World history I review unit I: global concepts
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WORLD HISTORY I
UNIT I: GLOBAL
A. What is
? culture The way of life of a given group of people.
What are things that make one culture different from an other?
Language, religion, customs
What is the importance of
? language communication
What is the purpose of
? government Provide order and structure and prevent chaos
mean? codified Written down
What is the importance of
that are things ? codified people know what the law is and it’s consequences
believing in the superiority of your culture.
B. What is the importance of
to a culture? BELIEF SYSTEMS Cultural code of conduct.
- Monotheism belief in one god
- Polytheism belief in many gods
Divine Right/Mandate of Heaven-
the right to rule comes from God 4. With the help of Copernicus and Galileo,
religion (the Catholic Church)?
People like scientists and philosopher used
to challenge what The church?
Science and reason.
. , what's the purpose? Political Systems/Social Order Establish order 1.
- Hierarchy rigid social structure – everyone has a defined role
Label two examples of hierarchies:
Feudalism Medieval Europe Feudalism in Japan Caste System in India
2. What was the process of being able to move up a social ladder or hierarchy known as?
In civilizations prior to 1500 CE, if you were wealthy and powerful you owned much?
What does CE stand for?
Government ruled by king or queen?
Government where citizens vote directly for leader?
1. Prior to the Neolithic Revolution, people obtained food by?
hunting and gathering
Civilization? Paleolithic old stone age
Revolution? Neolithic New stone age
? Barter System Economic system based on trade
When people produce just enough to survive?
Society based on farming?
What is the name of the economy based on the exchange of goods and services?
A coastline suitable for trade is?
When one nation relies on another?
, what is it? Geography Study of the earth and its features
1.The earliest civilization were located along?
Food, water, trade, transportation
3. What impact does geography have on an area? (use examples)
Rivers- cultural diffusion
Deserts – Protect/Isolate
When nations or cultures exchange good and ideas, it is known as,
When one country (bigger) takes over another country (smaller) for political, social and economical benefits
F. Comparisons: Define the following, how are they different?
TRADITIONAL SOCIETY MODERN SOCIETY 1. Hierarchy vs. Democracy
status achieved status
(born into) (earned placement)
2. Agricultural vs. Industrial
3. Geocentric vs. Heliocentric
earth is the center sun is the center of the
of the universe universe
Study of the earth and its features
People - environment – plants/animals.
2. 5 Themes of Geography:
What are two types of location?
absolute (exact) and
Relative (description of a place in relation to another)
Geographic Tools and Measurements:
a. It shows?
Earth as a sphere
man-made, shows boundaries/borders
0 degrees latitude
0 degrees longitude – stretches from the North Pole to the South Pole
North/South and East/West
run north and south of Equator
measure east or west of the Prime Meridian
Geographic Features are:
MOUNTAINS, what is their role?
MOUNTAIN RANGE NATION/AREA
Himalayas South Asia
Andes South America
Sahara North Africa
OCEANS BORDER WHAT CONTINENTS
Atlantic N+S America, Africa, Europe
Pacific N+S America, Asia
Indian Africa and Asia
Cultural diffusion, trade, transportation a.Examples:
Rhine Western Europe
CLIMATE, effects on an area?
How people adapt to it
CLIMATE AREA OF WORLD
Arid/Dry North Africa
SEAS BORDER WHICH AREAS
Mediterranean Sea Europe and Africa
Red Sea Africa and Middle East
Regular Africa D. QUESTIONS:
Deserts and Mountains have historically
isolated people from one another.
Closeness to waterways and easy land travel has caused much
cultural diffusion throughout the centuries.
A variety of geographic features in a region has lead to
diverse groups of people in one nation. (different ways of life).
If people in a region all share the same culture and same way of life, they are said to be?
If people in a region do not share the same way of life or culture, they are said to be?
The destruction of the forest?
The growth of the desert?
Process of farming on a mountain?
Process of bringing water to an area without?
Irrigation 10.Seven Continents:
North America, South America, Europe,
Asia, Africa, Antarctica, Australia.
12.Another name for a key on a map?
13.Process of creating power with use of water?
UNIT III: POLITICAL SYSTEMS
Reasons for developing Political Systems:
Parts of Political Systems:
LAW- require certain behavior
Enforcing laws- police – consequences for breaking laws
Interpreting law- courts – make sure people understand law correctly
Justice – what is right for people in a society
a city that has no other governments controlling it
a government that controls many cities and/or states
Germany 3. Empire-
government that controls many nations
rule by king/queen
Examples: (Who and from where?)
1. Elizabeth I - England
2. Louis XIV – France
3. Phillip II – Spain
- Absolutism monarch has TOTAL control of country and people
- Limited Monarchy monarch’s power is limited by LAW
EXAMPLES: What limited the Monarch's power in England (1215-1689)
WHAT DOCUMENT SAID:
Limited the power of the monarch
2. Petition of Right
Limited the power of the monarch
3. English Bill of Rights
Limited the power of the monarch
- Glorious Revolution bloodless overthrow of James II
- Divine Right right to rule comes from God
- Autocracy one person rules
government in which citizens hold power
1. United States
- Direct Democracy citizens vote directly on all isusses
- suffrage right to vote 3.Republic-
citizens vote for representatives – people elect leaders
1. Ancient Rome
2. United States
government headed by a ruler with absolute authority
Examples: (Who and where?)
Stalin – Russia (USSR)
Hitler – Germany
- Totalitarian Ruler has total control of country and people 1)Example:
Stalin –Russia (USSR)
Mussolini - Italy 5.Feudalism-
land for loyalty
Western Europe Middle Ages 500-1200
_ decentralized government power is spread out (feudalism)
- centralized government strong central government (USA)
- Codified written down
Twelve Tables Rome
Hammurabi’s Code Babylon
Justinian’s Code Byzantine Empire
UNIT IV: ECONOMIC
satisfying the material needs of people (use of money)
Types of Economic Resources:
natural - land
human - labor
capital - money
not enough – lacking
If there are not enough people to work, this
increase the cost of labor.
If a nation is short on natural resources, it can lead
interdependence, which is relying on other nations for help.
job shortages may force people to go bankrupt.
things people desire (vacations, luxury items)
things everyone must have to survive (food, clothing, shelter)
private ownership of the means of production and distribution of goods .
Types of Economic Systems:
Subsistence – taking care of needs of yourself and family
Nomadic – following the food
wanderers with no permanent home
System- economic system based on trade
mother country owns and controls land and people
blending/sharing/spread of goods and ideas
an economic system structured around a lord’s manor or estate
The time period was called?
In what part of the world?
self – sufficient, everything needed to survive was produced on manor.
Manoralism was an exchange of
goods and services.
If a peasant used a Lords oven for baking, the peasant was required to leave
bread as a payment.
F. Commercial Revolution:
When did it occur?
By this time period, nations were competing for new
introduced new method of investing money, to increase the flow of wealth and reduce risks.
Individual merchants who wanted to help with the payment of sailing ventures, raised money by combing their resources in to
joint- stock companies.(Organizations that sold stock, enabling small investors to share in the profit.)
If a loss occurred, investor only lost what was
colony serves to benefit mother country (wealth=power).
Favorable balance of trade-
export more than you import.
G. Industrial Revolution:
a) natural resources c) stable gov’t e) money
b) waterways d) labor source
3. How did the Industrial Revolution affect the rest of the world economically?
Rise of factory system and growth of capitalism H. Non Capitalist Economies:
Government Controls Economy
UNIT V: BELIEF
WHO IS WORSHIPED
Every living and non living thing has a spirit
you obey the gods, you will be blessed with good harvest and many children.
If you fail to obey gods, you will be
punished with sickness, crop failure and death.
Animism is a
WHO IS WORSHIPED
It is the world's
Hindus believe in
reincarnation, where the souls are reborn into another body.
Each Hindu is born into a
caste, a station of life.
Duties of your caste.
Deeds you commit in your lifetime.
Ultimate goal in Hinduism is?
The top of the varna is?
Bottom of varna is?
Siddhartha Gautama (born 500 BC)
4 Noble Truths
life is suffering
2.Suffering is caused by desire for things that are illusions
3.Eliminate suffering by eliminating desire.
4. Follow Eightfold Path to overcome desire
Buddha was in search for the meaning of
In order to eliminate earthly desires, a person needs to follow the
Eight- Fold Path.
The form of relaxation used by Buddhists is
THE FIVE RELATION-SHIPS
(born 551 BC)
Confucianism began as a
philosophy, not a religion.
Respect for parents and elders?
Mandate of Heaven?
Power to rule comes from God.
Daoism is another Chinese religion emphasizing self-knowledge. Stresses personal freedom.
Opposites in nature are symbolized by the
yin and yang.
Place of worship
* ten commandments
1.Judaism is the oldest
monotheistic religion of the Middle East.
2. God's promise that the Jews were his chosen people is known
3. Jewish religious teachers?
- Place of worship
* Jesus is God the Messiah
* Ten Commandments
Jesus is considered the
messiah, or savior.
Roman Catholic Church became the most powerful institution in Europe from the time of the HOLY
Roman Empire through the Great Schism
* Pray 5x day
* one God (Allah)
fast during Ramadan * alms giving (money) to the poor
* pilgrimage to Mecca
A follower of Islam is a?
Muslims believe that
Mohammad was the last and greatest prophet of Allah, or God.
As Islamic Holy War?
The ninth month of the Islamic calendar is?
A pilgrimage is known as a?
Two different sects of Islam are the
sunni- and the shiite.
Islamic religious leader is a?
KEY TURNING POINTS FROM GLOBAL I
A. Neolithic Revolution
8000 BCE after the Paleolithic Era when people hunted and gathered ( nomads).
Neolithic Era started when people invented stone
tools for farming and began to settle near rivers such as the Nile, Huang, Indus, and Tigris and Euphrates.
provided water for crops and for drinking, as well as a means of transportation. As a result, the first civilizations emerged.
B. Fall of Rome: Middle Ages Begin
Political Causes: Invasions,
Social Cause: Lack of Patriotism
Economic Causes: High
Political power changed from
centralized to decentralized: Middle Ages begin
System of government: Feudalism =
land for loyalty
Regain holy land from Muslims
a.) Europe rediscovered
Greek and Roman classics by Plato,
Aristotle, and Socrates.
b.) Muslims kept
Christians from regaining the holy land.
c.) Crusades led to the rise of
absolute monarchs and to the decline of the Church’s power.
Trade increased and Europeans were introduced to the advances of Byzantine and Muslim civilizations.
rebirth of Greek and Roman ideas led to a new era called the Renaissance. D. Renaissance
Main concept: humanism emphasized individual
Artwork featuring humanism: David by
Michelangelo and Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci.
patrons such as the Medicis funded great art works.
Commercial revolution: A money economy emerged so people wouldn’t have to barter and banks were started.
Invention of the
Printing Press (1450s) – books became more available, literacy increased and ideas spread rapidly.
People began to question the authority of the
E. Voyages of Columbus
First permanent contact between
old world and new world.
Led to the
Age of Exploration and the “ Triangle Trade” between Europe, Africa and the Americas.
Spanish term for conqueror:
Effect of European diseases: millions of
Native Americans died
Slave trade caused great human
suffering and disrupted life in Western Africa.
Led to mercantilism where “
mother country” acquired raw and new markets. materials
F. PROTESTANT REFORMATION:
Began in what country?
Martin Luther Why?
Luther felt the Church had become corrupt and too powerful
What is a certificate called, that is sold for the forgiveness of sins?
Luther’s list of complaints about the Catholic Church
Catholic Church became weaker therefore monarchs became stronger. This led to the rise of absolute monarchs such as Louis XIV.
Unity in the Catholic church breaks up, leading to absolutism
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