Worksheet 3: Oyster Catch vs Nutrient Levels in the Chesapeake Bay



Download 50.81 Kb.
Date conversion03.05.2016
Size50.81 Kb.
ECOLOGY DISRUPTED: Chesapeake Bay
Name_________________ Class: ________________ Date: ______________
Worksheet 3: Oyster Catch vs Nutrient Levels in the Chesapeake Bay

Testing the hypothesis that oysters maintain healthy plankton levels in the Bay
Plot and connect your data points on one graph:

  1. 1. Oyster Catch in Relation to Years

  2. 2. Floating Algae to Sea Floor Algae Ratio in Relation to Years



Year

Oyster Catch

(x 105 Metric Tons)




Year

Floating Algae to Sea Floor Algae Ratio

1700

0*

1700

0.877

1800

0*

1766

1.179

1826

0.2

1834

2.943

1883

5.8

1859

2.489

1886

4.3

1896

3.372

1891

6.2




1928

2.666

1916

1.5




1957

6.016

1925

1.9

1968

7.553

1920

1.0




1981

7.931

1935

0.7

* Oyster catches in these years were so small there are no written records




1942

1.4

1946

0.9

1952

0.9




1957

1.2




1965

0.5




1968

1.3




1970

1.0




1972

1.2




1978

0.8




1982

1.0




1984

0.9




1985

0.4




1986

0.6





USE YOUR COMPLETED GRAPH TO ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS:


  1. 1. What was the ratio of floating algae to sea floor algae in 1700?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. 2. How does it compare to the ratio today?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. 3. What does the increase in floating algae indicate about today’s level of nutrient pollution as opposed to the nutrient levels 300 years ago?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. 4. Why do you think the ratio of floating algae to sea floor algae levels in the Bay began to increase around 1750? (Hint: In the 1700s Europeans settlers began to establish farms in the Chesapeake region).

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. 5. Did the increase in the ratio of floating algae to sea floor algae in 1750 have anything to do with the oyster catch? Why or why not?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. 6. The ratio of floating algae to sea floor algae held steady for a very long time at around three and then suddenly increased towards eight starting after 1930. Use your graph to determine what happened to the oyster catch over the same time period.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. 7. How might the decline of oysters lead to the sudden increase in the ratio of floating algae to sea floor algae levels? Use what you know about the role of oysters in the Bay food web to answer this question.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. 8. How does this graph help us to understand how oysters affect the ratio of floating algae to sea floor algae?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. 9. Why are so few oysters being caught today as compared to the end of the 1800s?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. 10. How would you propose to solve the problem of algae overgrowth and also help the oyster industry?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________






Teachers guide and all materials for this lesson can be found on the web at

http://www.amnh.org/explore/xcurriculum-collections/ecology-disrupted/chesapeake-bay/


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page