World History 2 China Rejects European Outreach Drill: Caravel & Compass Caravel – type of ship/sails that made it possible to sail against the wind Compass made it possible to follow a course without using land-marks



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World History

3.2 China Rejects European Outreach

Drill: Caravel & Compass

Caravel – type of ship/sails that made it possible to sail against the wind

Compass made it possible to follow a course without using land-marks.
Objectives: Students will be able to to identify the successes of the early Ming emperors in China and Korea under the Qing Dynasty by researching daily life in Ming and Qing China.

T E R

Notes: Chinese Ming Government

1. reformed agriculture, restored civil service and established Confucian moral standards

2. increased rice production, improved irrigation, introduced fish farming and commercial

crops

3. tried to keep the influence of outsiders to a minimum

4. foreign policy led to opium smuggling, increase in commerce and manufacturing, introduction of Christianity and European inventions

5. failed to preserve Chinese traditions and Confucian beliefs and restoring prosperity and safety

6. control of the arts reflected technical skills, rather than creativity; plays depicted Chinese history and political heroes.

7. restricted trading to special ports and demanded tribute and “kowtow” rituals

the Dutch followed Chinese rules while the British refused to kowtow.
Odds & Ends

1. Korea was founded in the late 1600s and was a vassal state of China during the Qing Dynasty.

2. The Qing Dynasty was founded by a member of the Manchus

3. This son of peasants, Hongwu founded the Ming Dynasty.

4. This dynasty included the rulers Kangxi and Qian-long.

5. The Ming Dynasty ruled China following the end of Mongol rule.

6. This Chinese ruler, Yonglo attempted to expand China’s tribute system by sponsoring voyages of exploration and moved the Chinese capital to Beijing, where he built the palace complex known as the Forbidden City.

7. Netherlands (Dutch) trade representatives won the favor of Chinese emperors by accepting restrictions on trade, paying tribute, and kowtowing.

8. This Chinese Muslim explorer, Kangxi led seven voyages of exploration to places such as Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and eastern Africa.


World History

3.2 China Rejects European Outreach

1. a

2. h

3. f

4. m

5. n

6. a

7. d

8. d

9. k

10. i

11. c
BCR. Most Chinese were farmers. They use of fertilizers and irrigation increased rice production. Farmers began growing new crops, introduced from newly discovered lands. The increase in the food supply improved nutrition and diet. Improvements in nutrition and diet encouraged larger families. The Chinese population increased dramatically and rapidly. Males were valued much more highly than females. Many female infants were killed. Men dominated households and families. Women worked in the home, in the fields, and sometimes outside of the home. Women raised children and managed the family’s finances. Many Chinese women and girls were crippled by foot binding. Drama was a popular form of entertainment.
SKILLBUILDER PRACTICE

1. Population of China. Line Graph

2. The vertical axis displays the population in billions. The horizontal axis displays the years in five-year increments.

3. 1950–2020

4. a. between 1.2 billion and 1.3 billion

b. over 1.4 billion

5. Trying to increase food production and trying to limit population growth are both methods to deal with the problem of feeding a much larger population on a limited amount of food-producing land. Trying to increase food production would only make that problem worse.
Summary: In today’s lesson, we identified the successes of the early Ming emperors in China and Korea under the Qing Dynasty.
Homework: Kowtow & Beijing

Kowtow: to give in

Beijing: China’s capital

Name____________________________________________________Date_______________


H World History

3.2 China Rejects European Outreach
Terms and Names Write the letter of the term or name that matches the description. A term may be used more than once or not at all.

a. Korea f. Hongwu k. Netherlands

b. Dutch g. Mongols l. Great Britain

c. Kangxi h. Manchus m. Qing Dynasty

d. Yonglo i. Zheng He n. Ming Dynasty

e. Chinese j. Qian-long
______ 1. This dynasty was founded in the late 1600s.

______ 2. The Qing Dynasty was founded by a member of this group.

______ 3. This son of peasants founded the Ming Dynasty.

______ 4. This dynasty included the rulers Kangxi and Qian-long.

______ 5. This dynasty ruled China following the end of Mongol rule.

______ 6. This nation was a vassal state of China during the Qing Dynasty.

______ 7. This Chinese ruler attempted to expand China’s tribute system by sponsoring voyages of exploration.

______ 8. This Chinese ruler moved the Chinese capital to Beijing, where he built the palace complex known as the Forbidden City.

______ 9. This nation’s trade representatives won the favor of Chinese emperors by accepting restrictions on trade, paying tribute, and kowtowing.

______10. This Chinese Muslim explorer led seven voyages of exploration to places such as Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and eastern Africa.

______11. This emperor ruled China for 60 years. He won popularity with the people by reducing government expenses and cutting taxes and won the support of the intellectuals by offering them government positions.
BCR Critical Thinking: Describe some of the aspects of everyday life under China’s Ming and Qing dynasties. Be sure to note some of the changes that affected the Chinese people during this period.

CHAPTER


3.2 SKILLBUILDER PRACTICE Interpreting Graphs

One way to make statistical data easier to understand and interpret is to display the figures in a graph. Line graphs, such as the one below, depict changes that occur over time. Use the information in the graph to answer the questions that follow.

CHAPTER3.2 SKILLBUILDER PRACTICE Interpreting Graphs

3
1. What is the title of this graph? What type of graph is it?

2. What is displayed in the vertical and horizontal axis?

3. What time period does this graph cover?

4. a. What is the projected size of China’s population in the year 2000?


2. b. What is the population projection for the year 2020?

5. You are an advisor to the Chinese government in the year 2000. Government officials are trying to decide among three policies: trying to increase population growth, trying to increase food production, and trying to limit population growth. Which policy or policies would you recommend? Give reasons for your answer.



In your own words, summarize today’s lesson.


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