Wwii study Guide

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WWII Study Guide

  1. List the dates of WWII

  2. How did the following led to WWII

a. Aggression of Totalitarian Powers- Germany, Italy, Japan began to invade countries

b. Nationalism- quest to get back land taken by the Treaty of Versailles especially


c. Treaty of Versailles- extremely harsh on Germany led to Hitler’s desire to get back at

the Allies

d. League of Nations- unable to use any authority to stop aggression by the totalitarian


e. Appeasements- allowing Hitler to do as he pleases with no retaliation by the Allies in

order to avoid war

f. Isolation policy of US- US did not want to get involved in another European war

  1. What was life like for civilians under Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin?

  1. What is Anti-Semitism?- hatred toward Jews

  1. What was the non-aggression pact? An agreement between German and the Soviet Union not to attack each other

  1. What event sparked the war? Invasion of Poland by Germany

  1. Describe Blitzkrieg- a surprise attack which involves air attacks followed by tanks then ground troops

  1. How was Hitler able to defeat France? Using blitzkrieg

  1. Which country entered the war to “help” defeat France? Italy

  1. Who made up the Axis powers? Germany, Japan, Italy

  1. Who made up the Allies? Great Britain, France, Russia, later US

  1. What area did Hitler and Mussolini focus on after Britain? Soviet Union

  1. What operation did Hitler implement to conquer Russia? Barbarossa

  1. What did the Battle of Stalingrad stop the Germans from doing? Completely taking over the Soviet Union

  1. When did Pearl Harbor occur? December 7, 1941

  1. Why was the Battles of Midway important for the Allies? Stopped the Japanese advancement in the Pacific

  1. Who was the Allies’ general in the Pacific? McArthur

  1. Who was the British Prime Minister during WWII? Winston Churchill

Where and when did D-Day take place? Normandy, France June 6, 1944

  1. What US general led the Allies during D-day? Eisenhower

  1. Why was D-day significant? It liberated France and allowed the Allies to completely surround Germany

  1. When did Germany surrender? May 7, 1945

  1. Which cities were the Atomic bombs dropped on? Hiroshima and Nagasaki

  1. Who was the US president during most of WWII? Franklin Roosevelt

  1. Who was the president that dropped the bombs? Harry S Truman

  1. Who was the Emperor of Japan and his premier military general that attacked Pearl Harbor? Emperor Hirohito and Hideki Tojo

  1. Which wartime conference called for the unconditional surrender of Germany and Japan? Casablanca

  1. Which wartime conference called for a two-front war in Europe? Tehran

  1. Which wartime conference discussed the fate of Poland? Yalta

  1. Which wartime conference demanded that Japan would lose all of its possessions? Cairo

  1. Which wartime conference was the first that Truman attended? Potsdam

  1. What strategy was used to defeat Japan? Island hopping

  1. What was the symbol of working women during World War II? Rosie the Riveter

  1. Which country conquered Berlin? The Soviet Union

  1. How did the US raise money for the war? War bonds

  1. What were the four freedoms of FDR? Speech, worship, from want, from fear

  1. What was the Atlantic Charter? A document by Great Britain and US outline the goals of the war and also pot war goals

  1. Who were the Big Three? Roosevelt, US; Churchill, Great Britain; Stalin, Soviet Union

  1. Who replaced FDR as president? Truman

  1. What was the Lend Lease Act? The US promise to become the Arsenal of Democracy by supply war needs to Great Britain

  1. What was the significance of each of the following battles?

a. D-Day- The liberation of France and Allies completely surrounding Germany

b. Bulge- last German offensive

c. Stalingrad- the turning point for the Soviet Union, stopped the German advance in the Soviet Union

d. France- defeated an Allied Power and one step closer to avoiding a two front war

e. Moscow- Germany retreated, big loss in men

f. Britain- RAF was able to use radar to know when the German Luftwaffe were attacking able to withstand the German attack

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