The terms of the treaty can be classified into three groups:
territorial - provisions that took land away from Germany
military - provisions that limited Germany's armed forces
financial and economic- Germany’s reparations to the victors (primarily France and Great Britain)
The Main Terms of the Treaty of Versailles were:
War Guilt Clause - Germany must accept the blame for starting World War One
Reparations - Germany had to pay millions for the damage caused by the war – mainly to France and Great Britain.
Disarmament - Germany was only allowed to have a small army and six naval ships. No tanks, no air force and no submarines were allowed. The Rhineland was to be de-militarized (area between France and Germany).
Territorial Clauses - Land was taken away from Germany and given to other countries-ALL colonies were lost. Alsace-Lorraine given back to France. Anschluss (union with Austria) was forbidden.
Who Negotiated the Treaty?
In 1919, Lloyd George of England, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson from the US met to discuss how Germany was to be made to pay for the damage world war one had caused.
US President Wilson Led the Way with His Fourteen Points
Wilson became the spokesperson for a new world order based on democracy and international cooperation and seen as a hero at the conference in Versailles