America tried to stay neutral, yet in the face of impending war we slowly become more involved. Long before we entered the war FDR said this:
Innocent peoples are being cruelly sacrificed to a greed for power and supremacy...Let no one imagine that America will escape...There is no escape through mere isolation or neutrality...War is a contagion, whether it be declared or not. It seems unfortunately true that the epidemic of lawlessness is spreading. When an epidemic of physical disease starts to spread, the community joins in a quarantine of the patients in order to protect the health of the community against the spread of the disease. I call today for a similar quarantine. A quarantine of the lawless, a quarantine of those that threaten world peace. --Franklin Delano Roosevelt, The Quarantine Speech, 10/5/37
What pulls the US out of the Depression?
World War II pulls the US out of the Depression.
Why or How?
War creates lots of jobs.
WWII starts in 1939 when Hitler (Germany) invades Poland.
British and French declare war on Germany.
The two sides of the war were the Allies and the Axis
The US did not enter the war at this time.
The Lend-Lease Act—the US provides arms, planes, tanks and/or money to the Allies—
The US and Britain stormed Normandy in France to fight the Germans. The Brits and US defeat the Germans.
The war ends in Europe with Germany’s surrender in March 1945.
Japanese during Wartime
To what extent is it acceptable for the government to limit civil liberties in time of war?
During WWII many Americans felt that the Japanese might attack the West Coast of the United States.
As a result of that fear the United States excluded all those of Japanese ancestry from living on the west coast. Over 120,000 people were imprisoned in internment camps 70,000 thousand of them were US citizens.
Korematsu v. United States
Fred Korematsu, a Japanese American forced to move to one of these camps, challenged the government.—Did the government have the right and the power to do away with due process in time of war?
Court upheld law, ruled there was a legitimate danger to national security (clear and present danger).
20 years later Japanese Americans win a partial compensation as Congress officially apologizes.v United States
The wartime cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union was temporary
As the end of the war approached, relations grew increasingly tense
In 1945, Roosevelt met with Stalin and Churchill at Yalta.
They leaders all agreed on the creation of the United Nations (UN), a new international peacekeeping organization.
In April 1945 delegates from 50 nations met in San Francisco to adopt a charter, or statement of principles for the UN. Members would try to settle their differences peacefully and vowed to try to stop wars.
Held for the purpose of bringing Nazi war criminals to justice. A series of 13 trials were carried out in Nuremberg, Germany, between 1945 and 1949.
The defendants, who included Nazi Party officials and high-ranking military officers along with German industrialists, lawyers and doctors, were indicted on such charges as crimes against peace and crimes against humanity.
This set a precedent that individuals are responsible for their wartime actions.