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World War II Study Guide
Franklin Delano Roosevelt-president of US during WWII
Joseph Stalin-leader of Russia during WWII
Winston Churchill-leader of Britain during WWII
Benito Mussolini-leader of Italy during WWII
Emperor Tojo-leader of Japan in WWII
Adolf Hitler-leader of Germany during WWII
Neville Chamberlain-leader of Britain before WWII, tried to appease Hitler by giving him Czechoslovakia
Pearl Harbor-December 7, 1941, Japanese attack Pearl Harbor and US declares war
Lend-Lease Act-US lends military supplies to Britain
Blitzkrieg—lightning war, German strategy was to destroy key points quickly with tanks and airplanes
Island Hopping-Allied strategy to defeat Japan, gradually get closer to Japanese mainland
Atomic Bomb-dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, extremely powerful
Holocaust-Hitler’s plan to exterminate all the unwanted races, especially Jews
Appeasement-Britain trying to give Hitler what he wanted (Czechoslovakia) in order to avoid war
Battle of Britain-(1940) Germany trying to bomb Britain into submission, Britain wins because of radar
Totalitarianism-one person having complete control of a country
Fascism-everything is to support the government, people’s job is to make the government great
Draft-way for a country to increase its military, citizens are forced to join
D-Day-June 6, 1944, Allies recapture part of France despite massive casualties
Japanese Internment Camps-US forces Japanese to live in camps because we’re afraid of spies
Rosie the Riveter-symbol of the working woman in WWII
Embargo-refusing to trade with someone
Why did people like Mussolini and Hitler come into power?
The economy of their countries was terrible and not getting better so citizens wanted a change. They voted in dictators so they could make decisions quickly and fix the economy.
Who were the three main Axis and Allied countries and their leaders?
Germany-Adolf Hitler Britain-Winston Churchill
Italy-Benito Mussolini USA-Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Japan-Emperor Tojo Soviet Union-Joseph Stalin
How could something as bad as the Holocaust happen? What allowed it to occur?
People didn’t say anything, Germans were brainwashed, people didn’t know the extent of it, people were afraid for their own lives, it was gradual so people didn’t notice
Was the U.S. justified in dropping the atomic bomb? Give reasons for and against the U.S. dropping the bomb.
Yes-saved American lives, Japanese attacked us first, Japan wasn’t surrendering, had to show the rest of the world we were powerful
No-we killed mostly civilians, Japan was probably going to surrender anyway because USSR and Britain joined against them, we were already dropping firebombs
How did the U.S. benefit from the Lend-Lease Act?
US economy got a boost because we had to create a lot of weapons for Britain.
We helped Britain stay alive so we had an ally in Europe to fight Germany and Italy
-Saved American lives by having Britain fight first, we just sacrificed supplies at first
How did the U.S. prepare itself for war? Consider things that everyday people had to do.
Draft-people had to join the army Ration Cards-People had to consume less
Victory Gardens-encouraged to grow own vegetables
Junk Drives-kids went around collecting scrap metal for the military
Review your Facts Every American Should Know sheet!
Know countries! Britain, France, Spain, U.S.S.R., Germany, Poland, Italy, China, Japan