Zinn, chapter 13, The Socialist Challenge



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Zinn, chapter 13, The Socialist Challenge



Heilbroner, chapter 11, Industrialization Rubs off on Life



  1. Business concentration and Laissez Faire


  1. oligarchy & plutocracy


  1. The Progressive Era


  1. African Americans


  1. WEB Du Bois


  1. NAACP


  1. Ida B. Wells


  1. 1901 SPA --- “The members of a trades union should be taught ... that the labor movement means more, infinitely more, than a paltry increase in wages and the strike necessary to secure it; that while it engages to do all that possibly can he done to better the working conditions of its members, its higher object is to overthrow the capitalist system of private ownership of the tools of labor, abolish wage-slavery and achieve the freedom of the whole working class and, in fact, of all mankind….:


  1. Eugene Debs 5 time candidate for president --- Debs got 900,000 votes in 1912, double what he had in 1908




  1. socialist feminism


  1. Women suffrage --- Susan B. Anthony “"Give us suffrage, and we'll give you socialism," Debs replied: "Give us socialism and we'll give you suffrage."


  1. Hellen Keller --- “Our democracy is but a name. We vote? What does that mean? It means that we choose between two bodies of real, though not avowed, autocrats. We choose between Tweedledum and Tweedledee….”


  1. Emma Goldman --- “Her development, her freedom, her independence, must come from and through herself. First, by asserting herself as a personality. Second, by refusing the right to anyone over her body; by refusing to bear children, unless she wants them; by refusing to be a servant to God, the State, society, the husband, the family, etc. by making her life simpler, but deeper and richer.. . . Only that, and not the ballot, will set woman free….”


  1. Florence Kelley


    1. “We want time to play”




    1. "WE WANT TO GO TO SCHOOL!"




    1. "55 HOURS OR NOTHING!"


  1. Margaret Sanger --- Sanger had written in Woman and the New Race: "No woman can call herself free who does not own and control her own body. No woman can call herself free until she can choose conscientiously whether she will or will not be a mother."


  1. Jane Addams



  1. Walter Rauschenbusch


  1. 1905 IWW --- One Big Union & direct action


  1. AFL


  1. Workers compensation laws, child labor laws, regulation of railroads, minimum wage laws, maximum hours --- Despite these reforms (some of which were overturned by the courts) fundamental conditions did not change, however, for the vast majority of tenant farmers, factory workers, slum dwellers, miners, farm laborers, working men and women, black and white.


  1. Muller vs. Oregon 1908


  1. 17th Amendment


  1. African Americans and labor --- In general, the Negro was kept out of the trade union movement. W. E. B. Du Bois wrote in 1915: "The net result of all this has been to convince the American Negro that his greatest enemy is not the employer who robs him, but his fellow white working-man."


  1. UMWA


  1. Mary Mother Jones


  1. Matewan



  1. Muckraking


  1. Jack London, People of the Abyss & The Iron Heel --- “Let us not destroy those wonderful machines that produce efficiently and cheaply. Let us control them. Let us profit by their efficiency and cheapness. Let us run them for ourselves. That, gentlemen, is socialism ....”


  1. Upton Sinclair, The Jungle


  1. Taylorism & Fordism


  1. Industrial accidents --- In the year 1904, 27,000 workers were killed on the job, in manufacturing, transport, and agriculture. In one year, 50,000 accidents took place in New York factories alone . . . According to a report of the Commission on Industrial Relations, in 1914, 35,000 workers were killed in industrial accidents and 700,000 injured.


  1. sweatshops


  1. 1909 Uprising of the 20,000 & Clara Lemlich


  1. ILGWU


  1. 1911 Triangle Fire


  1. Free speech fights




  1. Joe Hill --- Little Red Song Book: "The Preacher and the Slave" had a favorite IWW target, the church:

Long-haired preachers come out every night,
Try to tell you what's wrong and what's right;
But when asked how about something to eat
They will answer with voices so sweet:

You will eat, bye and bye,


In that glorious land above the sky;
Work and pray, live on hay,
You'll get pie in the sky when you die.


  1. 1912 Bread and Roses strike



  1. 1914 Ludlow Massacre



  1. Commission on Industrial Relations 1915



  1. Roosevelt as “trustbuster”



  1. Taft, Wilson --- Progressive administrations?



  1. Basis for welfare state capitalism


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