Where Are Migrants Distributed? International Migration



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3.1.2 Where Are Migrants Distributed?

International Migration

A permanent move from one country to another

Voluntary migration

The migrant chose to move

(economic improvement, etc)

Involuntary/forced migration

Compelled to move, especially by political or economic factors

E.G.

Removal of Native Americans from traditional homelands in the eastern US

West African Slave Trade

Internal Migration

A permanent move within the same country

Intraregional migration

Movement within one region

From urban core to suburbs

Interregional migration

Movement from one region to another

Rural to urban

Migrants from Honduras to Mexico

Not enough money to ride inside the train

What type of migration?

Question Time!

Describe the difference between international and internal migration

Describe the characteristics of the ultimate most likely migrant ever, in the perspective of Ravenstein

Age, gender, etc

Diaspora

People who come from a common ethnic background but who live in different regions outside of the home of their ethnicity

Shared music, food, religious traditions etc

Jewish diaspora

African diaspora

Chinese diaspora

Michigan diaspora

International Migration Patterns

3 major streams

Asia to Europe

Asia to North America

Latin America to North America



Channelized migration – repetitive patterns of migration

Most migrants from periphery to core are motivated by better economic prospects

US migration patterns

Three main eras

Colonial settlement in the 17th and 18th centuries

Mass European immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries

Asian and Latin American immigration in the late 20th and early 21st centuries

17th and 18th Centuries

2 million Europeans to the American colonies

Sub-saharan Africa

Slave trade brought 650,000 people to the western hemisphere

Mid 19th to early 20th

Mid 1800s – Ireland and Germany

Immigration jumped from 20,000 to 200,000

Economic push

Germans escaping civil unrest

Lull during Civil War, increased after

Late 1800s– Scandinavia

Immigration increased to 500,000 per year

Early 1900s – southern and eastern Europe

Late 20th century to early 21st

Immigration dropped sharply during Great Depression and WWII

Steady increase starting in 1950s

Surged to historic highs during 2000s

Over 75% of immigrants from two regions

Asia – China, Philippines, India, Vietnam

Latin America

Mexico officially passed Germany in 2006 as country that sent the most immigrants to the US overall

Question Time!

Identify the principal sources of immigrants during the three main eras of US immigration

Explain how channelized migration mimics the movement of water in nature




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