01 Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry



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Chapter 1 page




07-105 STATE PLANNING OFFICE (obsolete; the rule chapter has been reassigned to 01 - Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry)
Chapter 1: KENNEBEC RIVER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLAN: BALANCING HYDROPOWER GENERATION AND OTHER USES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

INTRODUCTION 1

PURPOSES OF THE KENNEBEC RIVER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLAN 1

GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE OF THE PLAN 2

DAMS UNDERGOING RELICENSING BY FERC 2

SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS AND HISTORICAL CONTEXT 4

HISTORY OF HYDROPOWER REGULATION IN MAINE 8

ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF THE 10

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE KENNEBEC RIVER AND WATERSHED 10

FISH AND WILDLIFE HABITAT 11

Nontidal Mainstem Waters 11

Tributaries 15

Tidal Waters 25

Water Quality 29

HYDROPOWER REGULATION 31

ROLE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN HYDROPOWER REGULATION 31

THE FERC CONSULTATION PROCESS 32

THE ROLE OF STATE GOVERNMENT 33

RELATIVE COST OF RELICENSING ACTIVITIES 34

SUMMARIES OF STATUS OF PROJECTS UNDERGOING RELICENSING 35

RESOURCES AND BENEFICIAL USES 44

HYDROPOWER GENERATION 44

Existing Facilities. 44

Hydropower Potential. 48

Recommendations 48

FLOWS 50

Reservoir Levels and Flow Regime 50

Water Management Regime 51

Flood Damage Reduction 52

Recommendations. 53

WATER QUALITY 54

Recommendations. 54

FISHERIES 55

Anadromous Fisheries 55

Inland Fisheries 111

Recommendations. 126

RECREATIONAL AND SCENIC RESOURCES 129

Recreation and Access Opportunities. 129

Commercial Rafting 138

Recommendations 141

ARCHAEOLOGY 142

Archaeological and Historic Resources 142

Archaeological Impacts and Mitigation 150

Recommendations 151

MUNICIPAL PLANNING 152

SHORELAND ZONING 152

MUNICIPAL PLANNING FROM HARRIS DAM TO AUGUSTA 152

CRITERIA FOR STATE AGENCY DECISION-MAKING 156

MAINE RIVERS POLICY: SPECIAL PROTECTION FOR OUTSTANDING RIVER SEGMENTS 157

SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS 158

HYDROPOWER 158

FLOWS 158

WATER QUALITY 158

FISHERIES 159

RECREATIONAL AND SCENIC RESOURCES 160

ARCHAEOLOGY 161

TABLES AND FIGURES






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