‘ Hear our Voices’ -women’s Health and Family Services



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Why is FGM/C practiced?

Drawing upon recent literature reviews and peer reviewed publications on FGM/C (Berg & Dension, 2013; Brady & Files, 2007; Gele et al. 2013; Imoh, 2013; Reig Alcaraz et al. 2014; Vloeberghs et al. 2012) I have listed below the disparate and prevailing beliefs that may account for why FGM/C continues to be practised, as well as reasons why individuals and communities may support the discontinuation of FGM/C.



Factors favoring the continuation of FGM/C
Social pressure (see social norms approach)

Preservation of women’s virginity

Aesthetics

Male preference and increased sexual pleasure for men

To preserve a women’s dignity and honour and avoid shame on entire family

Pre-requisite for marriage

Cultural conformity: Tradition and Religion (although it is not dictated by any religion)

Hygiene and assumed health benefits

Lack of knowledge about the practice of health care professionals

Discrimination, marginalisation, lack of trust

Poor communication

Lack of respect for women’s privacy

Language difficulties
Factors favoring the discontinuation of FGM/C
Knowledge of the dangers

Media publicity

Discussions with family members, community, friends, religious institutions

Health concerns and consequences: problems during pregnancy and childbirth

Negative personal experience including loss of sexual pleasure

Impact on mental health

The husband is against it

Law of the country of residence*


*Where FGM/C is punishable by law, new attitudes towards the eradication of FGM/C are adopted in the women’s place of residence. Dustin (2004) argues that in the UK efforts to reduce FGM/C have focused on punitive legislation without sufficiently empowering women in the communities concerned to engage in debate to change attitudes and create alternative ways of affirming their cultural identity.


Directory: sites
sites -> The United States and Post-Castro Cuba
sites -> Fighting Fit: Exploring Military Medicine (1850-1950)
sites -> 9. 5 Political Powers and Achievements Tom Burns- beacon High School
sites -> Indiana Academic Standards Resource Guide World History and Civilization Standards Approved March 2014
sites -> Penn State Harrisburg American Studies/Women Studies 104: Women and the American Experience Spring 2015 Instructor: Kathryn Holmes
sites -> Penn State Harrisburg am st/wmnst 104: Women and the American Experience Spring 2015 Instructor: Kathryn Holmes
sites -> Abolition and Women’s Rights Chap. 14 Se
sites -> In the years between the Seneca Falls Convention and the Civil War, powerful links existed between antislavery and women’s rights advocates. Virtually all women’s rights advocates supported abolition


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