Works Consulted Battle of Hasting



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Battle of Hasting. N.d. ABC-CLIO: World History. Web. 19 Oct. 2009.
Display.aspx?categoryid=4&entryid=799123&searchtext=battle+of+hasting&type=simple&option=all>.

The battle of Hastings took place in 1066 when the king of England died. Harold the second took

the place of king. William a Norman king save the king life a few years before, and the king

said he could be king. William takes an army and cross the English Channel into England. The

two met of the battlefield of Hastings. Harold had only foot soldiers with shields, sword or

pikes. William had knights, foot soldiers and archers. Harold place his men on a top of a hill

and told his men to form a shield wall. William started the battle by telling his archers to

fire. The archers fired at a wrong angle and the arrows landed short of Harold's men. Then

William ordered his knights to charge. The Calvary charged but the horses took and ran when the

got close to the shield wall. Then William sent his foot soldiers up, they charge into the

shield wall, and hand to hand fighting broke out. Then near the end of the day, William left

flank broke and some of Harold men follow them, the knights saw this and charge over and killed

them. William saw and ordered fake retreat. Many of Harold's men died chasing the retreating

men. Then William ordered his archers to fire on a different angle and this time the arrows hit

Harold's men and one of the arrow hit Harold. The battle was soon over. William had won and

became king of England. The Battle of Hastings ended the Anglo-Saxon rule in England, and began

the new era of Norman rules. 

Battle of Poitiers. N.d. ABC-CLIO: World History. Web. 8 Oct. 2009.
Display.aspx?storyid=1185737&entryid=617101&issublink=true&fromsearch=false>. The picture is

from the Battle of Poitiers from the The Hundred Years' War, that took place on September 19,

1356. The France would lose the battle. The England forces were lead by Edward the Black

Prince. In the Picture it shows England longbow fireing into the French Knights.



Carolingian soldiers. N.d. ABC-CLIO: World History. Web. 16 Oct. 2009.
Display.aspx?storyid=1185681&entryid=1190468&issublink=true&fromsearch=false>. The Picture

is a carven picture, back in the Medieval time art was either painted or carve into a piece of

rock. This carven show Carolingian soldiers with weapons. The men have spears, shields and

armor to protect them when in battle.



German crossbow. N.d. Multimedia Lib. ABC-CLIO: World History. Web. 13 Oct. 2009.
Display.aspx?categoryid=25&searchtext=crossbow&type=simple&option=all&entryid=673901&issublink=true&f
romsearch=false>. The Crossbow was a weapon back in Medieval times. It was the first weapon

that could that could go through Armor. The Picture is a German crossbow around the time of

around the time of 1560. Crossbowmen and Longbowmen usually start a battle by being put in the

front, then firing at the enemy. It usually took out the first line of the enemy, then when the

enemy foot soldier are close, the crossbowmen and longbowmen switch with the foot soldiers.

Half Armor for the Foot Tournament. N.d. ARTstor. Web. 13 Oct. 2009. library/iv2.html?parent=true>. This is a picture of medeival armor for the middle ages. It

was a technology advance back, them because it was tougher for a sword or a speare to kill the

man on horseback.

Horse's armor. N.d. ABC-CLIO: World History. Web. 13 Oct. 2009.
Display.aspx?categoryid=4&entryid=673902&searchtext=armor&type=simple&option=all>. A big

technology advance was armor, which was put on both men and horse. Armor helped protect men and

animals from flying arrows and swinging swords. The Picture is a armor used for a horse's head.

Magna Carta. N.d. National Archives, ABC-CLIO: World History. ABC-CLIO: World History. Web. 26 Oct.
2009. Display.aspx?categoryid=4&entryid=617096&searchtext=magna+carta&type=simple&option=all>. The

Magne Carta was signed by King John of England in 1215. John was force to sign it because of

kings and the Pope. King John was remember for being force to sign the Margne Carta. The

Picture shows the magne carta.



Siege of Jerusalem during the First Crusade. N.d. ABC-CLIO World History. Web. 9 Oct. 2009.
Display.aspx?storyid=1185712&entryid=616451&issublink=true&fromsearch=false>. This picture

is from the first Crusades, when European Christians headed toward the city of Jerusalem to

take back the holy land. In 1099 the chirstians attack the city and won. But a few years later

they lost the city. In the pictrue, it shows Christian men using trebuchet and men using

ladders to climb over wars and moving into the city.

Stacking sheaves of grain on medieval farm. N.d. ABC-CLIO: World History. Web. 19 Oct. 2009.
Display.aspx?categoryid=38&searchtext=serfs&type=simple&option=all&entryid=666746&issublink=true&from
search=false>. The Picture shows serfs caring sheaves of gain to a pile of gain. During the

Middle ages most work on a farm were done by serfs, peasants or slaves. Each years, during the

fall, farmers collect all of their harvest and store it for the long winter and then during the

spring the farmers plant seeds and harvest them during the fall. If it was a bad year for



farming, serfs were in danger of dieing of starvation. The economy also reflected off of the

serfs. 


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