1. 5 Were England, Scotland and Wales good neighbours in the Middle Ages? 5b England vs Scotland



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1.5 Were England, Scotland and Wales good neighbours in the Middle Ages?

1.5b England vs Scotland

Learning objectives

  • To find out about the relationship between England and Scotland.

  • To recognise the significance of certain events for different groups of people.

Historical background

The struggle between England and Scotland at the end of the thirteenth and beginning of the fourteenth centuries was prolonged and bloody. The succession crisis caused by the deaths of Alexander II and his heir Margaret provided Edward I of England with an opportunity to gain greater control over Scottish affairs. In 1292 Edward was asked by the Scottish nobility to choose the next king of Scotland. His choice of John Balliol did not lead to a pliant Scottish king as Edward had hoped. From 1296 to his death in 1307, Edward fought a series of campaigns in Scotland, including those against the armies of the much heralded William Wallace. Edward’s successor, Edward II, was not an adept military leader. In 1314 English forces suffered a humiliating defeat at Bannockburn which ended English claims.




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