Who Built the Minnesota Capitol Building? Project Bibliography Randy Croce David Riehle John Sielaff



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Who Built the Minnesota Capitol Building?

Project Bibliography


Randy Croce

David Riehle

John Sielaff,

Victoria H. Woodcock

March 2011

~ ~ ~

Introduction


This document is a compilation of most of the sources of information we have consulted in support of the “Who Built the Capitol?” project being carried out by the Labor Education Service of the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. This document contains information about the following types of primary and secondary research materials: newspapers, photographs, census records, web sites and books, and was obtained from the Minnesota Historical Society, the Marble Valley Historical Society and Museum, the Minnesota Department of Health, and the Minnesota Genealogical Society, and numerous individuals. These scraps of information have slowly come together to paint a picture of the lives of the individuals who worked on the Capitol building, and for five men, their deaths on the work site.
Victoria Woodcock, MS, MLIS – researcher, report author

March 2011


Other Researcers:

Randy Croce (Project Director)

David Riehle

John Sielaff

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Photographs
The following photographs are from the Minnesota Historical Society Library Visual Resources Database at:

http://collections.mnhs.org/visualresources/photocollection.cfm. Photos arranged according to date.
Search terms:

Minnesota State Capitol Building

Minnesota State Capitol Building construction and dome

State capitol




  1. Breaking ground for the new State Capitol Building.

Photographer: Dickey & Strong

Photographic Collection

March 6, 1896

Location no. FM6.141 p1

Negative no. 83


  1. Side of State Capitol Building.

Photographic Collection

1900-1901

Location no. FM6. 142 r7

Negative no. 54129




  1. Men Working on Base of the Dome.

Photographic Collection

1900


Location no. FM6.145 r12

Negative no. 63698




  1. Base of Dome Showing Brickwork and Stone Facing.

Photographic Collection

1900


Location no. FM6.145 r13


  1. Base of Dome Showing Brickwork Before Dome is Put On.

Photographic Collection

1900


Location no. FM6.145 r15


  1. Men Working on the Capitol.

Photographic Collection

Ca. 1901


Location no. FM6.142 r22

Negative no. 4041



  1. Men Working on an Area of the Dome; may be space where

the Quadriga will stand.

Photographic Collection

1901

Location no. FM6.147 r7



Negative no. 8825


  1. Men Working on an Area of the Dome; may be space where

the Quadriga will stand.

Photographic Collection

1901

Location no. FM6.147 r8



Negative no. 63697


  1. Men Working on Dome.

Photographic Collection

1901


Location no. FM6.145 r8
10. Carved Stone Trim Known as Ancon in the Workshop.

Photographic Collection

Ca. 1901

Location no. FM6.146 r13

Negative no. 8841
11. Minnesota State Capitol construction crew. (at ground

breaking?).


Photograph Collection ca. 1896 


Location no. FM6.142 p5 


Negative no. 62183
12. Minnesota State Capitol construction scene.


Photograph Collection ca. 1896 


Location no. FM6.142 p6


Negative no. 62184


13. Laying of the cornerstone, State Capitol


Photograph Collection 7/27/1898 


Location no. FM6.141 p12


Negative no. 15398


14. Cornerstone ceremonies, State Capitol.


Photograph Collection 7/27/1898


Location no. FM6.141 r8 


Negative no. 54130


15. Block of marble for new State Capitol being hauled down East

Fourth Street between Minnesota and Robert.


Photograph Collection ca. 1899

Location no. FM6.142 p2


Negative no. 16359
16. State Capitol construction.


Photograph Collection ca. 1899 


Location no. FM6.142 r33 


Negative no. 64317-g


17. State Capitol construction.

Photograph Collection ca. 1899

Location no. FM6.142 r34

Negative no. 63241


18. View of the Minnesota State Capitol during construction in

1899 with streetcar in forefront.


Photographer: George E. Luxton 


Photograph Collection 1899 


Location no. FM6.142 p8

Negative no. 97969


19. Side of State Capitol building


Photograph Collection 1900-1901 


Location no. FM6.142 r7 


Negative no. 54129


20. State Capitol under construction. 7/3/1900

Photograph Collection

Location no. FM6.142 r35
21. Front view, of State Capitol construction ca. 1900

Photograph Collection

Location no. FM6.142 r10

Negative no. 8797


22. State Capitol roof with partial view of surrounding area

toward the west.


Photograph Collection 1900-1901 


Location no. FM6.142 r18 


Negative no. 8812

23. Construction of State Capitol main portico.


Photograph Collection ca. 1900 


Location no. FM6.142 r21 


Negative no. 49324
24. View from southeast; shows board fence around State Capitol

construction site.


Photograph Collection ca. 1900 


Location no. FM6.142 r25 


Negative no. 38516
25. The crew at Biesanz quarry in Winona who did the drilling of

the stone used in the foundation of the State

Capitol.


Photograph Collection ca. 1900 


Location no. FM6.144 p1 


Negative no. 17201


26. Stone columns to be used on the State Capitol dome, St.

Paul



Photograph Collection 1900-1901 


Location no.

FM6.144 r14 


Negative no. 8835


27. State Capitol construction; in background Charles Engelbrecht,

Builder, St. Paul


Photograph Collection 1900-1901 


Location no. FM6.142 r17 


Negative no. 8824
28. Artist's studio with sculpted figure that may be an early

model for "Prosperity" on the Quadriga, State

Capitol


Photograph Collection ca. 1900




Location no. FM6.132 r4 


Negative no. 8840


29. Construction of State Capitol

Photographer:  R. O. Morrison

Photograph Collection, Stereograph

ca. 1900


Location no. FM6.142 r29

Negative no. 53022


30. Baluster columns used in exterior construction, State Capitol,

St. Paul


Photograph Collection ca. 1901 


Location no. FM6.146 r10


Negative no. 8842
31. Quarry site for State Capitol stone, St. Cloud


Photograph Collection ca. 1901 


Location no. FM6.144 r1


Negative no. 8795


32. State Capitol construction.


Photograph Collection ca. 1901 


Location no. FM6.142 p3 


Negative no. 53039


33. State Capitol under construction.

Photograph Collection

ca. 1904

Location no. FM6.142 r30

Negative no. 2850-A
34. State Capitol under construction.


Photograph Collection ca. 1904 


Location no. FM6.142 r31 


Negative no. 5376-A


35. Decorators of the State Capitol
Photographer: Haas & Wright


Photograph Collection 1904

Location no. FM6.142 m2 


Negative no. 96958


36. Decorators of the State Capitol
Photographer: Haas & Wright


Photograph Collection 1904


Location no. FM6.142 m3
37. Dedication parade for new State Capitol.


Photograph Collection 1905

Location no. FM6.141 r6 


Negative no. 76197


38. Group of men involved in the State Capitol construction;

Zebulon Olson, back row, far right


Photograph Collection ca. 1905


Location no. FM6.142 p7 


Negative no. 62185
39. Portraits of state officials and capitol

employees


Photographer: J. Bowers 


Photograph Collection 1905-1906 


Location no. FM6.3 h1 


Negative no. 43551



Newspapers
The following newspapers are in microform format at the Minnesota Historical Society Microfilm Library, Saint Paul, Minnesota.
Search terms:

Hennepin County (Minn.)—Newspapers

Labor Unions—Minnesota—Minneapolis--Newspapers

Minneapolis (Minn.)—Newspapers

Minnesota State Federation of Labor--Newspapers

Ramsey County (Minn.)—Newspapers

Saint Paul (Minn.)—Newspapers

Saint Paul Trades and Labor Assembly (Saint Paul, Minn.)--Newspapers

Trades and Labor Assembly of Minneapolis
Anchor and Shield (A.O.U.W.) & The AOUW Guide

Publication dates

Newspapers devoted to the Ancient Order of United Workmen, a fraternal order that sold life insurance to working class white men (no women, no African Americans) and also provided social entertainments for its members. From lists of chapter affiliates, it was probably a large organization. Criteria for joining usually printed on front page.
Afro-American Advance

Publication dates: 1899-1905

Articles of interest to African American community in Twin Cities. No mention of capitol construction

Interurban

Publication dates

Newspaper coverage of the Hamline area of St. Paul. International, national news. Some neighborhood news. No mention of capitol construction or working men or women.
Saint Paul Dispatch

Weekly


1869-1903
-May 7, 1896, page 5/”First Sod is Cut:” ground breaking for capitol building.
-same date and page/ “To A Saint Paul Man:” awarding of foundation contract to George J. Grant.
-May 14, 1896, page 8/Photograph of groundbreaking ceremony.
-May 28, 1896, page 5/”Seventeen Want It: That Many Would Be Superintendent of Construction:” mentions the names of the men who applied for this position.
-July 23, 1897, last page/”On The Grand Order:” full page artists rendering of the interior of the chambers of the Senate, Court, and House of Representatives.
-July 21, 1897 page 5/”Carnival of Fun:” List of events surrounding the laying of the capitol cornerstone.
-July 28,1897 front page/”Stone in Place.”
-August 2, 1897, page 5/”Capitol Building Finances.”
-same date and page/”Of Georgia Marble:” comparison of Minnesota granite and Georgia marble.
-June 25, 1903/”Head Long to His Death:” Death of John Corregan.
-January 2, 1905/”Swarming on the New Hive:” political cartoon showing the opening of the capitol building.
-August 16, 1897, front page/ “It Is Settled:” choice of Georgia marble for the exterior.
Saint Paul Pioneer Press
See articles cited in Appendix 3: Accidental Deaths and Appendix 4: People Involved in Building the MN State Capitol

The Minneapolis Journal

Publication dates: 1888-1939


-August 3, 1897, pg. 6/ “Home-Grown Stone.”

-same date and page/”That Capitol Stone:” article about organized labor.


-September 1, 1897, front page/”In A Shell of Marble.”

-same date, page 4/” The Capitol Stone:” editorial about out of state materials.


-September 2, 1897, front page/ political cartoon-shows out of work Minnesota quarry man

-August 28, 1897/”No Georgia Marble:” article about organized labor’s opposition to Georgia marble being used in state capitol building construction.


The Minneapolis Tribune
-August 4 1902, p. 6/ 400 men working on capitol; “Last marble laid:” Stoneworkers strike over non-union blacksmith
-January 28, 1904/ “All Join Together: Contractors and laborers unite in fight against Capitol Commission” Painting and decorator companies and workers protest against Capitol Commission using outside painters
See also articles cited in Appendix 3: Accidental Deaths and Appendix 4: People Involved in Building the MN State Capitol
The Minnesota Union Advocate

Publication dates: February 5, 1897 – December 28, 1900


-April 28, 1897/Local Events: article about how work on the new government building would provide work for local bricklayers.
-June 25, 1897/”Of Native Stone:”article demanding the use of Minnesota stone in the new capitol building construction. “Mass Meeting:” union resolution to support the use of Minnesota stone.
-September 3, 1897/Labor Day issue. A number of articles about female union leaders.
The Laborer/ The Socialist Party of Minnesota

1894


No local information on labor or working men in St. Paul or Ramsey county. Consists mostly of national news, a lot of Socialist ideologies explained.
The Saint Paul Daily Globe

Publication dates:

Daily

-May 6, 1898, page 4/”Only Lived a Few Hours:” article about the death of Felix Arthur.


-May 21, 1899/” Some Bad Accidents:” article about the injury of William (Vernon)Cole and the death of Michael McNierney.
-April 28, 1900/” One Dead, One Injured:” article about the death of Albert Swanson.
-June 30, 1900, page 2/”Capitol Accidents Fall:” article about the death of Florian Zauner.
-January 3, 1905/full page on the opening of the new capitol building.
The Saint Paul Union Advocate

Publication dates:

Weekly

Paper consists of national news items, essays on why organized labor was important-local news largely devoted to local union meetings. Classified ads consisted of union supported business.


-Friday, January 2, 1903/Woman’s issue
-many missing issues. Mostly reprints of articles of national labor interest. Very brief blurbs of local union meetings.
The Union/Official Organ of the Minneapolis Trades and Labor Assembly

Publication dates: 1894-1907

Weekly

Miscellaneous Records
Death Records
Coroner’s Record Books, 1901-1975

State Archives of Ramsey County

Record ID: 001735745

John Carrington (AKA Corigton, Corregan, Bowdin, or Bowden)

Post Mortem Examination Record/J. Ohage, MD

June 25, 1903.


Minnesota Health Department

Death Record Cards 1900

Saint Paul

Ramsey County

Microfilm Roll 12, A-R

Alfred Magnuson (AKA L. Magnuson) Death Card


Minnesota Health Department

Death Record Cards 1900

Saint Paul

Ramsey County

Microfilm Roll 13, S-Z

Albert Swanson Death Card

Florian Zauner (AKA Florane Zauner) Death Card

Labor Union Records

Search Terms

-labor and laboring classes—Minnesota

-labor unions—Minnesota-Saint Paul


International Union of Operating Engineers, Local 36

Saint Paul, Minn.

Organizational records for 1903-1907
Carpenter’s and Joiners Brotherhood of America, Local 87

Organizational records consisting of:



  • Union meeting minute books,

  • Local membership and dues records,

  • financial records, and daybooks.

Daybooks


Vol. 22

-this is a detailed record of dues payment on the part of union members. Shows name and date of initiation, birth date, and record of payment.


Vol.51

-Membership and visitor records. Names and addresses of members from other locals who have traveled to the Twin Cities to work. Very extensive record. Dated 1899-1920s.


Vol. 58

-Day book summary of expenses. The pages are very full of members names. Many members working at this time.


Vol. 50

Record Book begins in 1885

-Very detailed record of expenses. Shows receipts on the left page expenses on the right.
Vol. 57

Day book


-shows records of payments by members. Very detailed. Includes summaries of payments and expenditures.
Vol. 55

Ledger book-pages cut out



Bricklayers, Masons, and Cement Blocklayers, Local 1

Organizational records for 1882-1950.


P-6, Box 2, book labeled Vol.2

  • correspondance and related records,

  • -traveling cards,

  • certificates of deposit,

  • secretary’s record books. Some mention of where the men were working but nothing on the capitol site. Does contain the names and addresses of individual members. Also contains lists of men who were delinquent with their dues payments.

-Resolution adopted that supports the use of home materials on new capitol building.


P-6, Box 4, Day Books

Vol. 16


-Account books of the union local #1. Detailed records of local income and disbursements.
Vol. 18

-Names of scab bricklayers and amount of their fine ($50).


Vol. 17

-Extensive record of traveling cards, correspondence.

-Names of members and their dues payments.
Vol. 14

-Names and addresses of union members and names of individual(s) to whom death benefits were to be paid.


Vol. 6

-meeting minutes


Records representing several Minnesota bricklayers, stonecutters, masons, mosaic and tile layers unions stored at the Minneapolis office of Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers Union Local 1, 1888-1996

See Appendix 5 for list of all volumes and some entries relevant to Capitol and the local’s address.


Records representing several sheet metal and related unions in Minnesota, 1895-1967, stored at the offices of Sheet Metal Workers Local 10, Maplewood, MN

See Appendix 5 for list of all volumes and an entry relevant to Capitol and the local’s address.


St. Paul Building and Construction Trades Council

No longer has any records from the Capitol construction era




Address Books
Minneapolis-Saint Paul City Address Books

Dual City Blue Books, 1897-1898 (Household directories)
This particular book contained the following information:

pg. 3-“Hints on Etiquette”

pg. 24-25-City government officials and their addresses

pg. 25-Fire department

pg. 27-List if all churches

pg. 33-Social clubs

pg. 35-Names and addresses of newspapers

pg. 43-65-Streets and avenues in St. Paul

pg. 247-St.Paul shopping guide
Other Files Relating to Capitol Construction
Minnesota’s New Capitol, America’s Most Artistic Building and the Handsomest West of the Alleghenies

Call # F613.S82 N656 1904-Unavailable


Minnesota Historical Society Sound and Visual Collection/Charles W. Jerome Photographic Albums

Album #- Exterior and Interior Photos of Minnesota Capitol Building

Call # II.16
Specifications of the General Construction, State Capitol Building for State of Minnesota, located in City of St. Paul

Author: Minnesota: Board of State Capitol Commissioners

Call # F613.S8 C2 M6
Minnesota History Society Pamphlet Collection

Pamphlets Relating to the Minnesota State Capitol and Environs

St. Paul, MN 1898

F613. S8 C2

Photos of the grounds surrounding the construction site and later photos of the grounds after the capitol was built. Shows the immediate neighborhoods surrounding the capitol.
Minnesota Board of State Capitol Commissioners

Call # 113.C.1.8F

113.C.1.9B

113.C.1.10

112.D.1.2F-I

These specific collections contain specifications, bids, and contract awards for all the construction and interior furnishings for the capitol construction. Extensive and detailed.


Call # 113.C.2.1B

In addition to information re furnishings, this particular file contains detailed payroll information from Dale & Baumgartner, and Butler Brothers and the final settlement with Cass Gilbert showing the names of all the contractors and suppliers and the total amount they were paid.


Examples:

Butler Brothers Capitol Extra Work Pay Roll, Bill 11270, 1905

Lists specific jobs, such as fastening gallery seats, replacing broken windows, etc. with names, occupations pay rates and hours.
Dale & Bumgardner (subcontractor) payroll records for New Capitol, November 1904 lists names, occupations, hours, pay rates and total monthly compensation.
Historic Preservation Office

National Registry of Historic Places

Minnesota State Capitol Building

Casiville Bullard House (bricklayer & stone mason)



Minnesota Historical Society/Museum Collections
Oakland Women’s Temperance Union (St. Paul, Minnesota)

c. 1905/Meeting Announcement

Call # 1989.358.2
Bureau of Labor Statistics, Biennial Report, 1899-1900

119.C.4.5.B

Includes information on numbers of people employed, their occupations, working time and weekly wages, inspection reports and accident statistics broken down by occupation.
Labor and Industry Dept., Bureau of Labor Statistics Biennial Reports, 1888-1930

119.C.4.5.B

The 1903-04 Report has detailed information on Minnesota accidents and strikes, including a 1904 lockout in Kasota of International Stone Cutters Union quarry workers by C.W. Babcock, which supplied the limestone for the interior of the Capitol.
Music Collection

Sheet Music for songs from Capitol Construction period

“The Appeal: Grand Triumphal March” by William A. Weir. St. Paul: W.J. Dyer & Bro.

“Minnesota Street Rag March” by Fred Swanson. St. Paul: American Music Publishing.



OTHER ARCHIVES
Fred Danner, Cleveland, MN

Private collection of Kasota, MN area photographs and

documents, including many materials on local limestone industry from Capitol construction period
Georgianna E. Herman Center for Human Resources and Labor Studies Library

The Penny Press 
-Dec 9, 1895; pg. 8; Issue 43; col E/ “Labor Federation Workingmen of the State Discuss Matters of Interest to Their Organization” (Opposes use of convict labor in building Capitol)

-April 21, 1896/ Bids on Capitol foundation


-May 12, 1896; Issue 135; col D/ “Northwest Notes Winona, MN Stone from the Steinbauer quarry...”
-May 1, 1896;pg. 10; Issue 126; col C/ “George J. Grants Gets It”
Immigration History Research Center, Andersen Library, University of Minnesota

Letters and archives of ethnic organizations.

Materials on Capitol sculptor Carlo Brioschi in the John Vannelli collection. Odone Papers have extensive clippings on the Italian community beginning in early 1900s
Le Sueur County Historical Society

Photos of Charles Babcock, quarry owner

Books and pamphlets on history of area stone industry
Minnesota State Capitol Historic Site Office files

Several folders of notes and references to MHS records on Capitol and contact information for several families whose ancestors worked on the Capitol


Northwest Architectural Library, Andersen Library, University of Minnesota

Books on the Butler Brothers Co. and Minnesota stone

Records of Drake Marble Company and Flour City Iron Works

Two folders of Cass Gilbert-related items including articles from the Improvement Bulletin (See Appendix 7.)


New York Historical Society, Cass Gilbert Collection

Extensive collection of architectural plans, correspondence, other documents and photographs. (See enclosed guide to these records.)

Ramsey County Historical Society

No records on Capitol construction found


St. Paul Public Library – St. Paul Collection

No records on Capitol construction found


Stearns County Historical Society

Extensive collection of photographs, maps, newspaper articles and books on the area granite industry



A Century of Enduring Beauty: Cold Spring Granite Company.

Cold Spring, MN: Cold Spring Granite Co., 2002.


St. Cloud Daily Times

-January 25, 1898,p.2 “May Remove to St. Cloud” Rockville Co.

-September 1, 1898, p. 3/ “Public Auction: Sale of Rockville Granite Company’s Property”

-September 30, 1898 “He Bought the Plant: Henry Alexander Buys the Rockville Granite Co. Outfit”

-February 17, 1913, p. 3/”Rockville Producer Dead” Henry Alexander
Wisconsin Historical Society John R Commons Labor Archive

Extensive collection of many international and local unions’ records, including convention and local minutes. No references to Minnesota Capitol found in one day exploration.


OTHER SOURCES USED
Ancestry,

http://www.ancestry.com
Andreozzi, John, Personal note cards copied from 1920 Census for St. Paul listing information on all Italians involved in stone work and other construction trades
Calvary Cemetery Burial Records (John Geary)
Family Search: Free Family History, Family Tree, and

Genealogy Records and Resources from Around the World



http://www.familysearch.org/eng/default.asp
Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project,

http://www.usgwarchives.net/ga/pickens/census.html


George Meany Memorial Archives,

http://www.georgemeany.org

Marble Valley Historical Society,

http://www.marblevalley.org/
Minnesota Department of Health Barr Library,

Saint Paul, Minnesota http://www.health.state.mn.us/library/about.htm


“Nelson Georgia” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson,_Georgia
North Georgia Railroad,

http://www.northgeorgiarailroad.com/default.asp
Pickens County Library, Pickens County, Georgia,

http://www.sequoyahregionallibrary.org/
Scandinavian-American Genealogical Society and the Minnesota Genealogical Society

PO Box 16069

1650 Carroll Avenue

Saint Paul, MN 66116-0069


Stone Quarries and Beyond,

http://quarriesandbeyond.org/states/ga/ga-

photos_3b.html


Bowles, Oliver. The Structural and Ornamental Stones of Minnesota. Bulletin 663. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1918.
O'Sullivan, Thomas. North Star Statehouse: An Armchair Guide to

the Minnesota State Capitol. St. Paul: Pogo Press, 1994.
Thompson, Neil, B. Minnesota’s State Capitol: The Art and

Politics of a Public Building. St. Paul: Minnesota

Historical Society Press, 2005.



Videotaped Interviews
Capitol Dome 2010 Restoration Construction Site

Jason Alferness, Laborers Local 563

Rickey Klande, Bricklayers Local 1

Sean Cotton, Structural Engineer, HGA Architecture

Ginny Lackovic, Architect, HGA Architecture

Harley Meyer, Dome Restoration Project Superintendent,

JE Dunn Construction Co.

Kevin Schenemann, Laborers Local 563

Paul Schwartz, Bricklayers Local 1

Steve Youngstrom, Bricklayers Local 1


Descendants of Capitol Construction Era Workers

Alvin Bous, grandson of stonecutter

Elaine Olson Ekstedt and Linda Olson, great granddaughters of Zebulon Olson Capitol crane operator

Howard Vetter, Chairman Vetter Stone, grandson of Capitol construction era quarry worker Bernard Vetter

Jim Vetter, Manager, Vetter Stone

ACKNOWLDEGMENTS/CONSULTANTS


Hyman Berman, History Professor Emeritus

University of Minnesota


Barbara Bezat, Asst. Archivist

Northwest Architectural Archives, Andersen Library

University of Minnesota
Michael J Bjornberg, AIA
HGA Architects and Engineers
Tom Blanck

Architect, Member of Cass Gilbert Society

Capitol Commission Photo Album, other photographs, research
Kathy Burns

Society Coordinator

Le Sueur County Historical Society
Elaine Challecombe, MLS, Curator

Lois Hendrickson, Assistant Curator

Wangensteen Library of Biology and Science

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities


Brenda Carriere, Director

Georgianna E. Herman Center for Human Resources and Labor Studies Library, University of Minnesota


Fred Danner

Cleveland, Le Sueur County, MN

Private collector: photographs and documents on the history of Kasota, MN area
Julie Davis

Researcher, MN State Capitol Historic Site


John Decker, Asst. Dir. Of Archives

Stearns County Historical Society


Paul Elliott Dahl, Library Director


Barr Library
, Minnesota Department of Health


Darian Flansburg

Scandinavian-American Genealogical Society

Brainerd, Minnesota
Linda Gieger

Mimi Jo Butler

Marble Valley Historical Museum

Nelson, Georgia


Sharon Jenson, Community Relations Director

Cold Spring Granite Company


Ginny Lackovick

Architect

HGA Architects and Engineers
Harley Meyer

Capitol Dome Restoration Project Superintendent

JE Dunn Construction Company
Harry Melander, President

Minnesota Building and Construction Trades Council


Marjorie Pearson, Historian

Cass Gilbert Society


Deborah Miller, Reference Specialist

Minnesota Historical Society


Brian Pease, Site Manager

Minnesota State Capitol Historic Site


Peter Rachleff, History Professor

Macalester College


Amy Spong
Historic Preservation Specialist
Department of Planning and Economic Development,

City of Saint Paul Heritage Preservation Commission


Howard Vetter,

Chairman, Vetter Stone, Mankato MN


James Vetter, Vetter Stone, Mankato MN
Appendix 1
Minnesota Historical Society/Museum Collections-Furniture
Minnesota Historical Society Museum Object Call #: 1990.53.1  

Minnesota State Capitol armchair.

1905 (Cleveland, Ohio : Marble and Shattuck Chair Co.).



Physical Details  

1 item : wood, leather ; 97 x 53 x 46 cm.


Minnesota Historical Society Museum Object Call #: 1988.250.9 1 

Title  

Chair from Minnesota State Capitol.

Publisher  

1905.


Physical Details  

1 item.


Local Note  

Classification no. FU02C


Minnesota Historical Society Museum Object Call #: 1988.250.17 7-9, 19 

Title  

Armchairs from Minnesota State Capitol.

Publisher  

1905.


Physical Details  

4 items.


Local Note  

Classification no. FU02C


Location/Available  

Minnesota Historical Society Museum Object Call #: 70.151 

Title  

Slant-front desk.

Publisher  

1905.


Physical Details  

1 item ; maple ; 88 (h) x 76 x 62 cm.



Summary  

Small maple desk used by the Minnesota state legislature has a leather writing surface, rear gallery, and post and ball decoration. Two drawers below the desk top. Base has four turned wood legs and a low shelf with railing.



Local Note  

Classification no. FU02F



Minnesota Historical Society Museum Object Call #: 1978.49 

Title  

Mahogany kneehole desk.

Publisher  

[1905]


Physical Details  

1 item ; mahogany, brass ; 80 (h) x 92 x 168 cm.



Summary  

Mahogany kneehole desk used by governor’s Executive Office Aide, W.F. "Billy" Williams in the Governor’s Reception Room, Minnesota State Capitol, 1905-1957. Symmetrical desk has a tier of four drawers on each pedestal with carved handles, and a sliding wood tray with a brass pull above each tier. Center drawer above kneehole has carved ornament and a brass keyhole rosette. Drawer interiors are notched for insert dividers. Desk has a plinth base and plain exterior sides.



Local Note  

Classification no. FU02F



Minnesota Historical Society Museum Object Call #: 1981.5.2 

Author  

Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934, designer.

Title  

Leather and mahogany desk chair.

Publisher  

1904.


Physical Details  

1 item : mahogany, leather ; 106 (h) x 66 x 52 cm.



Summary  

Brown leather and mahogany desk chair has a leather upholstered back and seat and eagle’s head arm ends. The swivel base is cross shaped with claw feet on casters. Chair is one of the original furnishing pieces of the Minnesota State Capitol, designed by Cass Gilbert. A small brass tag under the right arm is marked "#584".



Local Note  

Classification no. FU02C


Minnesota Historical Society Museum Object Call #: 1992.150.1 A-E 

Title  

Cabinet and bookcase from state office.

Publisher  

[ca. 1900]



Physical Details  

1 item with 5 units : oak, glass ; approx. 199 x 43 x 107 cm.



Summary  

Cabinet or bookcase of quarter-sawn oak consists of five stacking units: bottom three are hinged double door cabinets with handles at center with holders for labels, top two sections are glass-front barrister’s bookshelves. The latter have "STATE OF MINNESOTA" and "Shaw-Walker" labels, also "1569" in white ink inside one door. Unit has a "376519" state property tag. Used in the secretary of state’s office but not an original example of Cass Gilbert furniture.



Local Note  

Classification no. FU02J



Minnesota Historical Society Museum Object Call #: 1990.200.1 

Title  

Wooton desk from Governor’s Reception Room in Minnesota State Capitol.

Publisher  

[early 20th century] (Indianapolis, Ind. : Wooten Desk Co.).



Physical Details  

1 item : wood ; 79 x 142 x 85 cm.



Summary  

Double pedestal desk of unidentified wood made by the Wooton Desk Company, Indianapolis, Ind., early 20th century. Desk top is molded and now has an inset replacement; skirt sides are plain. Desk has a center drawer at front flanked by two smaller drawers, each drawer has two ornate brass drop handles. Desk was used in the Governor’s Reception Room, Minnesota State Capitol Building, Saint Paul, Minn.



Local Note  

Classification no. FU02F

Appendix 2
List of Contractors on the Capitol Construction, 1896-1905

From Minnesota State Capitol Commissioner’s Board/Minnesota Historical Society Library


In chronological order
Call # 113.C.1.8F
Date Category Note





Architect

Contract with Cass Gilbert

August 1896

Excavation and Foundation

Contract with George Grant Co.

January 1897

Structural Iron and Steel for basement floor

Universal Construction Co.

August 1897

General Construction

Butler-Ryan Co./final statement of general construction

Aug-Oct 1897

Concreting: Sub basement

Lauer Brothers.

March 1900-Dec 1902

Dome construction

Butler-Ryan Co.

July 1901-Nov 1905

Steps and terraces

Butler-Ryan Co.

Call # 113.C.1.9B




Aug 8-10, 1901

Marble carving

Purdy & Hutchinson

Sept 1901-May 1904

Roofing and skylights

Butler Bros.

Oct 1901-Dec 1905

Mechanical equipment

-elevators

-boiler plant

-power house and tunnel

-plumbing

-electrical generation plant

-electrical wiring

-call bell

-telephone and conduit

-heating and ventilation



WI Gray Co.

Nov 1901-Aug 1904

Timbrel arches

Guastavino Co.

Feb 1902-Dec 1903

Fireproofing, metal furring, lathing, and timbrel arches

Butler-Ryan Co.

Feb 1902-Sept 1905

Plastering

Butler-Ryan

March 1902-June 1906

Ornamental Iron Work

Flour City Ornamental Works

March 1902

Interior Woodwork

Butler Bros.

Oct 1902-Feb 1905

Interior stone and marble

Butler Bros.

April 1903-June 1905

Painting and glazing

Bazile & Partridge

May 1903-Sept 1905

Artist’s contracts and bills of sale

Blashfield

French


Garnsey

LaFarge


Millet

Pyle


Simmons

Volk


Zogbaum

May 1903-Nov 1904

Elevators

Otis Elevator

June 1903-Feb 1905

Fireproof vault doors

Diebold Safe and Lock Co.

Aug 1903-April 1907

Metal shelves and cases

Van Dorn Iron Works

Call # 113.C.2.1B




Dec 1903-Feb 1905

Furniture, cabinet works, furnishings, draperies, carpets

Field Schlick & Co.

Mannheimer Bros.

Schuneman & Evans

Herter Bros.



July 1904-April 1905

Electrical light fixtures and registers

Sterling Bronze Co.

Mitchell Vance Co.

Winston Bros.


Oct 1904

Asphalt roads and walkways

Barber Asphalt Co.

May 1905-1906

Sidewalks, curbs, and paving

Barber Asphalt Co.




Metallic fixtures in govenor’s vault

Art Metal Construction Co.

June 1906-June 1907

Approaches and sidewalks

Butler Bros.

REFERENCE INFORMATION ON SELECTED COMAPANIES
Flour City Ornamental Iron Works

Northwest Architectural Archives, Manuscripts Division

213 Elmer L. Andersen Library, University of Minnesota, 222 21st Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455

Guastavino Company

See Wikipedia entry for Guastavino tile and Rafael Guastavino

The records and drawings of the Guastavino Fireproof Construction Company are held by the Department of Drawings & Archives in the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University in New York City.

Bazile and Partridge

Bazille and Partridge, Incorporated -- Paints and Varnishes, 69-73 East Fifth, St. Paul.


Photographer: Charles P. Gibson


Photograph Collection 1920-1926


Location no. MR2.9 SP3.1B p46 


Negative no. 1167-B

Field Schlick

Papers at Minnesota Historical Society

Call # P2473
Mannheimer Brothers/Schuneman’s Inc., company records

Minnesota Historical Society

BC1.1/.S393
Herter Bros.

Papers at the The Winterthur Library

The Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera

http://findingaid.winterthur.org/html/HTML_Finding_Aids/COL0093.htm


Mitchell, Vance Company

http://books.google.com/books?id=ZJi9P1eCf3MC&pg=PA96&lpg=PA96#v=onepage&q&f=false


Wooten Desk

Wooton Patent Desks: A Place for Everything & Everything in its Place  
J. Camille Showalter and Janice Driesbach, editors Minnesota History Center Library

Appendix 3: Capitol Project Accidental Deaths

Information File Updated 12/11/2010







Felix Arthur

John Beirsack

Albert Swanson

Alfred Magnuson

Florian Zauner

John Corrigan

Other Names

Phelix Arthuri

John Biessack

John Prershek






L. Magnusonii

Alfred Magnusoniii



Florane

Zauner1






Place of Birth

Nelson, GAiv




Sweden

Sweden, immigration year 1896v

Germany

Minnesota (adopted by Patrick M McMahon family)

Birth Year

1873

c. 1861

c. 1870

April 1877

April 1860

C. 1885

Parents

Charles Arthur

Julia Beavervi















Natural Parents:

Edward and Mary Corrigan

Adopted Parents:

Patrick and Molly McMahon



Ethnicity

white

White

White

white

white

white

Occupation

Stone polishervii




Mold casterviii

Stone masonix

Laborerx

Laborerxi

Address

Minnesota
Georgia: Pike County, GA

491 Wabasha Street,

Saint Paul



3801 Fourth Street North, Minneapolisxii

607 Jackson St, Saint Paul, MN

686 West Water Street, St. Paulxiii

798 Park Avenue, St. Paulxiv

Source of Accident Details

St. Paul Globexv

Minneapolis Tribunexvi



Saint Paul Pioneer Press, October 17, 1898

St. Paul Globexvii

St. Paul Globexviii

St. Paul Globexix

St. Paul Globe

xx

Death Date

May 5, 1898

October 20, 1898

April 27, 1900

June 30, 1900

August 4, 1900.

June 26, 1903

Death Place

State Capitol Construction Site, St. Paul, Ramsey Co. Minnesota

State Capitol

Construction Site,

Saint Paul, Ramsey Co., MN


State Capitol Construction Site, St. Paul, Ramsey Co. Minnesota

State Capitol Construction Site, St. Paul, Ramsey Co. Minnesota

State Capitol Construction Site, St. Paul, Ramsey Co. Minnesota

State Capitol Construction Site, St. Paul, Ramsey Co. Minnesota

Cause of Death

Internal injuries-caught in fly wheel of stone polishing machine

Skull Fracture suffered from a fall

Fractured Cervical vertebraxxi

Fractured skullxxii

Severe injuries from a fall

Skull fracture, Cervical vertebra fracturexxiii

Death Certificate







Death Certificate Card

Death Certificate Card

Death Certificate card

Coroner’s Record Book

Grave location

Bethesda Baptist Church, Nelson, GA

Wisconsin (?)

Minneapolis Pioneers and Memorial Cemetery

Burial Date: 4/30/1900

Grave 4F-N 5R

Lot 4


Block 3

unk

unk

St. Rose of Lima Cemetery, Cherry Grove, Goodhue County, MN

Section 59



Grave photo

Yesxxiv

No

Will obtain in spring 2011







Will obtain in spring 2011

 From US Census Records

 From The Saint Paul Globe, Saturday, June 30, 1900

 From Minnesota Health Department Death Record Cards 1900, A-R, Roll 2

 Mimi Jo Butler, Marble Valley Historical Museum, Nelson, Georgia

 From US Census 1990, Ramsey Co, Saint Paul, Minnesota.

 From US Census 1880 for Georgia, Pickens County. Family was enumerated in Grassy Knob District (GMD 1099) of Pickens County, Georgia. National Archives, Micro Publication, T9, Reel 161.

 From Mimi Jo Butler, Marble Valley Historical Museum, Nelson, Georgia

 From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, April 18, 1900.

From US Census 1900, Ramsey Co, Saint Paul, Minnesota.

 From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, August 4, 1900, pg. 2.

 From St. Paul Globe, Friday, June 26, 1903, pg. 7.

 From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, April 28, 1900.

 From St. Paul Globe, Saturday August 4, 1900, pg 2.

 From The Saint Paul Globe, Friday, June 26, 1903

 From St. Paul Globe, Friday, May 6, 1898.

 From Minneapolis Tribune, May 6, 1898.

 From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, April 28, 1900.

 From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, June 30, 1900, page 2.

 From St. Paul Globe, Saturday August 4, 1900, pg 2.

 From The Minneapolis Tribune, Friday, June 26, 1903, page 4.

 From Health Department Death Record Cards,1900, St. Paul, S-Z Roll 13.

 From Health Department Death Record Cards, 1900, St. Paul, A-R, Roll 12.

 From Coronor’s Record Books, 1901-1975/Ramsey County, Record ID: 001735745.

 From Mimi Jo Butler, Marble Valley Historical Museum, Nelson, Georgia
NOTE: The Minnesota State Capitol Commission and Cass Gilbert papers both report the accidental deaths of six workers on the Capitol construction.

It is possible that one of the accidents was a fall by Vernon Cole (aka William) whose 70-foot fall was reported on May 20, 1899. The height of the fall and severity of skull and spinal injuries led a physician quoted in a newspaper article to say that William (Vernon) was unlikely to survive. There was no follow-up article and the Commission may well have counted him among the job’s fatalities. However, he did live until 1950 at age 69 and was married.


The other possible sixth death may have been Michael McNierney, a teamster who was hauling sand for an unnamed construction project within a few blocks of the Capitol, who was crushed to death when his load overturned. He died the same day as Cole’s accident. The articles for both are " A Chapter of Accidents" and "His Life Crushed Out,"
Minneapolis Tribune, May 21, 1899, page 7. It is also possible that a sixth worker did die working on the Capitol and remains to be found.
The sixth death was John Biersheck, of Saint Paul, Minnesota. He died as the result of a fall on October 20, 1898.

1 US Census 1900, Ramsey County, Saint Paul, Minnesota


i From US Census Records






ii From The Saint Paul Globe, Saturday, June 30, 1900






iii From Minnesota Health Department Death Record Cards 1900, A-R, Roll 2






iv Mimi Jo Butler, Marble Valley Historical Museum, Nelson, Georgia






v From US Census 1990, Ramsey Co, Saint Paul, Minnesota.






vi From US Census 1880 for Georgia, Pickens County. Family was enumerated in Grassy Knob District (GMD 1099) of Pickens County, Georgia. National Archives, Micro Publication, T9, Reel 161.






vii From Mimi Jo Butler, Marble Valley Historical Museum, Nelson, Georgia






viii From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, April 18, 1900.






ixFrom US Census 1900, Ramsey Co, Saint Paul, Minnesota.






x From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, August 4, 1900, pg. 2.






xi From St. Paul Globe, Friday, June 26, 1903, pg. 7.






xii From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, April 28, 1900.






xiii From St. Paul Globe, Saturday August 4, 1900, pg 2.






xiv From The Saint Paul Globe, Friday, June 26, 1903






xv From St. Paul Globe, Friday, May 6, 1898.






xvi From Minneapolis Tribune, May 6, 1898.






xvii From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, April 28, 1900.






xviii From St. Paul Globe, Saturday, June 30, 1900, page 2.






xix From St. Paul Globe, Saturday August 4, 1900, pg 2.






xx From The Minneapolis Tribune, Friday, June 26, 1903, page 4.






xxi From Health Department Death Record Cards,1900, St. Paul, S-Z Roll 13.






xxii From Health Department Death Record Cards, 1900, St. Paul, A-R, Roll 12.






xxiii From Coronor’s Record Books, 1901-1975/Ramsey County, Record ID: 001735745.






xxiv From Mimi Jo Butler, Marble Valley Historical Museum, Nelson, Georgia
NOTE: The Minnesota State Capitol Commission and Cass Gilbert papers both report the accidental deaths of six workers on the Capitol construction.

It is possible that one of the accidents was a fall by Vernon Cole (aka William) whose 70-foot fall was reported on May 20, 1899. The height of the fall and severity of skull and spinal injuries led a physician quoted in a newspaper article to say that William (Vernon) was unlikely to survive. There was no follow-up article and the Commission may well have counted him among the job’s fatalities. However, he did live until 1950 at age 69 and was married.


The other possible sixth death may have been Michael McNierney, a teamster who was hauling sand for an unnamed construction project within a few blocks of the Capitol, who was crushed to death when his load overturned. He died the same day as Cole’s accident. The articles for both are " A Chapter of Accidents" and "His Life Crushed Out,"
Minneapolis Tribune, May 21, 1899, page 7. It is also possible that a sixth worker did die working on the Capitol and remains to be found.




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