a. in the past, European tyrants had never possessed ideologies
b. in the past, European dictators had never controlled such important countries
c. European tyrants had never possessed such mass support before
d. European tyrants had rarely interfered with the economy in the past
46. Explain the causes of the Depression of the 1930's. Why was it so much more severe and longer-lasting than previous depressions? Could it have been avoided?
47. Account for the relative successes of Britain's National Government and France's Popular Front in dealing with their respective economic problems. Why were the British so much more successful?
48. How did the Depression affect Germany? Discuss Hitler's rise to power between 1929 and 1934. Why was he successful? Was his dictatorship inevitable? Was his success due more to personalities than to impersonal forces?
49. Discuss Hitler's economic policies. Why were they successful? Compare and contrast his economic policies with those used in Britain, Italy and France. Why were some nations more successful than others?
50. What are the characteristics of a "police state"? How necessary is terror and intimidation in the consolidation of an authoritarian regime? How did Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin use terror to achieve their goals?
51. Discuss the policy of anti-Semitism in the Nazi state. How important was it as a unifier of the Nazi movement? What were the Nuremberg Laws of 1935? How can Kristallnacht in 1938 be seen as a part of Nazi policy?
52. What was the Nazi regime's view of women and their place in German society? How did these attitudes stand in direct contrast to the social changes that had occurred in Germany and throughout Europe in the first three decades of the 20th century?
53. Why did Stalin decide that Russia had to industrialize rapidly? Why did this require the collectivization of agriculture? What obstacles stood in the way of collectivization and how did Stalin overcome them?