What is the best title for this diagram? A impact of the First Civilizations



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1)





What is the best title for this diagram? A)



Impact of the First Civilizations

B)



Changes during the Neolithic Revolution

C)



Characteristics of Classical Empires

D)



Elements of Belief Systems


2)



How did geography affect the growth of civilizations in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia?

A)



Large deserts provided many mineral deposits.

B)



River valleys provided rich soil for farming.

C)



Access to the Atlantic Ocean provided trade routes.

D)



Large savanna areas provided protection from invaders.


3)



Which river valley developed hieroglyphics and a calendar and built pyramids as tombs for pharaohs?

A)



China

B)



Mesopotamia

C)



Egypt

D)



India


4)



Which belief describes the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)?

A)



Believers must follow the Ten Commandments.

B)



People are born into a specific caste.

C)



Followers must fast during Ramadan.

D)



People can overcome their desires by following the Eight-Fold Path.


5)



How did the Mandate of Heaven affect government in China?

A)



It allowed new rulers to justify the overthrow of a declining dynasty.

B)



The Mandate of Heaven led to long periods of war among families.

C)



The ruler received a direct mandate from heaven that he should resign.

D)



Religious leaders read oracle bones to select new rulers.


6)



Which river valley developed Hinduism and well-planned cities with plumbing?

A)



China

B)



India

C)



Mesopotamia

D)



Egypt


7)



I. Civilization in Ancient _________________

*Began in the river valley between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

*Developed cuneiform writing

*Built ziggurat temples to honor the gods


Which heading best completes this outline? A)



Mesopotamia

B)



India

C)



China

D)



Egypt


8)



The Code of Hammurabi was a major contribution to the development of civilization because it

A)



recorded the laws for all to see

B)



rejected the dynastic cycle

C)



treated citizens and slaves equally

D)



ended all physical punishment


9)



In China, the development of civil service examinations, emphasis on respect, and a belief in filial piety show the influence of

A)



Shinto

B)



Buddhism

C)



Confucianism

D)



Jainism


10)



Which belief is shared by Hindus and Buddhists?

A)



Only the people at the top of the caste system can achieve enlightenment.

B)



People should pray five times a day.

C)



Everyone should have the same social status.

D)



The soul can be reincarnated.


11)



I. _________________________________

*Built roads including the Royal Road to improve trade and transportation

*Used tolerance with the people in their empire

*Divided the empire into satraps to govern the large empire


Which heading best completes this outline? A)



Persian Empire

B)



Gupta Empire

C)



Roman Empire

D)



Han China


12)



Monotheism, the Torah, Abraham, and the Ten Commandments are ideas related to

A)



Hinduism

B)



Islam

C)



Buddhism

D)



Judaism



13)



I. ________________________

* Merchants who traded in the Mediterranean Sea

* Simplified the cuneiform alphabet to 22 characters

* The alphabet would later be used by the Greeks and Romans


Which heading best completes this outline? A)



Arabs

B)



Bantus

C)



Egyptians

D)



Phoenicians


14)



The Gupta Empire was best known for its

A)



development of the barter system

B)



advances in mathematics and medicine

C)



efforts to resist European imperialism

D)



construction of Angkor Wat


15)



Which civilization first developed a civil service system for bureaucrats (government workers)?

A)



Gupta India

B)



Han China

C)



Roman Empire

D)



Persian Empire


16)



What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its early development?

A)



Lots of natural resources encouraged self-sufficiency.

B)



An inland location hindered trade and colonization.

C)



The mountainous terrain led to the creation of independent city-states.

D)



A lack of natural seaports limited communication.


17)



How was the Greek city-state of Athens similar to the Roman Republic?

A)



They both were known for their military.

B)



They both developed monotheistic religions.

C)



They both allowed citizens to vote.

D)



They both fought the Persians.


18)



Which statement most likely represents the view of a citizen of ancient Athens visiting Sparta?

A)



“I have never heard of a society like Sparta that believes in only one God.”

B)



“This society allows for more freedoms than I have ever experienced in Athens."

C)



“I feel as though I have never left home. Everything here is the same as it is in Athens.”

D)



“The society in Sparta is so strict. The people have little voice in government.”


19)





Based on the map, which body of water was most likely the center of Roman trade? A)



Atlantic Ocean

B)



Black Sea

C)



Red Sea

D)



Mediterranean Sea


20)



One achievement of Alexander the Great was the:

A)



spread of Hellenism as Greek ideas blended with Indian, Persian and Egyptian culture.

B)



spread of polytheism throughout the Mediterranean world.

C)



development of democracy.

D)



the construction of roads, use of coins, and spread of Christianity throughout Europe.


21)



Which was a way that both classical Greece and Rome influenced the modern United States?

A)



Monotheist religions

B)



Science based on chemistry and astronomy

C)



Mathematics based on algebra

D)



Democratic government


22)



How did religious beliefs change over time in the Greco-Roman world?

A)



There was a shift from polytheism to monotheism.

B)



Judaism spread and gained popularity.

C)



They moved from an empire to city-states.

D)



Non-religious philosophies, like Stoicism and Confucianism, became dominant.



23)



Which ancient civilization first developed geometry, theater, and philosophers like Socrates?

A)



Abbasid Empire

B)



Greece

C)



Rome

D)



Gupta India


24)



Why was the Pax Romana important?

A)



It was the era of the Roman Republic when democracy and geometry were invented

B)



It was the era after the fall of the Roman Empire when barbarians settled in Europe

C)



It was a period in which the Roman Empire experienced great wealth and expansion

D)



It was the era during which the Byzantine Empire experienced its greatest power


25)



Greek religion spread to the Romans.

• Spread of Islam to Africa through the Trans-Saharan trade pattern.

• Arabs used the Indian mathematical concept of zero.


These actions that were spread through trade are examples of A)



filial piety

B)



ethnocentrism

C)



cultural diffusion

D)



scientific research


26)



Which of the following is a similarity between Christianity and Islam?

A)



Both were spread along trade routes and roads.

B)



Muhammad is considered to be a prophet in both religions.

C)



Both emphasize reincarnation and the caste system.

D)



These religions were the first to develop concepts of heaven and hell.


27)



One similarity between Judaism and Christianity is that both religions

A)



obey the Pope as their spiritual leader

B)



use the Bible as a holy book

C)



believe that Jesus was a Messiah sent by God

D)



believe in the same monotheistic God


28)



Which of the following shows the events below in the correct chronological order?
I. Rome became an empire under Augustus

II. Alexander the Great conquered Greece, Egypt, and Persia

III. Athens developed a direct democracy

IV. Julius Caesar was assassinated by the Senate A)



III, II, IV, I

B)



II, III, I, IV

C)



I, II, III, IV

D)



III, IV, I, II


29)



Which of the following was a reason for the decline of the Roman Empire?

A)



The Roman economy was weak as a result of a trade imbalance

B)



Alexander the Great died leaving no one to rule the empire

C)



The Roman army became too powerful

D)



Rome was conquered by the Umayyad Empire


30)



One important effect of Julius Caesar's assassination was that his death led to

A)



the death of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire

B)



a series of wars with Carthage that led to the expansion of the Roman Republic

C)



the rise of democracy under the Senate in Rome

D)



the fall of Roman by barbarian invaders

31)



The basic beliefs of Islam include all of the following EXCEPT:

A)



Muslims are obligated to take a hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca

B)



Muslims should fast during Ramadan

C)



Muslims use the Eightfold Path to guide their faith

D)



Muslims believe that Muhammad is a prophet


32)



What happened to Islam when Muslims disagreed over leadership after Muhammad's death?

A)



The Islamic Empire broke into small kingdoms

B)



Allah appointed a new prophet to replace him

C)



Muslims split into Sunni and Shi'a groups

D)



Muslims held a council to elect a new leader


33)



Judaism, Islam, and Christianity share a belief in

A)



teachings of the Quran

B)



papal supremacy

C)



reincarnation and the Four Noble Truths

D)



monotheism


34)



Similar to the Canon law of the Catholic Church, what system of Islamic law regulates the family life, moral conduct, and the business and community life of Muslims?

A)



Ramadan

B)



Hajj

C)



Jihad

D)



Shari'ah


35)



Which of the following is true of trade systems and pattern in the post-Classical era?

A)



The Silk Road led to the conversion of most Chinese peasants to Islam.

B)



Trade made Timbuktu the most powerful city in the Byzantine Empire

C)



The gold-salt trade made Mecca and Medina important Islamic cities.

D)



The Indian Ocean trade pattern brought Islam to East Africa.


36)



Who did Muslims consider the "people of the book"?

A)



only Muslims

B)



Jews and Christians

C)



Zoroastrians

D)



the Greeks


37)



What is Ibn Sina most famously known for?

A)



He traveled over 73,000 miles and recorded his observations of the Islamic world.

B)



He was a Muslim scholar who made important contributions to the study of medicine

C)



He is the last prophet God sent to Earth according the Qur'an

D)



He made a pilgrimage from Mali to Mecca; spreading gold along his path

38)



Which of the following correctly describes Mecca?

A)



Mecca was an important trade city in East Africa where the Swahili language was created

B)



This is where the Ka'aba is located and is the destination of Muslim pilgrims

C)



Mecca was the birthplace of Jesus and is an important Christian holy city

D)



Arabs built Mecca as an important trade city along the gold-salt trade routes


39)



Which of the following was NOT an achievement of the Islamic Empire?

A)



Development of algebra and chemistry

B)



Development of medical encyclopedias

C)



Invention of geometry and republican government

D)



Production of literature, calligraphy, and geometric art


40)



What was a significant effect of Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca?

A)



Islamic learning and culture increased in West Africa.

B)



The African written language spread to East.

C)



Military leaders eventually controlled Mali.

D)



The gold-salt trade ended after the pilgrimage.


41)



What example of "syncretism" can be seen in Africa?

A)



Animism was introduced to Africa through trade.

B)



Islam and Christianity were both practiced in Africa.

C)



There are a variety of religions practiced in Africa.

D)



The blending of Bantu language with Arabic.


42)



Why was there extensive trading in Arabia before and after the time of Muhammad?

A)



Its location on the Mediterranean Sea led to cultural diffusion with Greece

B)



Mountains isolated Arabs from outside invasion

C)



Deserts and the lack of fertile soil forced Arabs to trade

D)



Location near fertile river valleys allowed for farming and advanced cities





43)



Which conclusion about trade is best supported by the information on this map?




A)



West African gold and salt were traded along the Zaire River.

B)



The Sahara Desert prevented trade.

C)



Cairo and Mecca were trading partners.

D)



Timbuktu was a center of trade in West Africa.


44)



How are the Five Pillars of Islam and the Ten Commandments similar?

A)



Catholics and Orthodox Christians follow both the Five Pillars and the Ten Commandments.

B)



They both emphasize the belief in one god and set ethical guidelines for their followers.

C)



They are both rejected by followers of Judaism.

D)



They specifically establish times during the day when monotheists must pray.


45)



Much of the wealth of the West African kingdoms of Ghana and Mali was gained from the

A)



creation of colonies on the Mediterranean coast

B)



control of the trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt

C)



sale of slaves to Europeans

D)



taxation on goods brought by Indian merchants


46)



How did the Byzantine Empire begin?

A)



The prophet Muhammad created a new empire based on the Islamic faith

B)



When Rome declined, people moved from cities into the rural areas to live on manors

C)



The Ottoman Turks created the Byzantine Empire after they conquered Egypt

D)



When the Roman Empire divided, the Eastern Roman Empire became the Byzantine Empire






47)



What was an important accomplishment of Byzantine emperor Justinian?

A)



He reconquered many Roman lands in western Europe.

B)



He converted the Byzantine people from Orthodox Christianity to Islam

C)



He divided the Roman Empire into two Eastern and Western Empires

D)



He moved the Byzantine capital from Constantinople to Rome to control Rome's trade.


48)



The Justinian Code is considered important because it

A)



kept alive many ancient Chinese legal ideas in writing

B)



became the first democratic constitution

C)



the written law code served as a model for European legal systems

D)



served as a museum that preserved Muslim and Roman ideas


49)



The early Russian civilization adopted the Eastern Orthodox religion, the Cyrillic alphabet, and different styles of art and architecture because of their contact with

A)



the Byzantine Empire

B)



the Mali and Songhai Empires

C)



Vikings from northern Europe

D)



merchants from China


50)



In western Europe, feudalism developed after the

A)



Roman Empire collapsed

B)



Mongols invaded

C)



city of Constantinople fell

D)



Renaissance began


51)



Christians in Rome and Constantinople disagreed over many issues within the Christian Church. Which of the following was NOT an issue they disagreed on?

A)



The Pope as the head of the Church

B)



Latin was the official language of the Church

C)



Jesus' teaching and use of the Bible

D)



The use of icons in worship




52)






Which item best completes this graphic organizer? A)



Development of the Wheel

B)



Creation of the Compass

C)



Utilization of Cuneiform

D)



Preservation of Greek and Roman Culture




53)






Why was the Hagia Sophia important? A)



Muslims believe that this Islamic mosque was the site where Muhammad died.

B)



It was used as a sporting arena housing 60,000 people during chariot races.

C)



It reflects Roman architecture, like arches and domes.

D)



This Islamic holy site is the focal point of the hajj.




54)





Based on the map, which statement about Constantinople is accurate? A)



Africans traded more goods in Constantinople than in any other area.

B)



Constantinople was an important trading center.

C)



Gold was the primary commodity that China sent to Constantinople.

D)



Constantinople was a city located on the Mediterranean Sea.


55)



What was one direct result of the Crusades?

A)



Christianity divided into Orthodox and Catholic denominations.

B)



Alexander the Great became a powerful leader in Eurasia.

C)



Trade increased between Europe and the Middle East.

D)



The Islamic faith grew into Western Europe.


56)



During the Middle Ages, Europeans were divided by languages, lack of trade, and loyalties on different feudal manors. The one unifying force that most Western European shared was:

A)



loyalty to Charlemagne.

B)



a common devotion to the Catholic Church.

C)



loyalty to the Islamic caliph.

D)



membership in a national army.




57)




What conclusions can be drawn from the location of the church in this drawing?


A)



The mill was managed by the church.

B)



The church controlled all the land on the manor.

C)



The church controlled trade within the manor.

D)



Religion played an important role in the lives of medieval people.


58)



Which of the following BEST describes manorialism?

A)



Trade was a major focus; peasants and serfs farmed the land for crops to be traded in cities.

B)



Lords gave manors to knights and other nobles in exchange for a promise of protection.

C)



The lord's castle and his loyal knights refused protection for peasants in times of danger.

D)



Peasants and serfs worked the lord's land in exchange for some of the food produced.


59)



The term feudalism is best defined as a

A)



system in which land is exchanged for military service and loyalty

B)



holy war between Christians and Muslims

C)



division of political power between three separate branches

D)



process in which goods are traded for other goods


60)



The caste system in India and the feudal system in Europe were similar because both

A)



provided structure and rules for people in society

B)



focused on government more than religion

C)



had concepts of freedom and natural rights

D)



promoted equality and prosperity for all members of society

World History Midterm Assessment (Units 1-4)

Fall 2013





CP World History Midterm Assessment (Units 1-4)

VERSION A

1)



B


2)



B


3)



C


4)



D


5)



A


6)



B


7)



A


8)



A


9)



C


10)



D


11)



B


12)



D


13)



D


14)



B


15)



B


16)



C


17)



C


18)



D


19)



D


20)



A


21)



D


22)



A


23)



B


24)



C


25)



C


26)



A


27)



D


28)



A


29)



A


30)



A


31)



C


32)



C


33)



D


34)



D


35)



D


36)



B


37)



B


38)



B


39)



C


40)



A


41)



D


42)



C


43)



D


44)



B


45)



B


46)



D


47)



A


48)



C


49)



A


50)



A


51)



C


52)



D


53)



C


54)



B


55)



C


56)



B


57)



D


58)



D


59)



A


60)


A



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