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Name: __________________________ Date: _____________



1.

Which of the following had not undergone its own wide-scale Industrial Revolution by 1900?

A)

United States

B)

Britain

C)

Japan

D)

Latin America



2.

Among the reasons that Europe industrialized first was that

A)

it had an obvious economic disadvantage over all other regions by 1750.

B)

it possessed nor technological innovation.

C)

European rulers fostered unusually close alliances with their merchant classes.

D)

Europe was the only one doing business with China



3.

Which of the following best characterizes past explanations for Europe's Industrial Revolution?

A)

Europeans were just lucky to industrialize first.

B)

Europeans stole from the Middle East.

C)

Unique features of European society, economy, or history gave it a long-term advantage and head-start in industrializing.

D)

More adequate rainfall encouraged economic and industrial development.



4.

Which of the following explanations for why Britain was the first European country to industrialize is true?

A)

The Scientific Revolution took a distinctive form in Great Britain in ways that fostered technological innovation.

B)

British monarchs had absolute power and thus were able to freely promote industrialization.

C)

A scarcity of workers in Britain led to technological innovations that increased efficiency.

D)

Lack of coal deposits forced British industrialists to develop wind-based energy sources.



5.

The Industrial Revolution was a global phenomenon in all of the following ways except:

A)

Even regions that failed to industrialize were impacted by industrialization.

B)

Europe industrialized in part because of its role as a hub of the most extensive network of global exchange on the planet.

C)

Within a century of Britain's industrialization, fully industrial societies had emerged on every inhabited continent except Australia.

D)

Extraction of wealth from the Americas helped to fund Europe's industrialization



6.

Which of the following statements accurately describes the experience of women in nineteenth-century Britain?

A)

Middle-class women usually continued to work outside the home after marriage.

B)

In the late nineteenth century, many working-class women got equality

C)

Middle-class women usually left outside paid employment after they were married.

D)

Though middle-class women never worked outside the home, they earned money within the home by doing laundry or sewing clothes.



7.

Which of the following was a reason for the failure of Marxist socialism to take root in the United States?

A)

A lack of labor unions in the United States

B)

The relatively small number of white-collar workers in the United States

C)

The typically higher standard of living enjoyed by American workers in comparison to their European counterparts

D)

The homogenous nature of the American population as compared to that of many European countries



8.

Industrialization in Russia differed from industrialization in the United States in which of the following ways?

A)

Industrialization was more state-directed in Russia than in the United States.

B)

Industrialization in Russia took place without rapid urbanization.

C)

Russian factories tended to be much smaller than factories in Britain and other Western European countries.

D)

Russian industry did not involve railroads.



9.

How did contact with other civilizations contribute to Europe's Industrial Revolution?

A)

It awakened a desire to keep all foreign influence out of Europe.

B)

It encouraged Europeans to radically reform their culture.

C)

It enabled Europe to draw disproportionately on the world's resources.

D)

It did not contribute at all; Europeans did not need anything from other civilizations to industrialize.



10.

The most profound change in the social structure of Latin America after independence was

A)

a decline in the status and power of whites.

B)

the abolition of slavery.

C)

the rising fortunes of indigenous Indian populations.

D)

the creation of equality between various racial categories.



11.

The opium trade in China

A)

was supported by the Confucists as a means of increasing tax revenue.

B)

resulted in a large inflow of gold into China.

C)

was promoted by the British as a way of addressing a persistent trade deficit with China.

D)

resulted in wide-scale use of opium, but only among women .




12.

Which of the following was one reason why Europeans needed to expand into new foreign markets?

A)

To build prison colonies

B)

To sell manufactured goods

C)

To unite humankind

D)

To spread democracy




13.

Why did ordinary Europeans come to care whether their country gained new territories around the globe or not?

A)

Profits from new territories were distributed equally among all Europeans.

B)

Most Europeans were naturally curious about other cultures around the world.

C)

Many Europeans became swept up in nationalism and racism.

D)

Many Europeans were looking for new places to settle.



14.

In what way could the Industrial Revolution be seen as a failure, not a success?

A)

It did not lead to advances in medicine.

B)

It seriously damaged the environment and traditional cultural heritage.

C)

It did not improve the living conditions of the working class in the long run.

D)

It failed to produce consumer goods that people actually wanted.




15.

The Taiping Uprising

A)

was crushed by the Ottoman navy.

B)

was a conservative movement intent on restoring an idealized Chinese society.

C)

sought revolutionary changes, including a radical redistribution of land and recognition of the equality of men and women.

D)

was inspired and supported by Western powers intent on using it to establish a government dominated by Europeans.




16.

How devastating was the Taiping conflict relative to other nineteenth-century conflicts in the world?

A)

It was ultimately a minor clash.

B)

It was a medium-scale affair.

C)

It was the second worst conflict in Asia during the nineteenth century.

D)

It caused the largest loss of life of any conflict in the nineteenth century.




17.

During China's Qing dynasty leadership in the latter half of the nineteenth century,

A)

China cemented its reputation as the center of civilization.

B)

Chinese businessmen mostly served foreign firms.

C)

Western innovations were rejected out of hand, but Japanese innovations were adopted freely.

D)

China developed an independent capitalist class capable of leading its industrial revolution.




18.

In an effort to modernize, the Ottoman Empire

A)

set up a new Mulsim administration

B)

instituted the Tanzimat reforms

C)

drew on Chinese advisors and techniques.

D)

treated Christians terribly



19.

Which of the following was an important difference between China and the Ottoman Empire in the late nineteenth century?

A)

Only China attempted defensive modernization using Western ideas.

B)

The Ottoman Empire never modernized.

C)

The Ottoman Empire developed a nationalist conception of society during the period, whereas China failed to develop any nationalist identity.

D)

Only the Ottoman Empire's civilization was embedded in a deeply religious tradition.




20.

What did the Young Turks advocate?

A)

A renewed war against the West

B)

A militantly secular (non-Muslim) Turkish national state

C)

A jihad against all non-Muslims in the Ottoman Empire

D)

A new political regime in the Ottoman Empire based on Wahhabi principles



21.

The reform program that transformed Japan during the final decades of the nineteenth century

A)

ignored Western models.

B)

was accomplished without industrialization of the country.

C)

substantially changed the social structure of Japan.

D)

led to the isolation of Japan from the rest of the world.


22. Which gave the most religious freedom?

  1. China

  2. Japan

  3. The Ottoman Empire

  4. Russia


WORLD HISTORY

SECTION II

Part B

(Suggested planning and writing time—40 minutes)

Percent of Section II score—33 1/3

Directions: You are to answer the following question. You should spend 5 minutes organizing or outlining your essay.


Write an essay that:

�� Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with appropriate historical evidence.

�� Addresses all parts of the question.

�� Uses world historical context to show continuities and changes over time.

�� Analyzes the process of continuity and change over time.
WRITE AN ESSAY #2 (CHANGE OVER TIME) ON THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF ONE OF THE COUNTRIES BELOW
CHINA

JAPAN

THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

REMEMBER:


  1. THE THESIS STATEMENT WHICH MUST INCLUDE ONE THING THAT CHANGED AND ONE THING THAT STAYED THE SAME




  1. THE CHANGE




  1. THE SIMILARITY

  • WHY DID IT STAY THE SAME

  • THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT




  1. THE CONCLUSION


2011 AP®

WORLD HISTORY FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS

© 2011 The College Board.

Visit the College Board on the Web: www.collegeboard.org.

-10-

WORLD HISTORY

SECTION II

Part C

(Suggested planning and writing time—40 minutes)

Percent of Section II score—33 1/3
Directions: You are to answer the following question. You should spend 5 minutes organizing or outlining your essay.

Write an essay that:

• Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with appropriate historical evidence.

• Addresses all parts of the question.

• Makes direct, relevant comparisons.

• Analyzes relevant reasons for similarities and differences.


WRITE AN ESSAY #3 (COMPARE AND CONTRAST) ON THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF TWO OF THE COUNTRIES BELOW
CHINA

JAPAN

THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

REMEMBER:


  1. THE THESIS STATEMENT: WHICH MUST INCLUDE ONE SIMILARITY AND DIFFERENCE




  1. THE SIMILARITY

  • PROOF, PROOF, PROOF

  • EVIDENCE, EVIDENCE, EVIDENCE




  1. THE SIMILARITY

  • PROOF, PROOF, PROOF

  • EVIDENCE, EVIDENCE, EVIDENCE




  1. THE CONCLUSION WHICH RESTATES THE THESIS STATEMENT




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