World War II unit Transition Activities: Life Centered Career Education Competencies



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World War II Unit
Transition Activities: Life Centered Career Education Competencies
Diary of a Young Girl

Anne Frank



This book is presented separately to address the Daily Living Skills and Personal Social Skills of the Life Centered Career Education Competencies (LCCE). Her diary entries include many of the topics; some of the specific dates have been indicated below.


LCCE Competency

Diary Date

TOPIC

Daily Living Skills







1. Personal Finances

July 11, 1943


November 28, 1942

How did they manage their finances?

1. Mrs Van Daan selling her fur coat for more money

2. Keeping lights off to save on electricity

3. Rationing food and clothes



2. Household Management

(ongoing)

How did they manage their household?

1. The families had to divide up the living space in the Annex

2. They had to find a place to hide

3. They had to make rules so that they would not be found

4. They had to divide up chores

5. They had to make sure that they did not run out of food



3. Personal Needs

(ongoing)

How did they manage their personal needs in such crowded living space?

1. Everyday how everyone had their allotted time in the bathroom

2. Girls’ clothes got too small and what they had to do to get new shoes

3. What they did when someone was sick in the Annex

4. What they did to keep themselves safe/hidden

5. Keeping up with their school work, exercising their minds

6. How poor was their nutrition by the end of the book?

7. What did Anne do to keep herself emotionally stable?



4. Marriage & Children

July 5, 1942

July 8, 1942
July 9, 1942

July 7, 1942

September 21, 1942

October 29, 1942


December 6, 1943

July 3, 1942


July 5, 1942
September 2, 1942
September 2, 1942
September 27, 1942
September 27, 1942

April 2, 1943

March 19, 1944

October 3, 1942


October 29, 1942
November 7, 1942
January 30, 1943
June 13, 1943

December 24, 1943


January 7, 1944
March 28, 1944

June 20, 1942

September 2, 1942
October 29, 1943


How did Otto Frank prepare in order to keep his family safe?

1. Found place for the family to go into hiding

2. Made arrangements to have clothes and items taken to Annex in a safe way so no one was suspicious

3. Arrangements with coworkers to help by bringing food rations and supplies to the Annex



What activities did Otto do with Anne to maker her feel safe? How did this help her psychologically?

1. Sewed curtains together to cover the windows

2. Worked out figuring out their family tree together

3. Otto brought plays of Goethe and Schiller and read Don Carlos to Anne every night

4. Wrote poems for every person in the Annex for St. Nicholas Day

Compare and contrast Anne and Margot’s relationships with their father and mother versus Peter’s relationship with his parents.

1. Father upset with Anne because she came home late, dangerous for Jews

2. Anne’s parents don’t get mad about her grades, as long as she’s well and happy

3. Mr. Van Daan yells and gets upset when Peter talks back, refused to give him food until her apologized

4. Otto intervened with Mr Van Daan’s reaction with Peter and tried to calm him down

5. Anne had big fight with mother, family rule to try not to get into outbursts

6. Mrs Van Daan trying to mother Anne by telling her to eat more vegetables and becoming upset when she doesn’t obey

7. Mrs. Frank becomes upset when Anne doesn’t want to pray with her, has tears in her eyes. Mr. Frank only looks at Anne with disappointment

8. Peter says that he never gets goodnight kisses, feels so isolated that why he keeps silent

How do the actions of Anne’s father and mother differ and how did this affect Anne?

1. Mother becomes upset, Anne admits that she’s more fond of her father

2. Anne feels like her mother forces her to pray just so she will obey her

3. Mother always backs up Margot – says that she adores her father, he is the only one she looks up to and loves

4. Upset because of the horrible words, mocking looks and accusations from her mother she receives all the time

5. Father writes a beautiful poem for Anne for her birthday

6. Wishes she would have a real mother to care for her and wishes to be that kind of mother for her children, “Mumsie”

7. Anne talks to Father about sex – says she couldn’t possibly understand the longing yet

8. Mother has forbidden Anne to go upstairs with Peter – both are against each other. Father closes eyes not to see the silent battle

Compare the Frank’s marriage to the marriage of the Van Daan’s. How did they manage disagreements?

1. Mr. and Mrs. Frank were married late (36 & 35 years old)

2. Mr. and Mrs. Van Daan have a huge fight – Anne says that her parents would never fight like that

3. Mr. Van Daan forced Mrs. Van Daan to sell her fur coat for money when she wanted to save it for after the war. It resulted in a huge fight with lots of screaming.



5. Food Storage & Prep

July 10, 1942

November 9, 1942

November 9, 1942


December 10, 1942

December 22, 1942


March 12, 1943
July 23, 1944
November 17, 1943

October 1, 1943


August 9, 1943

September 16, 1943



How did the families handle the rationing?

1. First arrived in Annex, Elli and Miep collected rations

2. Bought 4 illegal ration cards because their prices are increasing

Where was the food stored and how was it obtained?

1.Hung sacks of beans inside hidden door, get bread from friend of Koophuis

2. Mr. Van Daan handled the meat business, ordered a lot of meat under the table to preserve for later use if necessary

3. Received extra butter rations for Christmas, making biscuits and cake

4. Mother gave extra butter to kids – they eat kidney beans and haricot beans

5. Elli buys cheap fruit – grapes, gooseberries, peaches and melons

6. Hard time getting food when Elli is sick

How did the family use meals to celebrate and build positive relationships with each other?

1. Mrs. Van Daan’s birthday meal with small presents and flowers

2. How did each person act and share at the dinner table?

3. Conversations during meals.



6. Clothing Care

July 5, 1942

July 8, 1942

July 8, 1942

September 21, 1942

October 1, 1942

October 7, 1942

January 13, 1943

March 12, 1943

May 2, 1943

August 10, 1943

October 17, 1943

March 27, 1944

March 29, 1944

February 20, 1944
October 1, 1942

July 1, 1943



How did they get their clothes to the Annex?

Give away clothes before they went into hiding

Pack clothes for hiding

Wore clothes to Annex



How did they handle of problem of growing out of their clothes?

Lack of winter clothes; knitting

Anne plans out what she would buy with a certain amt of $, makes list

Poorly dressed street children outside

Anne grows out of her shoes

Clothes too small, need mending and washing

Anne’s coat too small, let out hem

Van Dann’s selling expensive clothes for food money

Anne’s nightgown has become too small

Cost to repair shoes very high; many wearing worn out shoes



What was done about laundry?

Anne talks about doing laundry in Annex



When and how did they buy new clothes?

New skirts (poor quality)

Anne gets new high-heel shoes


7. Citizenship

June 20, 1942

June 24, 1942
July 8, 1942
July 9, 1942

March 29, 1944


July 1, 1942

October 9, 1942

November 9, 1942

October 10, 1942

June 1, 1943
May 5, 1943
November 11, 1942

November 19, 1942


December 22, 1942
February 27, 1943

July 8, 1942

July 10, 1942
November 17, 1942

March 13, 1943


May 2, 1943

July 11, 1943

November 27, 1943
January 28, 1944
March 10, 1944
August 10, 1943
January 28, 1944

January 28, 1944


March 14, 1944
March 2, 1944
March 29, 1944
April 11, 1944

April 11, 1944

April 11, 1944

May , 1944


May 26, 1944
March 19, 1943

What rules were set up for the Jews?

German rules regarding Jews

Ferryman escorting Jews (Anne realizes that the Dutch are not responsible for German occupation)

Comment about no Jew going into street with suitcase (Inference)

Jews must wear the Yellow Star (Jude)

Anne comments that Jews have no rights



What laws/rules were changes during the war?

Respecting curfew

Mention of young men being drafted as soldiers

Ration books

Guilder notes no longer accepted in 500/1,000 amounts

College students forced to sign paper saying sympathize with Germans

Dussel wants a banned book, Miep almost caught with it

How do they handle the new rules while being in hiding?

Annex families no longer consider themselves as having been German citizens, rather hostages

Forbid selves to listen to German radio, speak German, read German books (inference)

Miep and Bep come to gather things to take to Annex, help them hide, shop for them

Mr. Kleiman lying to hide them from new architect

List of rules for Annex members

Martial law/ rationing; also, feel like Annex is paradise compared to other Jews’ fates

False ID papers

Idea about taking Anne outside to see eye doctor (vs. the Annex rules)

Following Annex rules when there is break-in downstairs

Anne talks about those hiding her family as good citizens

Registration books for those in hiding – how they are secretly obtained (w/Dutch help)

Duty to share food with those that are hiding them

How did other Jews respond to the new laws?

Free Netherlands group, an underground resistance movement

Man who supplied Jews in hiding with food arrested

People who supplied Franks with extra food coupons arrested

Reports of Dutch people vandalizing and stealing from each other

Dutch people sabotaging German authorities, attempt to help fellow citizens

Man who supplied potatoes knew they were in hiding…will he tell?

Anne wanted to become a Dutch citizen after the war

War caused inflation, corruption of local Dutch officials

Mr. Kugler’s responsibility for their survival

Private phones cut off by Germans; Mr. Kugler called for work detail

Evacuation of German women and children in coastal regions

Break-ins and burglaries of office/warehouse


8. Recreation

June 14, 1942

December 7, 1942
June 20, 1942

June 24, 1942

October 1, 1942

October 9, 1942

December 10, 1942

June 20, 1942

January 27, 1944
June 29, 1942

November 28, 1942

November 28, 1942

December 10, 1942

December 10, 1942

December 24, 1943


July 8, 1942

November 28, 1942



How did they celebrate holidays and special events?

Anne’s birthday party

Celebrating holidays- Chanukah and St. Nicholas Day

What did they do for fun?

Playing ping-pong with friends

Spending time at friend’s houses

Anne and Peter play dress – up

Listening to radio/news

People watching from window at night

Peter playing cats

Collecting film stars



What did they do for exercise?

Bicycling

Doing exercises at night to reduce muscle pain

Exercising in the dark

Mrs. Van Daan’s idiotic butt exercises

Peter doing acrobatics around the house

Anne takes up ballet

What was done to keep up on academics?

Reading books

Asking riddles, speaking foreign languages, criticizing books


9. Community




How they kept in touch with the outside world while in hiding?

Kept in touch with outside world through Meip and other help

Friends brought food and news of events occurring in the war

Lack of goods in the community affected the families in hiding



Personal-Social Skills







10. Self awareness

October 16, 1942

November 28,1942

December 13,1942

January 30, 1943

February 5, 1943

February 27, 1943

April 2, 1943

July 13, 1943

July 29, 1943

August 9, 1943

September 16, 1943

October 29, 1943

November 8, 1943

December 25,1943

December 29,1943

January 27, 1944

January 28, 1944

February 3, 1944

February 16, 1944

February 23, 1944

March 14, 1944

March 16, 1944

April 11, 1944

May 5, 1944

May 22, 1944

May 26, 1944

July 6, 1944


Anne’s reading of books

Self confidence

Criticism of other children

“Showing off”

Character development

Relationship with mother

Similarities with mother

Argument with Mr. Dussel

Appropriateness for reading a book

Criticizing others

Relationship among residents

Mr. Koophuis

Different moods

Relationship with father

Friends

Self-image and hair



People who risk their lives to help Jews

Death


Relationship with Peter

Sarcasm


Restlessness

Sense of independence

Relationship with father

Attitudes toward Jews

Emotional state

Peter and religion

Sense of self


11. Self confidence

Nov. 19-20,1942

December 22,1942

January 13, 1943

January 30, 1943

April 2, 1943

May 1, 1943

July 11, 1943

July 13, 1943

August 3, 1943

December 24, 1943

January 2, 1944

January 5, 1944

January 5, 1944

January 6, 1944

January 12, 1944

January 22, 1944

February 12, 1944

February 27, 1944

March 17, 1944

April 4, 1944

April 11, 1944

April 17, 1944

April 28, 1944

May 7 1944

June 14, 1944

July 6, 1944

July 15, 1944


Comparing others with self

Mr. Dussel

Criticisms of other people

Conflicts with other residents

Disagreeing with Mother

Comparisons to other Jews

Criticism of her upbringing

Criticism of Mr. Dussel

Gymnastics

Criticism of Mother

Self criticism

Peter


Relationship with mother

Sense of independence

Emotional awareness

Inner feelings

Comparisons with mother

Emotions


Whose fault is it?

Comparing self to others

Feelings about Peter

Relationship with father

Self-perceptions

Relationship with Peter

Relationship with parents


12. Achieving Socially Responsible Behavior




How did Anne’s life change when the war started?

- Treatment of Jew’s property by the Germans.

- Sending away many of their possessions so the Nazis would not destroy them.

- Unfairness of not being allowed to ride the tram, ride a bicycle, shop at non-Jewish shops, and go to the park and other activities before they went into hiding.



How did she accept following directions?

- Anne listens to her father and does not question going into hiding.

- She follows instructions for packing and what she can/not take with her.

- While in hiding, everyone adheres to the rules in order to remain undetected, keeping quiet, keeping the curtains drawn, etc.

- Mr. Van Daan developed a list of rules for the Secret Annex when Mr. Dussel, the 8th person arrived.

- Jewish people had certain rules that they had to follow when in public. Failure to follow the rules could result in death or worse imprisonment.



What is Anne’s perception of herself and her relationships with others in the house?

- Anne talks about her relationship with Margot and asked permission to read her diary; Margot allows it.

- Anne has established her role as the talkative and funny one. She seems to accept this role and revel in it.

- Anne feels that she is constantly being picked-on and reprimanded by the others.

- Anne often falls asleep wishing that she were different from who she is and wanting to behave differently.


13. Maintaining good Interpersonal skills




How does Anne establish relationships?

- Anne has established an especially close relationship with her father. She often compares herself to him and refers to him as a “darling” who is always sticking up for her.

- Anne describes her ever-changing relationship with the Van Daan’s and continues to comment on her relationship with different members of the family throughout her time in hiding.

How does Anne establish friendships?

- Anne described a variety of different friendships throughout her life.

- Discusses the different friendships and characteristics of those friendships. She feels that she has many friends but no real friend with whom she can confide in.


14.Achieving Independence

November 7, 1942


July 6, 1944
January 22, 1944
June 14, 1942
January 2, 1944

March 20 & 22, 1944

April 4, 1943


How does Anne communicate with others react to how her comments affect them?

Anne believes that God wants to try her, wants her to become stronger, and better

Anne wants to train herself not to live a lazy life, and wants to be completely confident

Anne strives to become more independent and to be nicer to the people around her

Anne writes to record her experiences and to express her emotions in a constructive way

Anne realizes that her rude comments upset her mother and that she needs to keep mouth shut sometimes

Anne writes letters to Margot explaining her feelings for Peter so she doesn’t hurt her sister’s feelings.

Anne understands that she hurt her mother’s feelings by refusing to say prayers with her; Mother says “love can’t be forced”.



15. Makingadequate decisions

July 10,1942

November 11, 1942


August 21, 1942
August 5, 1943
November 17, 1942

December 22, 1943


January 2, 1944
January 22, 1944

Families have people who help from the outside: Mr. Van Santen, Krater, Elli and Miep who collect rations and get needed things to bring to the Annex

Prices for different foods and how many they can afford, the need to ration in case they are hiding for long time

Mr. Vossen and Mr. Kraler build cupboard in front of door to hide, in case people sneak around

Everyone must stay quiet all morning (7:15-12:30) until all the warehouse men go home

Create rules for the annex so that they aren’t found

Anne has flu, can’t cough for fear of being heard. Tries to sweat it out, uses compresses, etc.

Anne realizes that if she keeps her mouth shut when talking to her mother, it avoids problems and conflict

Anne doesn’t want to irritate the people around her; she tries to be patient, open, and friendly with others



16.Communicating with Others

June 20, 1942

June 21, 1942

July 5, 1942

September 21, 1942

September 27, 1942

January 30, 1943

March 25, 1943

June 13, 1943

July 16, 1943

February 3, 1944

February 27, 1944

March 3, 1944

March 14, 1944

March 17, 1944


April 11, 1944

May 6, 1944


June 14, 1944

Anne keeps a diary--her written communication

Anne was a chatterbox in school

Father explains about going into hiding

Mrs. Van Daan and Anne quarrel

Fight at dinner about Anne eating her vegetables

Anne has trouble communicating with others

Burglars in the house

Writing poetry

Burglars again

Preparing for different emergency situations

Anne communicates frustrations by being loud

Anne judges others remarks for their honesty

Mrs. Van Daan’s complaining is a result of her upset mood

Frank family has communication breakdowns- constant questioning of Anne

Burglars and police in the house

Anne writes letter to her father that she later realizes is insensitive

Anne feels need to have someone to confide in


Occupational Guidance and Preparation




Anne’s hopes and dreams for her future career, and analysis of her skills and abilities.


Online Resources:

The Anne Frank Museum http://www.annefrank.org/content.asp?pid=1&lid=2

The Anne Frank Center http://www.annefrank.com/

38 Crosby Street, Fifth Floor, New York, NY 10013



tel: (212) 431-7993, fax: (212) 431-8375 email: info@annefrank.com


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