West part II notes farming mining and ranching



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WEST PART II NOTES
FARMING MINING and RANCHING

Objectives: Explain the changing mining industry in the west. Describe the growth and decline of the cattle industry.



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FARMING

1. Why was the Great Plains not a farmer’s paradise?



a.

b.


c.

2. Farmers practiced _________________which is a technique such as planting crops that do not need_______________ and keeping fields free of ____________.


3. During the 1870’s what are three improvements in farming implements?

4. New machines and farm techniques increased farm output enormously. Owners of large farms reap a ___________by supplying food to growing populations of the East. As a result ___________________, farms controlled by large __________________and managed by ____________________. These farms specialize in ________crops.


5. What problems arose with the bonanza farms?

6. What was a constant worry for farmers?___________(which was contributed by _______________________.)



MINING

Since the California gold rush of 1849 – encouraged people to move west for GOLD!

7. The lure of ____________brought people of all ethnicities, colors, and education to mining towns. ____________, especially __________, who left the railroads often became miners.
8. Before long all the __________________was gone. Why did big business move in and take over the mining?
CATTLE industry-open page 3186
9. Texans learned cattle ranching from _______________. During the 1860 and 1870’s cattle ranching boomed. The destruction of _________________and removal of Native Americans to _____________emptied the land for grazing. The growing population of cities drove the demand up for __________.

10. At first, Texans took their cattle across the open range. Then ____________sprang up with pens for the cow and cattle were shipped on _________________. Ellsworth and ________________in Kansas were two popular towns.


11. What were a few hardships with managing cattle drives?

12. Cattle boom ended in the 1880. With the invention of ________________farmers could fence their land. What were two issues that caused the downfall of cattlemen?




POPULISM -open west section 4

13. What was the Farmer’s complaint?

14. What was the issue with the tariff?

15. In the years following the Civil War, the nation’s money supply shrank as the federal govt took out of circulation the paper money that had been issued during the war. As a result the nation experienced a prolonged period of deflation (drop in prices on goods)

Monetary policy emerged as a political issue.


16. 1873 Congress put the nation’s currency on a ______standard. This move reduced the amount of money in circulation because the money supply would be limited by the amount of gold held by the govt.


17. ____________were furious at the gold standard. They claimed that the end of silver would depress the prices of farm produce. The _____________________________of 1878 required the federal govt to purchase and coin more ___________increasing the money supply and causing _________________. Passed by Congress this act was vetoed by _______________ because he opposed the ______________it would create. Congress ___________his veto . Yet the act only had a limited effect because_______ __________________________________________________________________and_

______________________________________________________________________


18. In 1890 Congress passed ___________________________________. This act increased _________________________________________________________This law required the Treasury to ________________________________________________. Yet as people turned in their silver Treasury notes for gold dollars the gold reserves began _________________________________________.
SECTION 4193

19. Describe the Grange________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________
20. The ______________________which argued for paper money as the cause of inflation elected 14 members to _____________________in 1878.
21. In 1880's many farmers joined the __________________________ that launched harsh attacks on ________________such as the railroads. The one in Texas became powerful. It emphasized themes: Federal regulation of railroads, more money in circulation, creation of a ______departments of agriculture and farm credit. It also held importance to women who served as officers and won support for __________________.
22. What series of natural disasters gave urgency to the Alliance?

23. Why was congress and the President inactive?



24. Cleveland began the ________________________________of 1887 which regulated prices that the railroad charged to move freight between states. Also made it illegal to____________________________________________________. Describe the Sherman Antitrust act. _______________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________
THE POPULISTS

25. 1892 a new national party emerged called the _______________built their platforms around the following issues:

-called for an increase in _________________________________________

-urged the unlimited minting of ________________________

-Supported a progressive income, which is_______________________________

-endorsed an ___hour work day.

26. Breaking through deeply rooted racial prejudice, Populist sought a united front of ____________________________and white________________.

Section 4194

27. 1892 campaign populist candidate James Weaver lost to Democrat Grover Cleveland.


28. 1896 Presidential election -Republican __________________vs. Democrat _________________, which gave a powerful speech. "You shall not crucify mankind upon a __________________________________________." Jennings Bryan also won the nomination of the Populist party.

29. ___________lost the election. Populism could not bridge the gap between cities and farms nor slow the transition from an ____________nation to an ________________nation.


30. Populism legacy- silver movement died as well as Populism. The goals lived on by other reformers known as the ______________ applied populist ideas to ____________and industrial problems.
POLITICAL CARTOON - POPULIST


THE PLIGHT OF THE FARMERS

Farmers were particularly hard hit in the decades leading to the financial panic of 1893. They regarded big business

interests as insurmountable enemies who were bringing them to their knees and leaving them with debts at every

turn. This cartoon is a warning of the dangers confronting not only the farmers but the entire nation.


SKILLBUILDER Analyzing Political Cartoons

1. How does this cartoon depict the plight of the farmers?


2. Who does the cartoonist suggest is responsible for the farmers’ plight?


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