Window on the Past Walter Cheadle characterizes Mr. O. B. as



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Window on the Past
1. Walter Cheadle characterizes Mr. O.B. as

a. an expert woodsman.

b. a dishonest person.

c. brave and hardworking.

d. a ne'er do well.
2. During Cheadle's travel, the hot weather leads to

a. extreme heat exhaustion for the men.

b. night travel to stay cool.

c. a brush fire.

d. the death of a packhorse.
3. Mr. O.B. is greatly afraid of

a. fire.


b. bears.

c. moose.

d. drowning.
4. While crossing the Fraser River,

a. Mr. O.B. is swept away and drowns.

b. a horse is swept away and drowns.

c. Mr. O.B. runs away from a bear.

d. some pemmican and flour are soaked.
5. By mid-August, food is so scarce that the travellers are forced to

a. eat berries.

b. return to Tãte Jaune Cache.

c. kill and eat their horses.

d. eat a skunk.
6. Once Cheadle and Milton reach Victoria, they spend some time there and then

a. return to tour the goldfields.

b. leave for San Francisco.

c. seek employment on the mainland.

d. decide to become gold miners.
Timeline
1. Which of the following events occurred first?

a. The Oregon Treaty is signed.

b. The Reciprocity Treaty is signed with the United States.

c. The American Civil War begins.

d. The Grand Trunk Railway is completed.
2. Which of the following events occurred first?

a. The Quebec Conference is held.

b. The Charlottetown Conference is held.

c. The London Conference is held.

d. Canada becomes a Dominion.
3. Which of the following events occurred last?

a. The Colony of British Columbia is created.

b. The Charlottetown Conference is held.

c. The Reciprocity Treaty is signed with the United States.

d. The American Civil War ends.

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4. Which of the following events occurred last?

a. James Douglas becomes Governor of Vancouver Island.

b. Canada becomes a Dominion.

c. The Great Coalition is formed.

d. The American Civil War begins.


5. Which of the following events are out of sequence?

a. Lord Durham's Report is issued.

b. Rebellions take place in Upper and Lower Canada.

c. The Oregon Treaty is signed.

d. The Potato Famine devastates Ireland.
6. Which of the following events are out of sequence?

a. The colony of British Columbia is created.

b. The American Civil War begins.

c. The Charlottetown Conference is held.

d. The Great Coalition is formed.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In the 19th century,

a. workers were paid well.

b. people worked long hours.

c. unemployed workers received government assistance.

d. workers usually lived in comfortable homes.
2. The official church in colonial Canada was the

a. Anglican Church.

b. Presbyterian Church.

c. Methodist Church.

d. Roman Catholic Church.
3. Because most people went to church regularly,

a. all churches were very wealthy.

b. most churches assisted poor members.

c. churches often controlled education.

d. both b) and c)
4. Native peoples did not

a. contend with land speculators.

b. defend the terms of their treaties.

c. make land claims.

d. assimilate into White society.
5. The outlook of the Victorian Era was typically

a. grim.


b. optimistic.

c. pessimistic.

d. frivolous.
6. Victorians were generally obsessed with

a. universal education.

b. social status.

c. tolerance for others.

d. solving social problems.
7. In Victorian times, a tan was seen as a sign of

a. health.

b. high social status.

c. low social status.

d. illness.

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8. Victorian houses tended to be

a. small and simple.

b. without decoration.

c. cluttered and overdone.

d. open and sparsely furnished.


9. During operations, it was quite common for 19th-century surgeons to

a. use sterilized instruments.

b. scrub before touching the patient.

c. wear gloves and masks.

d. smoke cigarettes.
10. Louis Pasteur used an antiseptic, which was called

a. Listerine.

b. lysolic acid.

c. carbolic acid.

d. carbonic acid.
11. Which of the following was a popular Victorian entertainment?

a. movies

b. blood sports

c. basketball

d. listening to recorded music
12. In the 19th century, many disabled or handicapped people

a. received a government pension.

b. received free medical care.

c. were considered insane.

d. found jobs as "freaks" in circuses.
13. Which of the following did not exist in the 19th century?

a. movies

b. radio

c. television

d. all of these
14. Transportation in Canada became much easier for everyone when

a. canals were built.

b. steamship routes were established on the Great Lakes.

c. railways were built.

d. steam tractors were used to build paved roads.
15. Nineteenth-century newspapers did not have

a. a sports section.

b. news items.

c. advertisements.

d. self-help articles.
16. When the British government repealed the Corn Laws in 1846,

a. Canadian farmers prospered.

b. it had little impact in Canada.

c. Canadian merchants threatened to rebel.

d. Canada entered an economic depression.
17. In 1847, the British government instructed Lord Elgin to

a. maintain rule by the governor.

b. create a more dependent Canada.

c. establish responsible government in Canada.

d. impose rule by the Executive Council.

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18. Lord Elgin signed The Rebellion Losses Bill because he

a. approved of its provisions.

b. could not veto a bill.

c. was held hostage by rebels.

d. wanted to annoy the Tories.


19. When the Rebellion Losses Bill was passed, opponents

a. burned the parliament buildings.

b. assassinated Lord Elgin.

c. established a proxy government.

d. kidnapped Lord Elgin's wife.
20. Which of the following was not an advantage of Confederation?

a. It promised economic prosperity.

b. It could make Canada stronger than the United States.

c. It would allow for more efficient government.

d. It could remove intercolonial tariffs.
21. The doctrine of Manifest Destiny promoted the belief that the United States should

a. control all of British North America.

b. rejoin the British Empire.

c. sell Alaska to the Russians.

d. form an economic union with Canada.
22. During the drive for Confederation, the American threat to British North America was heightened by the

a. Reciprocity Treaty.

b. Mexican-American War.

c. American Civil War.

d. Spanish-American War.
23. During the drive for Confederation, the term loose fish was applied to

a. disaffected Maritime voters.

b. political independents.

c. irregular aquatic animals.

d. supporters of the double majority.
24. The term representation by population meant that

a. each colony should have responsible government.

b. each representative should represent about the same number of people.

c. Canada East and Canada West should have the same number of representatives.

d. the Legislative Council should be elected.
25. The political party that supported the concept of "representation by population" was the

a. parti rouge.

b. Tories.

c. Clear Grits.

d. parti bleu.
26. The leader of the parti bleu was

a. Robert Gourlay.

b. Louis-Joseph Papineau.

c. John A. Macdonald.

d. George-ätienne Cartier.
27. The leader of the Clear Grits was

a. Robert Baldwin.

b. George Brown.

c. John A. Macdonald.

d. David George.

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28. The leader of the Tories was

a. John A. Macdonald.

b. George Brown.

c. George-ätienne Cartier.

d. David George.


29. The term double majority meant that, in order to be passed in the Legislative Assembly, a bill had to

a. be voted on twice, with an interval of one month.

b. have majority support in both Canada East and Canada West.

c. be supported by both the Clear Grits and the Tories.

d. be signed by both the governor and the British monarch.
30. The original purpose of the Charlottetown Conference was for delegates to

a. discuss union between the Maritime colonies and Canada.

b. work out a tariff on all fish products.

c. discuss Dominion status for the Maritime colonies.

d. discuss a union of the Maritime colonies.
31. The Fenian Raids were attacks by

a. American soldiers to annex Canada.

b. Irish nationalists on Canada.

c. Irish nationalists on Holland.

d. Irish nationalists on the United States.
32. The Fenian Raids convinced

a. most Canadians to reject Confederation as a bad idea.

b. Britain to expel all Irish immigrants and settlers.

c. many Canadians that Confederation was necessary.

d. Britain to declare war on the United States.
33. The purpose of the Quebec Conference was to

a. ask the British to grant Dominion status to Canada.

b. convince the Americans to form a union with Canada.

c. draw up the terms of Confederation.

d. discuss the concept of Confederation.
34. The two colonies that rejected the seventy-two resolutions passed at the Quebec Conference were

a. Canada and Prince Edward Island.

b. Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland.

c. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

d. Newfoundland and New Brunswick.
35. Under the British North America Act, the head of state in Canada is

a. the prime minister.

b. the British monarch.

c. the governor general.

d. the president of the senate.
36. Under the British North America Act, which of the following is a provincial responsibility?

a. maintenance of hospitals

b. coinage and currency

c. fisheries

d. postal service
37. Under the British North America Act, which of the following is a provincial responsibility?

a. banking

b. unemployment insurance

c. municipal institutions

d. defence

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38. Under the British North America Act, which of the following is a federal responsibility?

a. timber

b. navigation and shipping

c. administration of justice

d. education


39. Under the British North America Act, which of the following is a federal responsibility?

a. the census

b. business licenses

c. education

d. incorporation of companies
40. What responsibility do the federal and provincial governments share under the British North America Act?

a. currency

b. education

c. navigation

d. taxation
Short Answer Questions
1. Describe how Native peoples were unfairly treated in Canada in the 19th century. In your response, refer to the concepts of assimilation and Native land claims, and describe what happened to Native culture and languages.
2. "Victorian social attitudes were greatly different from social attitudes today." Evaluate this statement, and provide reasons to support your position(s).
3. Identify four ways in which railways were important to the development of Canada in the 19th century.
4. Describe five advantages of Confederation.
5. Explain how the Great Coalition helped to achieve Confederation.
6. Describe how the British North America Act divided power between the federal and provincial governments. Include examples of specific areas that both levels of government controlled. Was this what Macdonald had envisioned? Explain.
7. What did the American Civil War indicate about the strength of the US federal union? Identify three ways in which fear of American actions and attitudes contributed to the achievement of Confederation.
8. Identify three reasons why Newfoundland did not join Confederation in the 19th century.
Skills Questions

[Teacher: Provide copy of Figure 2-12, Horizons, p. 65. OMIT CAPTION]
Use the copy of the photograph provided to answer the questions below.
1. Identify three or more examples of unhygienic conditions.
2. Discuss why the statement "the operation was a success, but the patient died" was accurate for much of the 19th century.

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[Teacher: Provide a copy of Using an Editorial as a Primary Source, Horizons, p. 66]
Use the primary source provided to answer the questions below.
3. Identify at least three reasons why women should be admitted to university.
4. Explain why the author does not provide many reasons for the university's refusal to admit the female student.

[Teacher: Provide copy of Figure 2-26, Horizons, p. 80]

[Note: Students will need calculators for these questions]
Use the map provided to answer the questions below. You will need a calculator.
5. What was the largest category of forest product shipped through Saint John?
6. In which maritime colony was forestry least important?
7. Of the total value of forest products shipped to Great Britain (á1 742 665), what percentage came from Canada? from the maritime colonies?
8. Contrast the economic importance of timber to Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. What would this indicate to you about the state of the forest industry in these two colonies?

[Teacher: Provide copy of primary sources, Viewpoints in Conflict, Horizons, p. 81]
Use the primary sources provided to answer the questions below.
9. Identify five reasons why Joseph Howe opposes Confederation.
10. Identify five reasons why John A. Macdonald promotes Confederation.

[Teacher: Provide copy of Primary Sources, Horizons, p. 86 and 87]
Use the primary sources provided to answer the questions below.
11. What three kinds of public works cannot be undertaken by provincial governments?
12. Which level of government, federal or provincial, has more powers? Provide examples to support your answer.
13. How can section 3 of "The Powers of the National Government" of the BNA Act be considered dangerous?

(c) 2000, Prentice Hall Ginn Canada. All rights reserved.

PAGE 1
ANSWER KEY FOR TEST - UNTITLED
Window on the Past
1. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 1


2. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 2


3. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 3


4. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 4


5. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 5


6. a

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 6


Timeline
1. a

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 1


2. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 2


3. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 3


4. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 4


5. a/b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 5


6. c/d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 6


Multiple Choice Questions
1. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 1


2. a

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 2


3. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 3


4. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 4


5. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 5


6. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 6

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7. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 7


8. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 8


9. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 9


10. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 10


11. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 11


12. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 12


13. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 13


14. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 14


15. a

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 15


16. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 16


17. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 17


18. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 18


19. a

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 19


20. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 20


21. a

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 21


22. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 22


23. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 23


24. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 24


25. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 25


26. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 26


27. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 27

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28. a

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 28


29. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 29


30. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 30


31. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 31


32. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 32


33. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 33


34. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 34


35. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 35


36. a

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 36


37. c

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 37


38. b

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 38


39. a

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 39


40. d

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 40


Short Answer Questions
1. Native peoples in Canada tended to be overlooked, unless their land was needed or they were needed for labour. Native peoples had been forced onto reserves, most of them outside main settlement areas. But disputes over land became common as miners and settlers required more land to explore and farm. Even though treaties had been signed, prospectors often ignored boundaries of Native lands. As demand for farmland grew, Native peoples were pressured to sell or rent their best land to Europeans. Because their way of life had been disrupted and many Native people had became impoverished, they had little choice. Native land-claim disputes became common, however, and persist to this day. Native peoples were under extreme pressure to assimilate, but they preserved their customs and languages.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 1


2. Agreement: Victorian Canadians believed in imperialist superiority, but today Canadians value social equality. Victorian Canadians did not have access to the kind of global information that Canadians do today, so their view of the world was more limited. [Some students might note that Victorian Canada was in the grip of the Industrial Revolution, whereas Canada today is experiencing an "information revolution."] Disagreement: Victorian ways of expressing themselves may have been different from ours, but many aspects of their societyÄÄmaterialism; national pride ["imperialism" for Victorians]; a preoccupation with social status; a sense of technological accomplishment; a fascination with entertainment stars; games, and so onÄÄparallel today's society.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 2

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3. Railways were essential in creating Canada's infrastructure. They dramatically improved the speed and efficiency of communication, travel, and the shipment of goods. These advances helped to create a great surge in prosperity in the 1850s and 1860s. During the Confederation debates, the promise of a railway to link all of British North America may have been the deciding factor. In this sense, the railway may have been responsible for the creation of Canada as we know it.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 3


4. The advantages of Confederation included: a strong central government; more economic stability; reduction of intercolonial tariffs and trade barriers; stronger defence from the threat of American invasion and/or annexation; the promise of an intercolonial railway to link all of British North America; and, possibly, a reduced level of French-English tensions.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 4


5. Only a coordinated effort would have worked to end the deadlock in governments. The cooperation between Cartier, and Macdonald and Brown (who were avowed enemies), was crucial to the development of Confederation. Cartier could represent the concerns of French-Canadians, while Macdonald and Brown showed how very different views could compromise enough to support the idea of Confederation. Their travelling to Charlottetown to gain Maritime support for Confederation was a turning point.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 5


6. Under the British North America Act, the federal government had power over national matters (for example: trade and commerce, defence, currency, banking, postal service, criminal law, and so on). The provincial governments had power over regional matters (for example: management of provincial lands, management of hospitals, marriage, provincial taxation, and so on). Macdonald had envisioned a much stronger central government, but he had to compromise in order for an agreement to be reached.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 6


7. The American Civil War demonstrated that the federal union that held the US together was weak, and dangerously so. In British North America, it also fueled fears that the Americans might invade Canada. American Manifest Destiny was also a threat to British colonies. Finally, the Fenian Raids, though small, demonstrated the need for a stronger British North America that could defend itself from invasion.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 7


8. Newfoundland was isolated from the rest of British North America, and it had almost no trade with Canada. Because of their location, Newfoundlanders did not view the Americans as a threat. Again, because of geography, Newfoundlanders saw no great benefit in the promise of an intercolonial railway.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 8


Skills Questions
1. The photograph shows dust on an overhead pipe, a mess on the floor, and the doctors and nurses are not wearing gowns, gloves, or masks.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 1


2. Anesthesia made the operations possible, as is shown here, but poor hygiene could lead to infection, which could kill the patient.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 2


3. The editorial states that universities are funded by public money, and so women should be entitled to seek admittance. It states that girls are encouraged to attend parish schools, so they should not be excluded from universities. The university's decision was based on custom, not on evidence or laws.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 3

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4. The author supports the right of women to be admitted to universities, therefore he/she feels strongly that the university has no justification for its action.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 4


5. Timber represented about half of all forest products shipped through Saint John.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 5


6. In terms of total exports, forest products were least important in Prince Edward Island.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 6


7. from Canada: 66.8% [á1 164 624 / á1 742 665]; from the Maritimes: 33.2% [(á522 081 +á14 506 + á41 454 = á578 041 / á1 742 665]

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 7


8. New Brunswick exported more than twelve times as much in forest products than did Nova Scotia, far out of proportion to its size relative to Nova Scotia. As well, New Brunswick exported a wider variety of forest products (as can be seen in the various pie charts). This would indicate that either the forest industry was more developed in New Brunswick or that New Brunswick had more forests than Nova Scotia.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 8


9. Joseph Howe lists several reasons the Confederation is a bad idea: Canada is neither homogeneous nor harmonious; Canada is split by French-English conflicts; Canada is shut out from the outer world by frost for five months a year; Canada is at the mercy of a powerful neighbour (the US); and Canada's border is "defenceless."

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 9


10. Macdonald promotes Confederation for several reasons: the British colonies need a strong central government; an intercolonial railway will be possible only with Confederation; Halifax would benefit economically; the West would have a port to ship its goods to the world; union would lead to a constitution.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 10


11. The provincial governments can not undertake transportation or communication projects that 1) connect with other provinces and 2) connect with other nations. Provincial governments can not undertake transportation works within the province, if the federal government decides it is to the general advantage of Canada.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 11


12. The federal government has wider powers, for example, postal service, defence, currency, and banking.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 12


13. It could be considered dangerous because the wording is vague and allows the national government to impose any "mode" or "system" of taxation.

Chapter:2 QUESTION: 13




(c) 2000, Prentice Hall Ginn Canada. All rights reserved.


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