(1) "Board" means the North Carolina Code Officials Qualification Board.
(2) "Code" means the North Carolina State Building Code and related local building rules approved by the Building Code Council enacted, adopted or approved under G.S. 143‑138, any resolution adopted by a federally recognized Indian Tribe under G.S. 153A‑350.1 in which the Tribe adopts the North Carolina State Building Code and related local building rules, and the standards adopted by the Commissioner of Insurance under G.S. 143‑143.15(a).
(3) "Code enforcement" means the examination and approval of plans and specifications, or the inspection of the manner of construction, workmanship, and materials for construction of buildings and structures and components thereof, or the enforcement of fire code regulations as an employee of the State or local government or as an employee of a federally recognized Indian Tribe employed to perform inspections on tribal lands under G.S. 153A‑350.1, as an individual contracting with the State or a local government or a federally recognized Indian Tribe who performs inspections on tribal lands under G.S. 153A‑350.1 to conduct inspections, or as an individual who is employed by a company contracting with a county or a city to conduct inspections, except an employee of the State Department of Labor engaged in the administration and enforcement of those sections of the Code which pertain to boilers and elevators, to assure compliance with the State Building Code and related local building rules.
(4) "Local inspection department" means the agency or agencies of local government, or any government agency of a federally recognized Indian Tribe under G.S. 153A‑350.1, with authority to make inspections of buildings and to enforce the Code and other laws, ordinances, and rules enacted by the State and the local government or a federally recognized Indian Tribe under G.S. 153A‑350.1, which establish standards and requirements applicable to the construction, alteration, repair, or demolition of buildings, and conditions that may create hazards of fire, explosion, or related hazards.
(5) "Qualified Code‑enforcement official" means a person qualified under this Article to engage in the practice of Code enforcement.
(b) For purposes of this Article, the population of a city or county shall be determined according to the most current federal census, unless otherwise specified.
(c) For purposes of this Article, "willful misconduct, gross negligence, or gross incompetence" in addition to the meaning of those terms under other provisions of the General Statutes or at common law, shall include any of the following:
(1) The enforcement of a Code requirement applicable to a certain area or set of circumstances in other areas or circumstances not specified in the requirement.
(2) For an alternative design or construction method that has been appealed under G.S. 143‑140.1 and found by the Department of Insurance to comply with the Code, to refuse to accept the decision by the Department to allow that alternative design or construction method under the conditions or circumstances set forth in the Department's decision for that appeal.
(3) For an alternative construction method currently included in the Building Code, to refuse to allow the alternative method under the conditions or circumstances set forth in the Code for that alternative method.
(4) The enforcement of a requirement that is more stringent than or otherwise exceeds the Code requirement.
(5) To refuse to implement or adhere to an interpretation of the Building Code issued by the Building Code Council or the Department of Insurance.
(6) The habitual failure to provide requested inspections in a timely manner.
(7) Enforcement of a Code official's preference in the method or manner of installation of heating ventilation and air‑conditioning units, appliances, or equipment that is not required by the State Building Code and is in contradiction of a manufacturer's installation instructions or specifications. (1977, c. 531, s. 1; 1987, c. 827, ss. 224, 225; 1989, c. 681, s. 15; 1993, c. 232, s. 4.1; 1999‑78, s. 2; 1999‑372, s. 5; 2001‑421, s. 2.4; 2015‑145, s. 3(a); 2018‑29, s. 9.)