Wounding in World War One



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Anderson, Julie. "Wounding in World War One." British Library. The British Library, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . I used four images from this web site for my conclusion, showing general WWI medical related images. This source provided me with primary source images from the war.  

"Garrett A. Morgan." ABC-CLIO Solutions. ABC-CLIO, 1919. Web. 15 Dec. 2014. . This website provides me with the the biography of Garrett A. Morgan, the inventor of the safety hood, or as we call it today, the gas mask. The invention of the gas mask, which was widely used throughout WWI, is an example of the modernization of the medical field, not invented directly as a result of the advancements of warfare. 

"Garrett A. Morgan." ABC-CLIO Solutions. N.p., Dec. 2014. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This article provides the biography of Garrett A. Morgan, the inventor of the safety hood, or as we refer to it as the gas mask. Initially Morgan invented this to protect firemen from poisonous gases, however, the government bought the idea from him and began sending them to soldiers to protect against the poisonous gases in the war. I would use this in my first side arguing that many medical advances had sourced from before the war.

Gavin, Nancy, ed. Lateral view of X-Ray of skull with a bullet in the orbital area. WWI The Medical Front. WWI WWW, 2013. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This provides an image of an x-rayed skull from WWI, with a bullet in the eye area in the head. This provides an image to visualize the early uses of x-rays in the war. I used this image for my second side, saying that x-rays didn't advance medicine until the war. 

"Marie Currie - War Duty (1914-1919)." Marre Currie and the Science of Radioactivity. American Institution of Physics, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. . This source provided me with the information I needed in side two to counter side one in the discussion of the x-ray. Not only does this site provide me with appropriate direct quotes from Currie herself but it also provides the background of Marie Currie's involvement and utilization of the x-ray machine. 



Medical Department, United States Army. N.d. Library of Congress. Web. 15 Dec. 2014. . This image shows a dated advertisement for the medical department of the U.S. Army. The advertisement shows how important the medical field was and how much they emphasized its significance. 

Mosley, Michael. "How do you fix a face that's been blown off by shrapnel?" iWonder. BBC, 2014. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. . This article provides a secondary source for my second side arguing that the modernization of medicine had indeed stemmed from the advancements of warfare. It goes into brief depth of Harold Gillies, the man who revolutionized plastic surgery. I also used an image from this site showing one of Gillie's patients through the course of healing his face.  

Nurses and volunteers on both sides faced constant danger. N.d. BBC News Magazine. Web. 15 Dec. 2014. . The photograph provides an image of the gas masks being used as the nurses are treating the injured soldiers. This image helps contribute to the subject of the gas masks in my side one, where I'm arguing that some of the technology that was used during the war, such as the gas masks, were not made in response to the modernization of warfare, rather created before the war.

Seliger, Howard H. "Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen and the Glimmer of Light." Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen and the Glimmer of Light. N.p.: n.p., n.d. 25-31. Wihelm Conrad Röntgen and the Glimmer of Light. Web. 16 Dec. 2014. . This article snippet provides me with a primary source of a direct quote from Röntgen, the discoverer of the X-Ray. I can use this quote in my first side to argue that WWI did not significantly advance medicine, that science takes its course regardless of war or pressuring events.

Shaffer, Roger L. "TRAFFIC CONTROL SOLUTIONS: A LIGHT AT THE END." IMSA. IMSA, 2002. Web. 16 Dec. 2014. . I got an image of the blueprint of the Safety Hood. The original gas mask that Gerrett Morgan designed. Used for side 1.

SUNBEAM AMBULANCE, Picture from an advertisement in "The Autocar" January 1915. N.d. WORLD WAR 1 AMBULANCES. Web. 15 Dec. 2014. . This image provides a time appropriate image of an ambulance from World War I. This image would be suitable for my historical background page as it is a broad medical image not specific to any of my points I make later, however it does display the advancement of medical transportation through the ambulance automobile. 

Two images, one of Garrett Augustus Morgan and the other his invention, the safety hood. N.d. Western Reserve Historical Society. Who Made America? Web. 16 Dec. 2014. . The image of Garrett Augustus Morgan puts a face to his name as the inventor of the safety hood, or the gas mask. The image down to the right next to the image of Morgan shows what the original gas masks looked like. Both of these images provide me with a primary source for my first side. 

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen's wife's hand imaged with an X-Ray. N.d. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Web. 16 Dec. 2014. . This photograph helps prove that the X- Ray was invented and used prior to WWI, furthering the idea that WWI had not directly caused such a dramatic advancement of medicine. This is also a primary source as the image was from an initial test that Roentgen done on his wife with his X-Ray machine. 



World War I era poster from the American Red Cross as a member of the Allied Theatrical and Motion Picture Team. N.d. Yale University Libraries and Collections. Web. 15 Dec. 2014. . This image provides me with an original image advertising the American Red Cross as a member of the Allied Theatrical and Motion Picture Team for the second American Red Cross War Fund. It serves as a primary source, and further shows that medicine was indeed a large part of the war effort.

World War I: Trench Warfare. N.d. History.com. Web. 16 Dec. 2014. . The image shows footage from the battlefields of WWI within a trench. It also shows the two soldiers wearing gas masks, one aspect of modernization of the war that saved many lives.


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