Peace-loving rhetoric of Barack Obama and deeds
In his numerous speeches and statements, U.S. President Barack Obama claims that he wants a foreign policy that looks forward, not backward. Behind this assertion lies not more than an attempt to disown his predecessors, primarily from the hawk-Bush, and an attempt to burnish his image of a peacemaker. During a speech in Cairo in early June, U.S. President tried to please all the countries of the Middle East. He spoke of the need for a Palestinian state, the unacceptability of the construction of Jewish settlements, the right of Iran to the peaceful atom, and made a pledge to completely withdraw its troops from Iraq and Afghanistan. At the same time, Barack Obama said that relations between the U.S. and Israel would remain "inviolable". And from Hamas, which the U.S. recognize as the terrorist, demanded to comply with existing agreements and recognize Israel's right to exist.
Barack Obama argues that his approach to relations with Muslim countries will be radically different from the approach of the previous Bush administration, which all the forces are trying to spread Western values in the Arab world. "We are not going to force countries to accept our values, teaching them, or using military means", - said the U.S. leader in the U.S. Air National Public Radio.
It's all a beautiful statement. A real case? In a special statement on 21 May, dedicated to issues of national security, the U.S. president said that "Al-Qaida plans to attack us again. We know that this threat will haunt us for a long time, and we must use all means available to us to win it ... Now let me be clear: We are at war with al-Qaida and groups with it. We need to modernize our institutions involved in combating this threat. "
And as implied, that Al Qaeda is in Afghanistan and neighboring countries, then what talk could there be about the withdrawal of U.S. troops. According to ITAR-TASS, June 25, U.S. President Barack Obama signed into law the allocation of an additional 106 billion dollars (!) to continue the war in Afghanistan and Iraq for the period until October 1.
Here you have it and peacefulness.
In Afghanistan, the U.S. military ruthlessly destroys the civilian population. On June 19, United States Central Command announced the findings of the investigation, based on which it was forced to confirm that in early May from the airstrikes in western Afghanistan 26 civilians had been killed. In this case the military did not rule out that this figure may be higher. Afghan authorities also allege that the May 4 bombing killed 140 civilians.
USA graciously permits Iran to have a peaceful nuclear program. At the same time, the head of the White House says Iran should accede to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. And in general, in this thread "we need to show toughness." "This issue affects not only U.S. interests, but also directly relates to the prevention of a arms nuclear race in the Middle East" - Obama said in his speech in Cairo.
Barack Obama point blank "does not notice" that its strategic ally Israel, which has up to 200 nuclear warheads, is not going to comply to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. On the eve of his visit to Russia in an interview with Novaya Gazeta, Barack Obama said: "We seek to create a missile defense system that will protect the United States and Europe from Iranian ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads." He stressed that the United States "is not building and will not build a system to defend against attacks from Russia" (Rosbalt, 5.07.09).
Here are two points. First, continuing confrontational line toward Iran. And, secondly, an elementary attempt to misinform the public, because anything other than violations of the strategic balance of strategic nuclear capabilities of the United States and Russia in favor of the United States, placing the U.S. missile defense bases in Poland and the Czech Republic, cannot be held.
In connection with the missile launches and nuclear tests in North Korea, Barack Obama, considers North Korea as a threat to national security including homeland (?!), and is for another year to continue economic sanctions imposed by George Bush against the DPRK.
After meeting with South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak at the White House 16.06, Barack Obama said that North Korea's nuclear ambitions pose a "serious threat" to the world and promised to "turn the tide.
The Government's weekly DPRK Tongil Sinbo states: "All this is no coincidence - that the U.S. has deployed in South Korea and adjacent regions countless weapons, daily conducts war preparations against North Korea, they are only waiting for a pretext to invade."
Southern neighbor, is convinced North Korea is constantly trying to provoke a new conflict on the peninsula and that is why it has recently been increasing its naval group in the Yellow Sea.
There - threatening the growth of international tension and the continuation of the aggressive U.S. policy under the guise of arguments about peace of Barack Obama. Attempts by U.S. imperialism to find a way out of the crisis, which it himself instigated, is pushing mankind to the danger line with a new war. A few words about Barack Obama's visit to Moscow 6-8.07 and talks with Medvedev and V. Putin. During this visit, documents signed included: the Framework Agreement on Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms; intergovernmental agreement on the transit of weapons, military equipment, military equipment and personnel of the U.S. armed forces through Russia to Afghanistan, a framework document to promote cooperation between the armed forces of Russia, and the U.S. decided to create a Russo-American Presidential Commission on Development Cooperation which Mrs. Clinton and Lavrov will be in charge of, and memorandum between the Ministries of Health of Russia and the United States and some other documents.
The main conclusion of this meeting, negotiations and signed documents can be done next. The U.S. is increasingly tying Russia to its war chariot, in particular, on Afghanistan. As calculated in the White House, the signed agreement on military transit would allow the U.S. savings on fuel only per year of $ 133 million. By signing of this agreement, Russia assumes all responsibility for deaths of Afghan civilians at the hands of the US-NATO military, in fact, becomes an accomplice of the armed occupation of Afghanistan and all perpetrated on its soil crimes. As noted in a joint press conference of presidents on the basis of Russia-US talks, U.S. President Barack Obama, the United States and Russia, there is mutual understanding on issues concerning North Korea and Iran, which, according to Barack Obama, violate and fail to comply with their international obligations . And the U.S. president thanked Russia for "participation in a UN resolution that is taking serious steps against North Korea." In the framework agreement on reducing strategic offensive weapons, is scheduled that they will be reduced by about one-third and the treaty must be signed in December. At the same time the U.S. made no concessions with regard to the third position area of missile defense, which they intend to deploy in Poland and the Czech Republic, except for a reservation that the issue of a new U.S. administration is being investigated and Russia's government will be brought to U.S. evaluation at the end of summer. Also president of the U.S. typically responded that this missile defense system is not aimed against Russia but against ballistic missiles of third countries, against the threat "posed by Iran, North Korea or any other state, not from Russia." President of the United States knows that Iran and North Korea have currently no long-range missiles capable of reaching U.S. territory. So all this talk about mythical threats, is no more than a verbal ploy. This third missile defense is aimed against Russia, from which I should proceed.
So the second conclusion of the talks can be done next. It seems that the current U.S. president Barack Obama plays role of a man that throws dust in the eyes of their main strategic rivals: Russia (and China). Barack Obama with his pacifist rhetoric should weaken the vigilance of Russia's leadership, to reduce its strategic nuclear missile potential, which is the only deterrent to the aggressive ambitions of U.S. imperialism at the same time, under cover of peace talks, to continue the further encirclement of Russia by their bases, troops, and the areas of ABM, achieving over 4 years of an Obama presidency a total military superiority over Russia and reduced to zero (in terms of possible retaliatory nuclear strike from Russia), the value of its strategic forces. And the next U.S. president (January 2013) will be tasked with the full occupation of Russia under the threat of irreparable damage and total defeat. (An excuse for a military conflict is always possible to find).
Ukraine, as has been noted, was the most unprepared for the crisis. More precisely, the global financial and economic crisis has only revealed the lack of talent and irresponsibility, anti-people and anti-national character of the bourgeois power in Ukraine. Even in the pre-crisis in 2008 the Ukrainian economy was only 74.1% of the 1990 production of steel, rolled products, pipes, building materials, cement, electric power and during the years of capitalist reforms in Ukraine has decreased by 1,5 - 2 times. The share of industry in GDP for the period declined from 60% to 1 / 3, ie, almost 2-fold, while the share of machinery in the industrial structure - from 1 / 3 to 13%, ie, almost 3 times. This shows the complete de-industrialization of the country. In fact, the vast majority of enterprises, system utilities, infrastructure - all this somehow worked at the facilities established in Soviet times. But the Soviet resource is already over. Then our whole economy, infrastructure and utility systems await total collapse.
Ukraine's accession to the WTO in the past year has led to the fact that light industry, has almost gone. On the brink of destruction lies the whole agricultural sector. Meat livestock of which we have virtually none, the market is littered with poor-quality foreign products. Meat and milk production has been reduced, the cows slaughtered for meat, because they have nothing to feed them. On the verge of extinction – is the sugar industry. Sugar production in the past year compared with 1990 decreased by more than 3 times and amounted to 30,4% from 1990 levels as specialists remind us, Latvia and Slovenia after joining the WTO and the EU are totally deprived of its sugar production. Obviously, the same fate awaits Ukraine.
During the reign of the bourgeois orange regime, led by President Yushchenko, the situation of workers of Ukraine has worsened. Ukraine's external debt (public and corporate) for the period from early 2005 through October 2008 increased almost 4,5 times - from $ 23,8 billion to $ 105,4 billion (including approximately 90 corporate billion dollars). About $ 40 billion of corporate debt (debt of all kinds of private enterprises, corporations and banks) are short-term loans, ie, must be repaid before the end of the year. Financial analysts note that if at least half of this debt is not to restructured, Ukraine is waiting for financial collapse.
The Government of Y. Tymoshenko took loans from the IMF, saying that they go to the needs of the domestic economy. In fact, this is not true. Banks and private corporations are calculated for their own foreign debts. As a result, for 6 months, approximately $ 10 billion has been taken out of Ukraine.
At the same time, due to anti-people policies of the authorities, policies directed at the full profit of the bourgeoisie and the bankers, Ukraine has suffered the greatest losses from the global financial crisis.
So, according to the Interstate Statistical Committee of CIS, the largest decline in industrial production for January-April, compared with the same period last year, registered in Ukraine, and amounted to 31,9% (second in the fall - Moldova = 25,7%, in Russia -- 14,9%). The maximum annual inflation over the same period, again in the Ukraine = 19,1% (in Russia - 13,6%).
The same figure for falling industrial production, equal to 31,9%, was recorded by the State Statistical Committee of Ukraine on the results of the first five months of the year. The largest decline in May this year, compared with May last, recorded in the engineering industry - 53%, construction materials production - 44,3%, metallurgy - 43,4%, wood processing - 36,8%, light industry, chemicals and petrochemicals - 33 , 1%. This, including the "success" of the Government of Yulia Timoshenko.
The authorities themselves were forced to admit that Lawlessness has become the norm in the face of the Human Rights Ombudsman Nina Karpachova, who on June 24 made a speech in the Verkhovna Rada with the traditional annual report "State of observance and protection of human rights and freedoms in Ukraine". According to the Ombudsman, if you use the European criteria for poverty measurement, in Ukraine among the poor should include 70% of the total population. Today in Ukraine there are 1 million unemployed people (we are fully aware that these are people registered at employment centers, ie, the so-called official unemployed, but the real unemployment rate, based on still registered as working and sent on compulsory leave at their own expense, is many times greater than this figure). 9 people apply for each job in the Ukraine. And in Khmelnytsky, Cherkasy, Ivano-Frankivsk region. - from 40 to 50 people. Especially in poor condition were people in rural areas. As a result of the so-called land reform there is no development of villages, but only their destruction. Already nearly 11 million hectares of arable land have been removed from rotation. There is a growing migration from rural areas, 25% of settlements in rural areas are classified as degraded. The extinction of the rural population is three times faster than in 1900 (?!). But the predatory and illegal redistribution of land is increasingly accompanied by injury and even death.
In the queue for an apartment now now stand 1 million 300 thousand families. However, for the construction of social housing not a penny has been allocated (despite a law adopted in 2006), and the vast majority of workers' will not seen housing until the end of his days.
Workers cannot find protection for their rights in the courts. In 90 cases out of 100 the paragraph of the European Convention on Human Rights to a fair trial is violated. This figure confirms a well-known position of Marxism-Leninism that the bourgeois state and its legal system faithfully serve and protect the interests of the exploiting class. Truth and justice do not win in the courts, but only money and power. The situation is even worse in law enforcement. If in 2007 the Ombudsman filed 1428 complaints of torture and ill-treatment in police custody the and penal system. This year alone registered 1,922 complaints. It is clear that these figures are only the tip of the iceberg, displaying the anti-humane nature of the current judicial system, as well as the bourgeois system as a whole.
WORKERS FIGHT FOR THEIR RIGHTS
The many months of unpaid wages, soaring prices for food, basic commodities, the growth of tariffs for housing and transport services has led to the fact that people of the Ukraine have begun to realize - the ruling bourgeois regime is not needed. From them there is no help, neither by Yushchenko nor Tymoshenko nor Yanukovych, who are engaged in only one thing - to politically secure maximum profit and surplus profits for its financial-industrial groups, as in the current crisis - to save their own capitalists from ruin and collapse.
Workers in Ukraine have finally begun to realize that they must fight for their lives, for the survival of their families, just for survival and rescue from death by starvation.
In the struggle for their rights, many labor groups have arisen. These are the Kherson Combine (now - Engineering) plant, "Dnepropress", "Odessa" Pressmash ", Lvov Bus, Vinnitsa Tractor units, Sevastopol Marine, Kharkov Tractor (HTZ), im. Malysheva, TG Shevchenko etc.
True, the struggle is still rather clumsy and timid. And the bourgeoisie, at the same time, cleverly split the ranks of militant workers.
As we have been told by our leader from Kherson, at the Kherson machine works, some of the workers (about 300 people.), were again reinstated at work. And a month later one of the activists of the strike committee under a false pretext was dismissed. Aggressive flare up by the workers was shot down. Labor groups are being split, wages paid out in installments, directors of enterprises are replaced and the incoming new leader said he is not responsible for the old debts, etc., etc.
On the work of the All-Ukrainian Union of Workers (VSR).
On April 25 VSR (A.V.Bondarchuk) held an all-Ukrainian conference of labor collectives, which established a permanent Committee of fighting labor collectives of Ukraine. The committee's main task is to unite the labor collectives in the struggle for their rights in order to ensure common interests across the country, international support and solidarity.
We can assume that this conference and the Committee formed of struggling labor collectives of Ukraine is the first step towards unification of the labor movement on an All-Ukrainian scale. Although, of course, the VSR has some difficulties. According to the VSR Soviet Order of 20 June ( "RK” 23 (462)), positive results in the work are only been seen at three regional VSR Soviets: Dnepropetrovsk, Kharkov and Kherson. And, strangely enough, deploy the active work of the VSR in the workforce is being prevented by the Communist Party of Ukraine. It should be noted that the last few years, the relationship of the VSR and Communist Party has became increasingly strained. It has led it to what has already happened twice in the face of leadership CPU P. Symonenko tried to dismiss comrade A.V. Bondarchuk from the post of Chairman of the VSR. And on June 21, by order of P. Symonenko, frustrated the publication of next issue of the “RK” newspaper at editorial offices (“RK" 24 (463)).
This is due, in my opinion, to the following reasons.
VSR was initially created as a representative of the Communist Party of Ukraine in the working class. And created with one aim: to involve the working class, working people of Ukraine on a path of parliamentary struggle, ie, to vote for the Communist Party of Ukraine and its leadership in the center and in the localities and personally for P. Simonenko. That is, the VSR has been established in order to prevent the transition of the working class over to a revolutionary path to struggle. But life, nonetheless, prevailed. Since not all organizations of VSR and the editorial Working Class (RK) (organ of the VSR) were under the close supervision of the parliamentary bureaucracy CPU, then real life began to penetrate onto the pages of the newspaper. Gradually, revolutionary slogans and appeals began sounding out. And we, Bolsheviks, characterized the VSR and "Working Class" as the left wing of the Communist Party. But, nevertheless, before the election, Comrade. Bondarchuk, assisted by the Soviet of VSR always proposed voting for P.P. Simonenko and the CPU. However, the people of Ukraine are ever more on their own experience convinced of the futility of the parliamentary path of struggle, which is offered to them by the CPU. The rating of the CPU went down. There are fewer representatives of the CPU in the Supreme Council and local authorities. The CPU, its Central Committee headed by P. Simonenko has become, in essence, indentured servants of various factions of the major bourgeoisie, in the center and in the localities. The top echelons of the CPU sit comfortably in a highly paid parliamentary seats, the leadership in the localities (first secretaries of district, city and above) receive a salary. Why should they want a revolution? They are living well.
VSR and the same "Working Class" gradually shifted to the left. In the newspaper began to appear increasingly more articles with Bolshevik revolutionary content, exposing the parliamentary system and calling for the working class, working people of Ukraine to rise to the revolutionary struggle for liberation from exploitation and oppression. When direct criticism of P. Symonenko and the leadership of the CPU for parliamentarism started, then began the persecution of workers and activists. One such example is the expulsion of the leader of the Dnipropetrovsk regional VSR Soviet comrade. A.A. Simvolokova from the ranks of the CPU, the constant persecution and harassment A.V. Bondarchuk, attempts to stifle the newspaper of VSR "Working Class", etc. Regarding the expulsion of comrade Simvolokova we can say the following: the opportunists are purging themselves of revolutionaries. As a result, the CPU is more immersed in the quagmire of opportunism and parliamentarism. And the real job of leaders freed from the hands of a barren inner struggle is really necessary for practical work in the labor movement.
On state capitalism.
A great response was received in the communist movement and on the leftist paper the article by P. Symonenko "State capitalism - a tool for an anti-crisis policy of Ukraine. For us, the Bolsheviks, this question has long been understood. We have considered it, studying the problems of the New Economic Policy. Why was V.I. Lenin and the Bolshevik Party forced to introduce NEP. The Civil War had ended. Russia lay in ruins. Industry, transport, agriculture had been destroyed. In the country in that period, as Lenin pointed out, there were 5 patterns: patriarchal, small-scale, capitalist (small private capital), state-capitalist and socialist (PSS, v. 43, p. 158, Russian). And he emphasized that for the restoration of industry and agriculture, the revival of trade and transport, to temporarily retreat was needed to allow private capital, state capitalism, but under the control of the Soviet state. "State capitalism - what is it? - Lenin asked, and answers: - It is the amalgamation of small production. Capital combines small-scale production, capital grows from small-scale production. It is no blind eye ... If there is a small economy, if there is freedom of exchange - there is capitalism. But is that capitalism is terrifying for us, if we in our hands are the factories, transport and foreign trade? And I think ... ... we do not need to be afraid of this capitalism. Thus capitalism is the concession .... And let small-scale industry develop to a certain extent, let them develop state capitalism – this is not terrible to Soviet power; it should look at things directly, calling them by their names, but it should control it, to determine the extent of this. We are not afraid of concessions, if we give the concessionaires a few plants, keeping most of them for ourselves, it is not scary. Of course, it would be absolutely absurd, if Soviet power a large part of what it owns, distributed it in concessions as for then there would be no concessions left, but a return to capitalism. Concessions are not terrible, as long as we keep in our hands all state enterprises and weigh precisely and how much and under what conditions we can give in the form of concessions, and in what amounts. Capitalism, which grows in this way, is under control, accounting, and state power remains in the hands of the working class and the working state. We are not afraid of that capital, which will be in the form of concessions, and one that will inevitably grow through cooperatives, through free trade; we must strive to develop and improve the situation of the peasantry, and we must exert all efforts so that it was in the interests of the working class. All that can be done to improve the peasant economy, for local turnover, while at the same time calculating the national economy so that large-scale socialist industry recovered faster than ever before - all this with the help of the concessions we will do earlier than without concessions; with the help of recovered peasant farming we will do this sooner than when absolutely needed, which has been the case in the peasant economy until now "(Lenin, PSS, 43, p.158-161).
As we have seen, Lenin, speaking of capitalism, had in mind primarily the concession, where an individual enterprise is given to the concessionaires, i.e. big business, but is given under the supervision of the workers' state. A workers' state is in possession of large-scale industry, transport, land, banks, foreign trade. A specific contract is signed with a concessionaire, when it produces products coming onto the market, therefore, saturates the market with necessary goods, and some of the profit is left to him. And all this, I repeat once again, under the supervision of the workers' state. P. Symonenko offers the same state capitalism when the power is in the hands of the bourgeoisie. He proposes to the bourgeoisie, our Ukrainian bourgeoisie take large-scale strategic enterprises under its control, into the state ownership of the bourgeois state, which in this case will act as a collective bourgeois owner. Get your profits, but do not forget to pay the salaries of the working class. I.e. P. Symonenko acts as an ordinary social democrat, not a Communist, as a defender of the bourgeois system. And, speaking of state capitalism, it is necessary to note the following. In the work, "The Tax" (PSS, v. 43, p. 205-245), V.I. Lenin said: "Socialism is inconceivable without large-scale engineering based on the latest discoveries of modern science, without planned state organizations subordinating tens of millions of people to the strictest observance of a unified standard in production and distribution" (s.210). And further, Lenin said that in the world by 1918 were born "two disparate halves of socialism, namely: "Germany and Russia embodied in themselves in 1918, the most striking material realization of economic, industrial, socio-economic conditions, on the one hand, and political conditions of socialism, on the other "(s.211). "... Germany. Here we have the "last word" in modern large-scale capitalist engineering and planned organization, subordinated to Junker-bourgeois imperialism. Throw out the italic words, put in place of the military, cadets, bourgeois, imperialist state, a state too, but of a different social type, of another class content, a Soviet state, i.e. proletarian, and you will have the sum conditions, which gives socialism "(p. 210). "State-monopoly capitalism is a complete material preparation for socialism, the threshold of it, that rung of the ladder of history between which the (step) and the step called socialism, there are no intermediate rungs" (P.213).
Thus, the combination of modern scale capitalist economy in the service of the proletariat, the proletarian state and under the control of the latter, that's what gives a total of socialism. Without the dictatorship of the proletariat, state capitalism will remain. There can be no talk here of socialism. It is namely such a "small part" as a proletarian state that he, P.Simonenko "misses" out in his speeches. But this connection is possible only after a socialist revolution and the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat, i.e. a proletarian state. State capitalism in our country has not gained any significant development. Based on the introduction of free trade and the replacement of the surplus tax in kind, we have received development of the private capitalist way of life. And already at the XI Party Congress, in 1922, i.e., exactly one year after the proclamation of NEP, Lenin said: "We have retreated for a year. We must now say on behalf of the party: it is enough! "(PSS, 45, p.87)," The retreat was over, the case is now in the regrouping of forces "(ibid., pp. 92). The XIV Congress of the Party (1925) announced a policy of industrialization, XV (1927) - a policy on the collectivization of agriculture. The party began a major offensive against the capitalist elements in town and countryside, as well as in trade. By the mid 30-s our country had completely done away with the remnants of the private ownership of means of production and created a framework for the socialist mode of production, the economic base of which is public property, but a political one - the dictatorship of the proletariat in the form of Soviet power. From that moment began the development of the socialist mode of production on an adequate economic base.
And already at the eighteenth (1939), and then after the war, on the nineteenth (1952) Party Congress, questions began to be raised about the gradual transition to the construction of communist society. The most complete disclosure of these issues were prominent in the works J.V. Stalin's Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR" (1952),"Marxism and Problems of Linguistics” (1950).
At the same time, state capitalism, in bourgeois Germany had led to fascism, as the most reactionary form of dictatorship of the bourgeoisie at its imperialist stage.
It can be concluded that the article by P. Symonenko on state capitalism finally completed the ideological and theoretical slide of the CPU into the swamp of opportunism and the transformation of the party in the petty-bourgeois sevant of various fractions of big capital.