Wars of Religion: 1559-1648 Habsburg-Valois Wars



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Wars of Religion: 1559-1648

Habsburg-Valois Wars

Philip II

Escorial

Battle of Lepanto

Dutch Revolt

William of Orange

United Provinces of the Netherlands

Spanish Netherlands

Mary Tudor (“Bloody Mary”)

Elizabeth I

Spanish Armada

French Civil Wars

Catherine de Medicis

St. Bartholomew Day Massacre

War of the Three Henry’s


Henry IV

politique

Edict of Nantes

Thirty Years’ War

Bohemian phase

Defenestration of Prague

Danish Phase Albrecht von Wallenstein

Edict of Restitution

Swedish Phase

Gustavus Adolphus

French Phase

Cardinal Richelieu

Treaty of Westphalia




English Civil War

James I


Charles I

“divine right” of kings

Cavaliers

Roundheads

Oliver Cromwell

New Model Army

Pride’s Purge

“Rump Parliament”

Levellers, Diggers, Quakers

Interregnum

The Protectorate

Charles II



Essay Questions

  1. Analyze the impact that religion played in the Dutch Revolt, the French Civil Wars, the Thirty Years’ War, and the English Civil War

  2. Analyze the extent to which the religious policies of the following rulers were successful:

  1. To what degree did religion and politics play in the Thirty Years’ War?

  2. Analyze the impact of the Thirty Years’ War on European politics.

  3. To what extent did the wars of religion result in the decline of the Spanish Empire?

  4. Analyze the causes of the English Civil War and the impact of Puritan rule on English politics and society.







Absolutism in Western Europe: c. 1589-1715


absolutism

Jean Bodin

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan

Bishop Bossuet

“divine right” of kings

First Estate

Second Estate

Third Estate

Henry IV

Bourbon dynasty

nobility of the sword

nobility of the robe

Duke of Sully

Louis XIII

Cardinal Richelieu

politique

Intendant system

Peace of Alais

Louis XIV, “Sun King”

L’ état, c’est moi”

Fronde


Cardinal Mazarin

corvee

Versailles Palace

Edict of Fountainbleu

Jansenists

mercantilism


bullionism

Jean-Baptiste Colbert

balance of power

War of the League of Augsburg

War of Spanish Succession

Treaty of Utrecht

Philip II

Escorial


“price revolution”

Spanish Armada

Treaty of the Pyrenees, 1659

Baroque


Bernini

Versailles Palace

Winter Palace

Caravaggio, tenebrism

Peter Paul Rubens

Diego Velázquez

Artemisia Gentileschi

Dutch Style

Rembrandt

Jan Vermeer

French Classicism

Nicolas Poussin

Jean Baptiste Racine

Moliere


J.S. Bach

  1. How did the political theories of Bodin and Bossuet play out in France during the 17th century?

  2. Analyze the extent to which absolutism developed in France under Henry IV and Louis XIII.

  3. Analyze the ways in which the absolutism of Louis XIV impacted the bureaucracy, the nobility, the peasantry, economics and religious issues in France.

  4. To what extent did the balance of power remain intact in Europe between 1600 and 1715?

  5. Analyze the role of mercantilism in France in the 17th century

  6. Analyze how the baroque reflected the “Age of Absolutism.”


Constitutionalism in Western Europe: c. 1600-1725


constitutionalism

gentry


House of Commons

Stuart dynasty

James I

“divine right” of kings



Charles I

Petition of Right, 1628

“ship money”

“Short Parliament”

“Long Parliament”

Archbishop Laud

English Civil War

Cavaliers

Roundheads

Oliver Cromwell

Independent

New Model Army

Pride’s Purge

“Rump” Parliament

Levellers

Diggers


Quakers

Interregnum




Protectorate

Restoration

Charles II

Test Act, 1673



Habeas Corpus Act, 1679

James II


“Glorious Revolution”

William and Mary

Bill of Rights

John Locke, Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)

Toleration Act, 1689

Act of Settlement, 1701

Act of Union, 1707

Great Britain

Cabinet system

Prime Minister

Robert Walpole

United Provinces of the Netherlands (Dutch Republic)

stadholder

Dutch Reformed church

Amsterdam

Dutch East India Co.

Gustavus Adolphus


  1. Analyze the development of constitutionalism in England during the 17th century.




  1. To what extent were the Puritans successful in achieving their goals in England between 1642 and 1660?




  1. Analyze reasons for the failure of absolutism in England in the 17th century.




  1. Analyze factors that led to the rise of the Dutch Republic and its commercial success in the 17th century.







Absolutism in Eastern Europe: c. 1600-1740

Holy Roman Empire

Ottoman Empire

Suleiman the Magnificent

Janissary Corps

Poland-Lithuania

liberum veto

serfdom

Hapsburg Empire (Austrian Empire)



Bohemia

Austria proper

Hungary

Leopold I



siege of Vienna, 1683

Charles VI

Pragmatic Sanction

Prussia


Hohenzollerns

Frederick William, the “Great Elector”

Junkers

“king of Prussia”



Frederick William I

“Sparta of the North”

Muscovy

boyars


Ivan III (“the Great”)

“Third Rome”

Ivan IV (“the Terrible”)

Cossacks


“Time of Troubles”

Romanov dynasty

Michael Romanov

“Old Believers”

Peter the Great

Strelski

Great Northern War

“Window on the West”

Table of Ranks

St. Petersburg

Winter Palace




  1. Analyze the causes for the decline of the Holy Roman Empire, Ottoman Empire and Poland-Lithuania in Europe during the 17th century.




  1. Analyze the military, political and social factors for the rise of absolutism in Austria, Prussia and Russia in the 17th and 18th centuries.




  1. Compare and contrast absolutism in eastern Europe with that of France in western Europe.





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