|JUST WAR CASE STUDIES HOMEWORK
Choose between Iraq/Kuwait/US (page 1), and the Falklands War (page 2).
Read the information about your chosen war
Fill in the worksheet you were given in class (also on the blog to download and print).
On the back of your sheet write down whether you think this was a just war or not and why.
Iraq, Kuwait and the US – Case Study One
War fought between Iraq and allies of Kuwait, from January 16 to February 28, 1991, lasting 44 days altogether.
Iraqi reasons for attacking Kuwait. First, Iraq had never really accepted the state of Kuwait, which it considered to be a natural part of the lands of the rivers, Euphrates and Tigris. There were problems over the rights of underground oil resources along the border of the two countries, and Iraq claimed that Kuwait was using up resources that officially were on Iraqi side of the border.
The reason why the U.S. and allied forces attacked Iraq for occupying Kuwait. The most important argument for war against Iraq was that neighbouring oil producing countries feared that Saddam's Iraq could would come to them next if Iraq wasn't stopped in Kuwait.
The other main argument was far more emotional. Saddam and Iraq were presented as the evil dictatorship that had come to destroy a peaceful and militarily weak neighbour.
On the battlefields themselves. This war was one of the most uneven battles ever fought. While the allied forces could count their losses in a few hundreds, Iraq lost around 60,000 troops. The Iraqi military was one of the strongest in the Middle East, and would have done well in a war against most European countries. But against the USA and their allies, high-technology proved to have reached a level in which conventional military forces, like Iraq's, were totally overpowered. The war lasted fairly long (considering the unevenness in power), as many as 42 days. The economic costs were set at US$82 billion. Divided among countries, this involved US$13 billion for Japan, US$22 for Kuwait, US$29 for Saudi Arabia and US$18 billion for the USA.
The Falkland War - Case Study Two
The Falkland’s War in 1982 was between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the disputed Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The Falkland Islands consist of two large and many small islands in the South Atlantic Ocean east of Argentina, and their name and ownership have long been disputed.
The war was triggered by the occupation of South Georgia by Argentina on 19th March 1982 followed by the occupation of the Falklands, and ended when Argentina surrendered on 14 June 1982. Britain was initially taken by surprise by the Argentine attack on the South Atlantic islands, but launched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force, and retake the islands by water assault.
After combat resulting in 258 British and 649 Argentine deaths, the British eventually prevailed and the islands remained under British control. In total 907 were killed during the 74 days of the conflict: