World War II
Many different countries and their leaders were involved in World War II. The United States, The United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union worked together and were known as the Allied Powers. Germany, Italy, and Japan were on the other side of the conflict and were known as the Axis Powers. Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill, and Franklin Roosevelt were some of the most famous leaders of World War II.
World War II Leaders
Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 when he became the Chancellor of Germany. He was the head of the Nazi Party and controlled Germany until his death in 1945. Nazi Germany had many anti-Jewish policies that led directly to the Holocaust, in which over 6 million Jewish people were killed. Hitler was also responsible for starting World War II because of the invasion of Poland by German troops.
Joseph Stalin was the leader of the U.S.S.R., also known as the Soviet Union, from 1922 until his death in 1953. Due to the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, the Soviet Union was at peace with Nazi Germany when World War II began. This changed in 1941 when Germany invaded, betraying the pact.
Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during World War II. Churchill is known for always saying that Hitler was a threat though many people did not want to believe him. He worked closely with President Franklin D. Roosevelt to ensure the Allies won the war.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt was President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. He worked closely with Winston Churchill and the United Kingdom during World War II. He was responsible for the declaration of war on Japan after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941. He is the only president who has served more than two terms.
Harry S Truman
Harry S Truman took over as President of the United States when Franklin D. Roosevelt died in April of 1945. Truman served as president from 1945 until 1953. He is probably most well known for his decision to drop atomic bombs on two Japanese cities: Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He did this in hopes of ending the war with Japan as quickly as possible. Japan surrendered a few days after the bombs were dropped.
Benito Mussolini was the Prime Minister of Italy beginning in 1922. He was the head of the National Fascist Party and is thought to be the father of fascism. Mussolini was an ally of Nazi Germany in World War II, and he declared war on the United Kingdom and France in 1940.
Hirohito was the emperor of Japan from 1926 until his death in 1989. During the early years of his time in power, he is known for allowing Japanese aggression in China, as well as the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Japan was a military ally with Nazi Germany during World War II. The bombing of Pearl Harbor forced the United States to enter World War II in 1941.
Create a “trading card” for each WWII leader. Be sure to include the following information:
Picture on one side
Name, Country, Alliance, and 2 key facts on the other side