Why is Mesopotamia often called the “Cradle of Civilization”?



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Mesopotamia (Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians) Webquest

Go to the following website: http://www.ducksters.com/history/mesopotamia/ancient_mesopotamia.php

Or use the QR Code!

c:\users\dclapero\desktop\meso.png

Scroll down and answer the following questions:

  1. Why is Mesopotamia often called the “Cradle of Civilization”?



  1. What does the word Mesopotamia mean?



  1. What two rivers flow through or near the area of Mesopotamia?



  1. What modern countries are located where Mesopotamia once thrived?



  1. Why was Mesopotamia a great place for farming?



  1. What did the Sumerians invent?



  1. What were the Babylonians the first known people to do?



  1. What type of society did the Assyrians create?



  1. What was at the center of each Mesopotamian city?



  1. About how long are Tigris and Euphrates Rivers?



  1. In what city did historians and archeologists find most of the written history of Mesopotamia?

Click on the Sumerians

  1. When were the first cities and towns of Sumer created?



  1. What did many of the Sumerian city-states do to one another?



  1. List several of the Sumerian inventions that changed the world?



  1. What number was the Sumerian number system based on?

Click on Sumerian Writing and Cuneiform

  1. What did the Sumerians write on?



  1. What was the wedge shaped writing of the Sumerians called?



  1. How did people sign documents in Mesopotamia?

Click on Daily Life of Mesopotamia

  1. How did life change in Mesopotamia with the start of Sumerian civilization?



  1. What groups of people were in the upper class?



  1. What groups of people were in the middle class?



  1. What groups of were in the lower class?



  1. Who typically owned slaves? How were slaves acquired?



  1. What were most houses like in Mesopotamia?



  1. List some things people in Mesopotamia did for entertainment?



  1. What was clothing like in Mesopotamia?



  1. Who wore make-up in Mesopotamian society?

Click on Art and Artisans

  1. Pick two groups of Artisans and describe what they did in Mesopotamia?

Click on The Ziggurat

  1. What did ziggurats look like?



  1. What were ziggurats used for?

Click on Great Cities of Mesopotamia

  1. About how many people lived in Uruk at its peak?



  1. Who was the famous king of Uruk?



  1. What city was the center of the Akkadian Empire?



  1. About how many people lived in Babylon at its peak?

Click on Science, Inventions, and Technology

  1. What was the first major piece of literature in human history?



  1. What was the wheel probably first used for?



  1. How many months did the first Mesopotamian calendar have?



  1. What metals were Mesopotamian tools made from?



  1. What did the Archimedes Screw allow?

Click on Religion and Gods

  1. Who was the main god of the Babylonians? What did he have for a pet?



  1. Who was the primary god of the Assyrians?

Click on the Epic of Gilgamesh

  1. What were some of the powers of Gilgamesh?



  1. Who does Gilgamesh become friends with?



  1. What does Gilgamesh eventually learn about human beings?

Click on the Akkadian Empire

  1. What person united northern and southern Mesopotamia?



  1. About how long did the Akkadian Empire last?



  1. How did Sargon create the first dynasty?

Click on Babylonian Empire

  1. What Babylonian leader united all of Mesopotamia?



  1. What river was Babylon built next to?



  1. How did Nebuchadnezzar II improve Babylon?



  1. What were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon?

Click on Hammurabi

  1. What is Hammurabi best known for?



  1. How old was Hammurabi when he became king?



  1. How did Hammurabi improve Babylon?



  1. How long did Hammurabi rule?

Click on the Code of Hammurabi

  1. What was the Code of Hammurabi written down on?



  1. How many total laws are in the Code of Hammurabi?



  1. Why is the Code of Hammurabi important?

Click on Nebuchadnezzar II

  1. What is Nebuchadnezzar II best known for?



  1. According to the Bible, what happened to Nebuchadnezzar II for seven years?

Click on Assyrian Empire

  1. In what part of Mesopotamia did the Assyrians live?



  1. What areas of the world did the Assyrians conquer?



  1. What did Ashurbanipal have built? Why are the ruins of this building so important in modern times?

Click on Assyrian Army

  1. What would the Assyrian Army do every spring?



  1. What did the cruelty of Assyrians often cause?



  1. What was the greatest strength or weapon of the Assyrian army?



  1. What material did the Assyrians use to make their weapons stronger?



  1. What did the Assyrians use to break into and destroy enemy cities?



  1. What Mesopotamian Empire would you want to live in if you had to? Please explain why?



  1. What grade would give the Mesopotamians for their impact on world?

A B C D F

Please explain your grade!

Teacher Answer Sheet

Mesopotamia (Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians) Webquest

Go to the following website: http://www.ducksters.com/history/mesopotamia/ancient_mesopotamia.php

Or use the QR Code!

c:\users\dclapero\desktop\meso.png

Scroll down and answer the following questions:

  1. Why is Mesopotamia often called the “Cradle of Civilization”?

Mesopotamia is where some of the first large cities formed thousands of years ago

  1. What does the word Mesopotamia mean?

"the land between rivers"

  1. What two rivers flow through or near the area of Mesopotamia?

Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

  1. What modern countries are located where Mesopotamia once thrived?

Iraq, Iran, Turkey, and Syria

  1. Why was Mesopotamia a great place for farming?

The land is fertile and there is plenty of water for farming

  1. What did the Sumerians invent?

Writing and government

  1. What were the Babylonians the first known people to do?

The Babylonians were the first to write down and record their system of law

  1. What type of society did the Assyrians create?

Warrior society

  1. What was at the center of each Mesopotamian city?

A temple to the city's god called a ziggurat

  1. About how long are Tigris and Euphrates Rivers?

Both are over 1,000 miles long

  1. In what city did historians and archeologists find most of the written history of Mesopotamia?

Assyrian city of Nineveh

Click on the Sumerians

  1. When were the first cities and towns of Sumer created?

Around 5000 B.C.

  1. What did many of the Sumerian city-states do to one another?

Fight

  1. List several of the Sumerian inventions that changed the world?

Writing, a number system, the first wheeled vehicles, sun-dried bricks, and irrigation for farming

  1. What number was the Sumerian number system based on? 60

Click on Sumerian Writing and Cuneiform

  1. What did the Sumerians write on?

Clay tablets

  1. What was the wedge shaped writing of the Sumerians called?

Cuneiform

  1. How did people sign documents in Mesopotamia? Personal seals made of stone, metal, or wood



Click on Daily Life of Mesopotamia

  1. How did life change in Mesopotamia with the start of Sumerian civilization?

More jobs and opportunities for people

  1. What groups of people were in the upper class?

King and family, priests

  1. What groups of people were in the middle class?

Craftsman, merchants, and civil servants

  1. What groups of were in the lower class?

Laborers and farmers

  1. Who typically owned slaves? How were slaves acquired?

King, people in the upper class, captured through war or battle

  1. What were most houses like in Mesopotamia?

Mud brick rooms that had a couple of levels

  1. List some things people in Mesopotamia did for entertainment?

Music, sports, art

  1. What was clothing like in Mesopotamia?

It was made from sheep skin or wool

  1. Who wore make-up in Mesopotamian society? Men and women

Click on Art and Artisans

  1. Pick two groups of Artisans and describe what they did in Mesopotamia?

Answers will vary

Click on The Ziggurat

  1. What did ziggurats look like?

Step pyramids

  1. What were ziggurats used for? To practice religion

Click on Great Cities of Mesopotamia

  1. About how many people lived in Uruk at its peak?

80,000 people

  1. Who was the famous king of Uruk?

Gilgamesh

  1. What city was the center of the Akkadian Empire?

Akkad

  1. About how many people lived in Babylon at its peak? 200,000 People

Click on Science, Inventions, and Technology

  1. What was the first major piece of literature in human history?

Epic Tale of Gilgamesh

  1. What was the wheel probably first used for?

To make pottery

  1. How many months did the first Mesopotamian calendar have?

12 months

  1. What metals were Mesopotamian tools made from?

Bronze

  1. What did the Archimedes Screw allow?

The screw can move water upwards

Click on Religion and Gods

  1. Who was the main god of the Babylonians? What did he have for a pet?

Marduk, he had a dragon

  1. Who was the primary god of the Assyrians?

Ashur (Assur)

Click on the Epic of Gilgamesh

  1. What were some of the powers of Gilgamesh?

Great strength, strongest person in the world

  1. Who does Gilgamesh become friends with?

Enkidu

  1. What does Gilgamesh eventually learn about human beings?

All human beings die

Click on the Akkadian Empire

  1. What person united northern and southern Mesopotamia?

Sargon the Great

  1. About how long did the Akkadian Empire last?

200 to 300 years

  1. How did Sargon create the first dynasty?

He made his sons his replacements

Click on Babylonian Empire

  1. What Babylonian leader united all of Mesopotamia?

Hammurabi

  1. What river was Babylon built next to?

Euphrates River

  1. How did Nebuchadnezzar II improve Babylon?

He built a moat around the city for defense, the city and temples were improved

  1. What were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon? A series of terraces covered in plants

Click on Hammurabi

  1. What is Hammurabi best known for?

Hammurabi’s code

  1. How old was Hammurabi when he became king?

18

  1. How did Hammurabi improve Babylon?

He focused on improving trade and peace through treaties, he created a powerful army

  1. How long did Hammurabi rule? 43 years

Click on the Code of Hammurabi

  1. What was the Code of Hammurabi written down on?

The Code of Hammurabi was written down on clay tablets and etched into stone

  1. How many total laws are in the Code of Hammurabi?

282 laws

  1. Why is the Code of Hammurabi important? It is the first major document to have clear laws and punishements

Click on Nebuchadnezzar II

  1. What is Nebuchadnezzar II best known for?

He is known for rebuilding much of Babylon and restoring it to its former glory. He also built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon 

  1. According to the Bible, what happened to Nebuchadnezzar II for seven years? He has insanity

Click on Assyrian Empire

  1. In what part of Mesopotamia did the Assyrians live?

They lived in northern Mesopotamia near the start of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

  1. What areas of the world did the Assyrians conquer?

All of Mesopotamia and most of the Middle East

  1. What did Ashurbanipal have built? Why are the ruins of this building so important in modern times? Great library, it tells us the history of Mesopotamia

Click on Assyrian Army

  1. What would the Assyrian Army do every spring?

Start a battle campaign

  1. What did the cruelty of Assyrians often cause?

Rebellions

  1. What was the greatest strength or weapon of the Assyrian army?

Chariots

  1. What material did the Assyrians use to make their weapons stronger?

Iron

  1. What did the Assyrians use to break into and destroy enemy cities?

Battering rams and siege towers

  1. What Mesopotamian Empire would you want to live in if you had to? Please explain why?

Answers will vary

  1. What grade would give the Mesopotamians for their impact on world?

A B C D F

Please explain your grade! Answers will vary

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