World Literature Argument Essay-Archetypal Heroes



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World Literature Argument Essay-Archetypal Heroes
An argument essay is a sound argument of a position backed up with facts, details, examples and one additional element—appeal. Persuasion is the kind of writing that depends on the reader’s reaction to what the writer says. One should remember that the goal of persuasive writing is to make the reader change from his viewpoint to the writer’s viewpoint. Therefore, the writer must present his argument in a way that will not offend his reader.


  • TOPIC: The Honorable Literary Hero Hall of Fame is poised to induct a new hero into their legendary company from the epic poem Iliad. The problem is that half of the prestige company including Odysseus, William Wallace, Simba and King Arthur think Achilles best fits the traits of the archetypal hero while Gilgamesh, Luke Skywalker, Moses and Harry Potter feel that Hector is the real archetypal hero of the epic.

In an essay, persuade your audience of heroes that either Achilles or Hector is the better example of an archetypal hero deserving a place in the Literary Hero Hall of Fame.


I. Introduction- Your introduction is an important road map for the rest of your paper and conveys a lot of information to your readers.

  • Begin your introductory paragraph by hooking the heroes’ interest with a compelling story, a fascinating quotation, an interesting question, or a stirring example.

  • Set the context – provide general information about archetypal heroes, include the title of the epic poem (The Iliad) and the author (Homer), but don’t insult your readers intelligence as they ARE heroes themselves.

  • State why the main idea (selecting the true hero of the Iliad) is important tell the heroes why they should care and keep reading. Your goal is to create a compelling, clear, and convincing essay your audience, the heroes, will want to read and act upon.

  • State your thesis at the end of the paragraph—Achilles or Hector is the better example of the archetypal hero and should be included in the Literary Hero Hall of Fame.


II. Body Paragraphs

  • Begin each body paragraph with a topic sentence—an example of an archetypal/epic hero trait that the hero possesses

  • Include specific examples from The Iliad.

  • Use logos (logical), pathos (emotional) and ethos (ethical) appeals to win your heroes over.

  • End each paragraph with a Clincher/Transition sentence that wraps up this idea and moves us to the next idea.

  • Address counterpoints


Warning **Pitfalls to avoid in body paragraphs: stereotypes, name-calling, slanting the truth, quoting out of context, and distortions of the oppositions’ views.

V. Conclusion Paragraph

  • Begin the conclusion paragraph by introducing a new, but related idea.

  • Make a general statement about your hero choice and why he is the better choice of hero

  • Make a general statement of counterpoints.

  • End the paragraph with a fabulous sentence that makes the audience really want to change their own ideas and adopt yours.

Standards Addressed. CC: ELACCL9-10W1: Write arguments to support claims. ELACCL9-10W4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience ELACCL9-10W5: Develop and strengthen writing by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience ELACCL9-10W9: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research ELACCL9-10L1: Demonstrate command of the ELACCL9-10L2: Demonstrate command of the conventions. ELACCL9-10L3 a. Write and edit work so that it conforms to the guidelines in a style manual (e.g., MLA Handbook)


Teacher Check:
THESIS:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Using notes & handouts with information on the archetypal hero, complete the following:

What main ideas will you use to develop the idea of Achilles or Hector as an archetypal hero deserving to be in the Hero Hall of Fame? List them here in COMPLETE sentences. No number requirement. You can combine ideas, and pick and choose. Select elements of the epic hero that you will be able to support with lines from the text, These will be your topic sentences.

Now, on this side, cite quotes to support the ideas that you have listed on the left side. These will be your supporting details. To cite lines, use quotation marks and note book and line numbers in parentheses at the end. Use the slash mark at the end of each LINE of text. -- Example: “Rage –Goddess, sing the rage of Peleus’ son Achilles, murderous, doomed/ that cost the Achaeans countless losses” (1.1-2). NOTICE the use of the slash.





Teacher Check:




Teacher Check:
Once you have composed your intro paragraph, have Mrs. Hagerty check.

YOU MUST ATTACH THIS COMPLETED SHEET TO YOUR FINAL DRAFT ALONG WITH THE RUBRIC IN ORDER TO SUBMIT YOUR ESSAY FOR GRADING!


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