What is the dictionary definition for the Iran Revolution?



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Camila Cisneros

Period 5 4/30/13

AP Group Study Project

Iran Revolution



What is the dictionary definition for the Iran Revolution?

The Iranian Revolution refers to events involving the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who was supported by the United States and United Kingdom, and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution. The Iranian Revolution was a populist, nationalist and Shi'a Islamic revolution that replaced an ancient monarchy with a theocracy based on "Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists"



Who started the Iran Revolution?

The Shah started the revolution by being a tyrant, causing people to go to Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini for help. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini then promised new social and economic reform by going back to traditional religious values. Its causes — why the Shah was overthrown and why he was replaced by an Islamic Republic — are a subject of historical debate. The revolution was in part a conservative counterattack against the westernization efforts of the Shah, and a not-so-conservative reaction to social injustice and other shortcomings of the ancient regime. The Shah was viewed as by many Iranians as a puppet of a non-Muslim Western power (the United States) whose culture was “contaminating” Iran’s. The Shah's regime was seen as oppressive, brutal, corrupt and extravagant. It also suffered from basic functional failures, such as an overly-ambitious economic program that brought economic restricted access, shortages and price increases.



What were the reasons that the Iran Revolution happened?

Before the revolution Iran was ruled by Shah Reza Pahlavi. Power was shared between the Shah’s relations and friends. During the 1970s the gap between Iran's rich and poor grew. People started to revolt because they didn’t trust the Shah’s economic policy and they resented at how much of a tyrant he was Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a shia cleric living in exile in Paris, was brought by the people opposing the Shah. Promising social and economic reform, the ayatollah wanted to go back to traditional religious values, which many Iranians didn’t like.



List and describe the major events and people in the Iran Revolution.

In January 1979, the Shah left Tehran for an “extended vacation”, but he never returned. All over Iran statues of the Shah were torn down by Khomeini supporters. In his final act before fleeing, the Shah appointed Prime Minister Shahpur Bakhtiar as head of a regency council to run the country in his absence. Mr.Bakhtiar tried to stop off the growing tide of opposition. He refused to allow Ayatollah Khomeini to form a new government. On 1 February 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini made a dramatic return from exile. Political and social instability increased. Street battles raged in towns and provinces between pro-Khomeini demonstrators and police and security officers, and supporters of the imperial regime. On the 11 February, tanks rumbled through the streets of Tehran, and there rumors of a future military rebellion. However, as the day wore on, it became apparent that the army wasn’t going to seize power. Revolutionaries stormed Tehran's main radio station and declared: "This is the voice of the revolution of the Iranian people!" Prime Minister Bakhtiar resigned. Two months later Ayatollah Khomeini won a landslide victory in a national referendum. He declared an Islamic republic, and was appointed Iran's political and religious leader for life.



What countries were affected most by the Iran Revolution?

Obviously Iran was greatly affected by the Iranian Revolution. No other countries were affected by the Iranian Revolution, although the United States was involved in a way, because the Shah wanted to be like the United States while some Iranians believed that the American culture corrupted theirs.



What effects of the Iran Revolution do we encounter today?

The Iranian Revolution was not that big of a deal to cause a global effect and change. However, if we were to say that we were Iranians living in Iran today, things would be different. Now Iran is Islamic republic and the leader is Ayatollah Khomeini.


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