World history semester review



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I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race. . . What an alteration there would be if they [Africans] were brought under Anglo-Saxon influence.”

Cecil Rhodes, Confessions of Faith, 1877

____ 210. The quote by Cecil Rhodes is an example of which of the following?



a.

sati

c.

swadeshi

b.

Social Darwinism

d.

nationalism

____ 211. The Mexican-American War was caused by



a.

a dispute over the Mexican Cession.

c.

American raids into Mexican territory.

b.

tension over the Monroe Doctrine.

d.

a dispute over Texas.

____ 212. The Council of Trent



a.

addressed corruption, and argued for the role of the Catholic Church in salvation.

b.

redefined Catholic Church doctrine to state that faith alone was needed to achieve salvation.

c.

began a Holy War in Central Europe.

d.

excommunicated Luther and sentenced him to death.

____ 213. What event led to a decisive shift away from isolationism in the United States?



a.

the discovery of Auschwitz

b.

the Battle of Britain

c.

the attack on Pearl Harbor

d.

the sinking of American ships by German submarines

____ 214. Which of the following did Great Britain receive as a result of their fight against France?



a.

the Kingdom of Sicily

c.

overseas colonies

b.

territory in Eastern Europe

d.

portions of northern France

____ 215. What was the significance of the Battle of Coral Sea?



a.

It was the first time the Allies had stopped the relentless Japanese advance.

c.

It resulted in Allied control of the entire Atlantic.

b.

It repelled the Axis Powers from Northern Africa.

d.

The Americans sunk four Japanese carriers and lost only one of their own.

____ 216. How did Hobbes and Rousseau differ?



a.

Rousseau believed an absolute monarchy was essential; Hobbes did not.

b.

Hobbes believed people needed protection from government; Rousseau did not.

c.

Rousseau believed in the idea of a social contract; Hobbes did not.

d.

Rousseau believed people were naturally good; Hobbes did not.

____ 217. Hitler’s declaration that “Surrender is forbidden” to his commanders at the Battle of Stalingrad led to



a.

a decisive German victory over the Soviets.

b.

the starvation of over a million civilians.

c.

the capture of 90,000 Axis survivors and a crushing defeat for Hitler.

d.

a two-year stalemate.

____ 218. Bolsheviks planned that which of the following groups would lead a revolution and rule Russia?



a.

the military

c.

socialists

b.

nobles

d.

the Whites

____ 219. The liberation of Paris by the Allies led Hitler to



a.

invade the Soviet Union.

c.

kill himself.

b.

surrender.

d.

order a counterattack in Belgium.

____ 220. Following Islamic law, the Ottomans



a.

required all non-Muslims to join the military.

c.

forced all their subjects to convert to Islam.

b.

allowed religious freedom.

d.

killed all people who were not Muslim.

____ 221. The Luddite movement emerged in order to



a.

oppose industrial changes that were putting weavers out of work.

c.

direct strikes breaking out all over Great Britain.

b.

abolish child labor.

d.

agitate for the ten-hour day.

____ 222. Which of the following was a significant factor in the expansion of the railroad system in the 1800s?



a.

the discovery of electricity

c.

the invention of the Bessemer process

b.

production of the Model T

d.

preparation for the Paris Exhibition of 1900


____ 223. The Kansas-Nebraska Act



a.

finalized the Louisiana Purchase.

c.

forced Native Americans to move to Indian Territory.

b.

set off a bitter debate between proslavery and antislavery Americans.

d.

created the Confederate States of America.

____ 224. The partnership formed between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the late 1800s was called the



a.

Triple Alliance.

c.

Central Powers.

b.

Eastern Block.

d.

Triple Entente.

____ 225. Women’s participation in World War I consisted primarily of



a.

filling vacated jobs in the service industry.

c.

entertaining the troops.

b.

assisting on the home front and nursing wounded soldiers.

d.

fighting on the front line.

____ 226. Why did the Legislative Assembly declare war against Austria?



a.

The Austrians had attacked towns in southeast France.

c.

Austrians had issued a declaration warning against harming the French monarchs.

b.

The country had offered asylum to King Louis XVI.

d.

Napoleon Bonaparte was hiding there.

____ 227. Why did the French and Indian War lead to increased taxes on Britain’s American colonies?



a.

Because removing the French benefited the colonists, Britain decided to make the colonies pay part of the cost.

c.

The British feared that the colonists were planning a revolution and wanted to weaken them economically.

b.

The French won the war and wanted to punish the colonists.

d.

The colonists now had access to the French gold and silver mines in the Americas.

____ 228. The entry of the United States into World War I



a.

infused much-needed cash into the Allied war effort.

c.

did not effect the war’s outcome.

b.

made German soldiers fight much harder than they had before.

d.

added hundreds of thousands of troops to the Allied cause.

____ 229. What was the goal of the Yalta Conference?



a.

to reach an agreement on what to do with postwar Europe

c.

to compensate victims of the Holocaust

b.

to agree on a schedule for the invasion of France

d.

to divide Europe into communist and capitalist sections

____ 230. During the Tokugawa period the role of the samurai changed because



a.

feudalism disappeared.

c.

the emperor gained power.

b.

peace put the samurai out of work.

d.

Confucianism gained in popularity.

____ 231. Why did Napoleon sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States?



a.

He wanted to keep the territory out of the hands of the British.

c.

He needed money to fund the Napoleonic Wars.

b.

His expedition east of the Mississippi River had failed miserably to incite rebellion.

d.

His failure to take back Saint Domingue led him to abandon his dream of empire in the Americas.

____ 232. Which best describes political motives driving the new European imperialism in Africa?



a.

European leaders wanted to develop industry in Africa and reap their profits.

b.

Europeans believed they had much to learn from Africans.

c.

European leaders believed that controlling colonies would gain them more respect from other leaders.

d.

Population decline led European countries to look to Africa for workers to fuel industrialization in home countries.

____ 233. Why did people in the Netherlands revolt against Spain?



a.

to protest Spain’s treatment of slaves

c.

because of religious differences

b.

to stop the sea dogs

d.

because of corruption in the Spanish government

____ 234. Which of the following writers described life in nature as “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short”?



a.

William and Mary

c.

Samuel Pepys

b.

Thomas Hobbes

d.

John Locke

____ 235. Many peasants came to oppose the Revolution because



a.

they were staunch Jacobins.

c.

they opposed the Revolution’s anticlerical moves and the draft.

b.

they were pacifists.

d.

they were influenced by Enlightenment ideas.
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