Works Cited definition works Cited



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Works Cited
DEFINITION

Works Cited is a list of sources that you have incorporated within your paper by using the ideas, information, and quotes of others. It is not a list of all the works that you found that addressed your topic. The word “bibliography,” which means a list of the sources consulted and cited in a paper, has been replaced with the term “works cited” in the MLA format.

HOW TO SET UP YOUR PAPER

A Works Cited page must be set up in a very specific format.

  • The Works Cited page should be alphabetized using the first letter of each entry.

  • If you already have all of your sources listed on source cards or note cards, just remove the cards for any source that you do not plan to use in your paper.

  • Arrange the remaining cards in alphabetical order by the first significant word on the bibliography card. (Disregard an, a, and the when they appear as the first word).

  • The alphabetical list of your sources begins with a title centered one inch from the top of the page. After the title, double-space once and begin your list of entries following the forms given below.

  • Each entry begins at the left margin, and any additional lines are indented five spaces or a standard tab key.

  • The list should be double-spaced within each entry and double-spaced between each additional entry.

When a publication or database does not indicate the publisher, the place or date of publication, or the pagination, use the following symbols:

n.p. No place of publication given

n.p. No publisher given

n.d. No date of publication given

n. pag. No pagination given (pages are not numbered)




Books

Source

MLA Format with Example (in bold type)


One author

Last Name of Author, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of

Publication.


Clancy, Tom. Clear and Present Danger. New York: Berkley Books, 1989.


Additional source by same author

Three hyphens. Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.
---. The Hunt for Red October. New York: Berkley Books. 1985.


Two or three authors

Last Name of Author, First Name (1st author), First Name Last Name (2nd author), and
First Name Last Name (3rd author). Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.
Crisfield, Deborah W., and Mark Gola. Winning Soccer for Girls. New York: Facts
on File, 2002.


More than three authors

Last Name, First Name (1st author), et. al. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher,

Year of Publication.




Kieran, John, et al. The Story of the Olympics. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co.,

1977.


Book with one editor

Last Name of Editor, First Name, ed. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of
Publication.
Bloom, Harold, ed. Langston Hughes. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1989.


Book with two editors

Editor Last Name, First Name and Editor First Name Last Name, eds. Title of Book.
City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.

Clark, Anne Rogers, and Andrew H. Brace, eds. International Encyclopedia of Dogs.

NewYork: Howell Book House, 1995.





Article in a well-known reference work, encyclopedia, or dictionary

Last Name, First Name of Author of Article (if given). “Title of Article.” Title of
Reference Book. Edition of Book (if given). Year of Publication.

Deese, David A. “Persian Gulf War.” World Book. 2001 ed.
Courage.” The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989.
Lucretia Coffin Mott.” Encyclopedia of World Biography. 1998.


Article in a reference work or encyclopedia that is not well-known



Last Name, First Name of Author of Article (if given). “Title of Article.” Title of
Reference Book.” Ed. Editor’s First Name Last Name (if given). Volume Number
(if given). City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.

Hillstrom, Laurie Collier. “Dave Matthews Band.” Contemporary Musicians. Ed.
Sean Pollock. Vol. 18. Detroit: Gale, 1997.

Wood, Phyllis. “Angelina Weld Grimke.” Notable Black American Women. Ed.
JessieCarney Smith. Detroit: Gale, 1992.

Iverson, Allen.” Macmillan Profiles: Athletes and Coaches of Winter. New York:


Macmillan, 2000.




Periodicals

Notes: Abbreviate all months except May, June, and July. If the article is not printed on consecutive pages, write only the first page number and add a plus sign. For newspapers that are not nationally known or that do not include the city of publication in their titles, include the city in brackets but do not underline it.




Source

MLA Format with Example


Magazine article with one author
Magazine article with one author (examples)

Last Name of Author, First Name of Author. “Title of Article.” Title of Magazine Day
Month Year of Magazine: Page Numbers.
McGuigan, Cathleen. “Why Should We Care?” Newsweek 12 May 2003: 56.

Elkins, David. “The Overbooked Child: Are We Pushing Our Kids Too Hard?”

Psychology Today Feb. 2003: 64-70.


Hochwald, Lambeth. “The Top Ten Healthiest Companies for Women.” Health
July/August 2003: 148+


Magazine article with two authors

Last Name of Author, First Name of Author, and First Name Last Name of Author.
Title of Article.” Title of Magazine Day Month Year: Page Numbers.
Tumulty, Karen, and James Carney. “Bush’s Fuzzy Science.” Time 10 Sept. 2001:
35.


Editorial in a Magazine

Last Name of Author, First Name of Author. “Title of Editorial.” Editorial. Title of
Magazine Day Month Year: Page Numbers.
Kniffel, Leonard. “Who Wants to Be the First to Go to Jail?” Editorial.
American Libraries Aug. 2002: 46.


Scholarly journal

Last Name, First Name of Author. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume Number

(Year of Publication): Page Numbers.


Wineburg, Sam. “Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts.” Phi Delta
Kappan 80 (1999): 488-99.


Newspaper article

Last Name of Author, First Name of Author (if given). “Title of Article.” Title of
Newspaper [City (if not a part of newspaper title)] Day Month Year, edition (if
given): Section Page.

Jeromack, Paul. “This Once, a David of the Art World Does Goliath a Favor.”
New York Times 13 July 2002, late ed.: B7+

Walker, Andrea K. “Jobless Decline a Sign of Despair.” Sun [Baltimore] 2 Aug.
2003: A1.
Top Americans in Tour de France.” USA Today 23 July 2003: C1.


Newspaper editorial

Last Name of Author, First Name of Author (if given). “Title of Editorial.” Editorial.
Title of Newspaper [City (if not a part of newspaper title)] Day Month Year,
edition (if given): Section Page.

Springsteen’s Empty Sky.” Editorial. Sun [Baltimore] 10 Aug. 2002: A10.




Review in a magazine or newspaper

Last Name, First Name of Reviewer. “Title of Review.” Rev. of Title of Work, by First
Name Last Name of Author/Editor/Director. (If review is of a performance add

information about the production.) Title of Periodical Day Month Year:


Section Page.
McCauley, Mary Carole. "Superstar Has Staying Power Even after 30 Years.”
Rev. of Jesus Christ Superstar, by Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Weber.
Morris A. Mechanic Theatre, Baltimore. Sun [Baltimore] 10 Apr. 2003:
E1.



Miscellaneous Print and Nonprint Sources




Source

MLA Format with Example (in bold type)


Brochure or pamphlet

Last Name, First Name of Author (if given). Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year
of Publication.
Russia (Russian Federation). Orem: CultureGrams, 2001.
Oskar Schindler. Wahington, D. C.: United States Holocaust Museum, n.d.


Television or radio broadcast

Title of Episode or Segment.” Title of Program. Title of Series (if given). Name of

Network. Call Letters, City of Local Station (if given). Broadcast Date.


A Conversation with Amy Tan.” Oprah Winfrey. NBC. WBAL, Baltimore. 3
Jan. 2000.
Johannesburg Earth Summit.” NOW with Bill Moyers. PBS. MPT, Annapolis.
30 Aug. 2002.



Video

Title of Video. Director First Name Last Name. Distributor. Year of Release.
Alexander Solzenitshyn: One Word of Truth. Dir. Peter Lisam. Films

for Humanities, 1983.




CD-ROM

Last Name, First Name of Author (if given). “Title of Article (if given).” Title of
Publication. Publication Medium. City of Publication: Name of

Publisher, Date of Publication.


Schaller, George B. “Gorillas.” World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia. CD ROM.
Chicago: World Book, 2001.
Walters, Gordon, ed. “The Catcher in the Rye.” Masterplots Complete. CD-
ROM. Pasadena: Salem Press, 1999.


Personal interview

Last Name, First Name of Person Interviewed. Kind of Interview (Personal interview
Telephone interview, E-mail interview, etc.). Day Month Year of Interview.
Rami, Pathik. Personal interview. 1 June 2003.



Internet – Non Fee-Based (If you are using a fee-based database via the Internet, refer to the next section for formats.)

Source

MLA Format with Example (in bold type)

Note: For extremely long or complicated web addresses, provide the address of the site’s search page, if available, or the site’s home page.


Professional or personal site

Last Name, First Name of Site Creator (if given). Site Title or, if there is no title,

use a description such as Home page. Day Month Year of latest update (if


given). Name of Institution or Organization Associated with Site (if given).


Day Month Year of Access .

Club Drugs. 25 June 2003. National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1 Aug. 2003.
.

Smith, John. Home page. Mar. 2001. 12 Dec. 2002

sports.html>.


Document within an information database or scholarly project

Last Name of Author, First Name (if given). “Title of Document.” Title of Database.
Day Month Year of Electronic Publication or of Latest update. Name of
Institution/Organization that Sponsors the Site (if given). Day Month Year of
Access. .

“The Greenhouse Gas Effects.” Information Please Almanac. N.d.
13 Jan. 2003 .
Great Depression.” History Channel.com. 2003. A&E Television Networks.
1 Aug. 2003.

Online magazine, journal, or newspaper article

Last Name, First Name of Author (if given). “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Day
Month Year of Publication. Date of Access .
Fording, Laura. “Viruses with a Cause.” Newsweek 20 Mar. 2003. 21 Mar. 2003

.

Alexander, Keith L. “The 21st Century’s Answer to the Wright Brothers.”
washingtonpost.com 5 Aug. 2003. 6 Aug. 2000

2003Aug4.html>.

Fee-Based Databases Accessed Via the Internet


Examples of Databases:


Name of Database: Name of Service: Web Address:
American History ABC-CLIO http://www.americanhistory.abc- clio.com
bigchalk Library ProQuest http://www.bigchalk.com
Literature Online for Schools
(LION) ProQuest http://www.lion-schools.com

Literature Resource Center Gale Group http://galenet.galegroup.com

Opposing Viewpoints Resource
Center Gale Group http://galenet.galegroup.com

SIRS Researcher SIRS Publishing http://sks19.sirs.com
World Geography ABC-CLIO http://www.worldgeography.abc- clio.com

World Book Online Reference World Book http://www.worldbookonline.com

Center



Full-text magazine or newspaper article


Last name, First Name of Author of Article (if given). “Title of Article.” Title of
Magazine Day Month Year of Article: Page Numbers. Name of Database.
Name of Service. Name and Location of Library. Date of Access
address of service’s homepage>.
McDonnell, Patrick J. “INS Ends Life as Separate Agency; Its Absorption by

Homeland Security Raises Concerns.” Los Angeles Times 1 Mar. 2003:


B1. bigchalk Library. ProQuest. Franklin High School Lib.,
Reisterstown, MD. 20 Mar. 2003 .
Busted Big Time.” Maclean’s 16 Dec. 2002: 15. Opposing Viewpoints
Resource Center. Gale Group. Baltimore County Pub. Lib., Perry Hall,
MD. 3 Aug. 2003 .


Essay with no previously published version (ex. biography, study guide)


Title of Article.” Name of Database. Name of Service. Name and Location of Library.

Date of Access .


Benjamin Franklin.” American History. ABC-CLIO. Franklin High School Lib.,

Reisterstown, MD. 26 Feb. 2003


clio.com>.
Maya Angelou (1920- ): Biography.” Literature Online for Schools. ProQuest.

Franklin High School Lib., Reisterstown, MD. 18 Jan. 2003


lion-schools.com>.


Primary document


Document Title (Date of Document).” Name of Database. Name of Service. Name
and Location of Library. Date of Access
page>.
Treaty of Paris (1783).” World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO. Franklin
High School Lib., Reisterstown, MD. 1 Mar. 2003
.


Image, map, audio, video, statistics, timeline


Title of Item.” Medium. Name of Service. Name and Location of Library. Date of

Access .


Constitutional Convention.” Image. American Government. ABC-CLIO.
Franklin High School Lib., Reisterstown, MD. 18 Aug. 2002
americangovernment.abc-clio.com>.


The formats shown above are based on the sixth edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers by Joseph Gibaldi. The examples represent only a sampling of sources and their bibliographic formats.

For information about sources not mentioned here, such as newspaper editorials, government documents, maps, photographs, microforms, etc., consult the latest edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers by Joseph Gibaldi. The website for the Modern Language Association (http://www.mla.org) is also helpful, but provides information for citing Internet resources only.

For a sample of a completed Works Cited sheet, see the reverse side of this page.
Works Cited
Brown, Sloane. “2003 Fall Fundraising Party Calendar.” Sun [Baltimore] 7 Sept. 2003: C5.

Bunch, Bryan, ed. “Cystic Fibrosis.” Diseases. Vol. 3. Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational, 2003.

Christensen, Damaris. “The Persistent Problem of Cystic Fibrosis.” Science News 26 Jan. 2002: 59-60.

“Cystic Fibrosis.” Handbook of Diseases. 2nd ed. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corporation, 2000.



Cystic Fibrosis. 9 Dec. 2002 Yahoo!Health. 9 Sept. 2003. .

Di Santagnese, Paul A. “Cystic Fibrosis of the Pancreas.” Encyclopedia Americana. 2003 ed.

Doull, Iolo J. “Recent Advances in Cystic Fibrosis.” Archives of Disease in Childhood. 1 July 2001: 62+. bigchalk Library. ProQuest. Perry Hall Middle School Lib., Baltimore, MD. 9 Sept. 2003 .

Holtzman, Neil A. “Genetic Testing.” World Book Online Reference Center. World Book. Perry Hall Middle School Lib., Baltimore, MD. 8 Sept. 2003 .

Levitsky, Michael G. “Cystic Fibrosis.” World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia. CD ROM. Chicago: World Book, 2001.

Mestel, Rosie. “Gene Therapy Undergoes a Reevaluation.” Los Angeles Times 12 Nov. 2002: A1+. SIRS Knowledge Source. SIRS Publishing. Perry Hall Middle School Lib., Baltimore, MD. 9 Sept. 2003 .

Shasserre, Jake. Jake’s Cystic Fibrosis Page. n.d. 9 Sept. 2003. .

Tarleton, Timothy. Personal interview. Baltimore, MD 6 Sept. 2003.



What is CF. May 2003. Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. 8 Sept. 2003. .





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