WW1: The Cost of war, the price of peace



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WW1: The Cost of WAR, THE PRICE OF PEACE

An overview of the Activities






Activity #1: Boundaries task: create a map of Europe if Germany and Central Powers had won; provide evidence to support

RC#1A: Map: Napoleonic Europe: 1815

RC#1B: Map: Europe after Congress of Vienna: 1815

RC#2: Map: minorities of the Central Powers: 1914

RC#3: Map: Europe in 1914 and then after WW1

RC#5: Treaty articles that defines the loss of German territory in Europe after WW1

RC#6: Map: German territorial losses in Europe, with commentary

RC#7: Map: steel manufacture, iron ore and coal in Europe

Activity #2: Casualties task: skit/story/poem describing your experience during the 'war to end all wars'

RC#1: excitement of war

First person account of being in Vienna in 1914



RC#2: human reaction [poem]

The poem 'In Flanders Fields'



RC#3: Attrition 1916

Defines the phrase 'war of attrition, with map of the losses from the Battle of Flanders






RC#4: Chart of the human and economic losses of WW1

RC#5: Trench Warfare: a passage from Remarque's 'All Quiet on the Western Front'

RC#6: chart: Military losses of life: 1914 - 1918

RC#7: The Great Flu Epidemic

This epidemic killed soldiers and civilians around he world



Activity #3 Reparations task: Determine the reparations Europe should pay to Germany; provide your reasoning

RC#1: Washington Post editorial condemning German arguments about the harshness of the treaty

RC#2: France's call for retribution, with a focus the damage to Verdun

RC#3: Squeeze the Lemon

British view towards reparations



RC#4: Reparation's Claims

Lists from France, Italy and Great Britain



RC#5: 2 Charts: Costs of the war
[note: includes chart from Activity 2}

RC#6: Treaty articles: reparations

Lists Treaty of Versailles articles dealing with reparations



Activity #4 Negotiations task: design parade entry, which includes 2 of the 4 powers, at the end of the war when all treaties have been signed

RC#1: the Big Three:

  • Wilson vs, Clemenceau: polar opposites

  • Wilson: 14 points/idealism

  • Clem-: French security/revenge

  • Lloyd George: long term peace; avoid future entanglements of the 14 points

RC#2: The 14 points

  • From the American/Wilson view

  • Attempts to avoid selfish national interests

  • Lists the 14 points

  • Create League of Nations

RC#3: cartoons: Wilson/League

  • Wilson offered hope, but final treaty had little of the 14 points

League formed but US refuses to join or ratify Treaty

RC#4: cartoons: Germany's view

  • The final treaty forces Ger. To pay and to accept responsibility

3 cartoons from German view

RC#5: Many nations/agendas

Chart of 7 nations treaty objectives, showing their desires, actual attainments, and signing status



RC#6: Paris Peace Conference

Summarizes the key decision makers and Italy's failure to gain their objectives



RC#8: Washington Post article

The German response to the requirement that they take full & sole responsibility for the War








RC#1: development of trenches

  • Schlieffan Plan

  • Quick end to war

  • Stalemate

  • Map: trenches at end of 1915

RC#2: Graph

Comparing war daily war losses of 10 wars from 1815 to 1918



RC#3: eyewitness: trench warfare

RC#4: List: new weapons

  • List 5 weapons, what they did & their impact

  • Machine gun, tank, aircraft, u-boats, gas mask

RC#5: Women's contributions

  • War ends unemployment

  • women enter 'male' jobs; paid lower wages

  • crucial/dangerous work in munitions plants

  • most lose jobs at end of the war

RC#6: map: major battles

RC#7: Treaty restrictions on German military

  • Clem- gets his goal to permanently weaken Germany

  • Ger. Forced to disarm, limit navy, airforce and arms; end draft,

Activity # 6: Propaganda task: design poster/slogan/jingle; use 4 propaganda techniques to recruit people to a personal cause

RC#1: 3 posters on women

Encourages women's home front participation



RC#2: 4 recruiting posters

Focus's on the emotional effect of a gesture



RC#3: 2 posters: half truths

Propaganda slanted info, provided partial truths, name calling, etc. to stir outrage, revenge and support



RC#4: 2 posters: mythical figures: Used mythical figures to shape the enemy as evil and 'our' side as just and right

RC#5: 2 posters: same images: Opposing sides would call on the same images and composition to support their side

Activity # 7: Minorities & Non-western nations task: news report, from point of view of non-European participants

RC#1: Indian involvement

GB had a small standing army in 1914; relied on volunteers from their empire, especially India



RC#2: more in India; 2 photos

Indian troops faced conditions entirely different than their training, knowledge & experience



RC#3: West Indies contributions

Caribbean/S. America: reviews their contributions of soldiers [mainly Black] & at home front



RC#4: African contributions

Allies attacked Ger. Colonies; reviews African's roles, sacrifices and positive attitudes



RC#5: Porters in Africa

Vehicle & animal transport very difficult; used human carriers



RC#6: Racism: Entrenched racism, fear of arming, cannon fodder; US/African Black soldiers played significant roles

RC#7: other ignored groups: Quick/brief overview of the contributions from China, Canada, Indochina, Japan, Latin America

Activity # 8: Colonies task: detailed proposal from former German colony seeking self-determination

RC#1: Map of European colonies in Africa in 1914

RC#2: Map of European possessions in Asia and Pacific

RC#3: Mandate System

Ger. Colonies support Wilson's 14 points, seek self-determination, but end up with Mandates



RC#4: piece of the puzzle

British industrial dominance threatened by growing Ger. Imperialism. Focus on Toguland



RC#5: to the victors go the spoils

Discusses the conflict between the Wilson and European views of who & how to handle Ger. Colonies. US Congress does not support Wilson's view



RC#6: White man's Burden

Explains European views, with quotes from McCauley, Kipling & Inge. Shows the 'Pear's Soap' ad



RC#7: treaty's colonial clauses

Germany to lose all lands, possessions, colonies, rights by treaties & alliances and other assets.




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