Vocabulary section: Urban society, secular, mercenary, dowry, the Three Estates Questions



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Western Civ. Study Guide

Chapter 5: Renaissance and Reformation, 1350 – 1600

Section 1: The Renaissance

Read: Pgs. 157-163.

Vocabulary: Define the following words or concepts in your Vocabulary section:

Urban society, secular, mercenary, dowry, the Three Estates



Questions:

  1. Explain how the Spanish became involved in the Italian Wars. _____________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  1. What are the characteristics of Castiglione’s perfect noble? ________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  1. Why was a strong family bond so important in Italy? _____________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  1. List the differences between the social structure of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance:






Middle Ages

Renaissance

Nobility







Peasants







Townspeople









  1. What type of government did each city-state have? Who ruled?

Milan: __________________________________________________________________

Venice: _________________________________________________________________

Florence: _______________________________________________________________


  1. Describe Machiavelli’s opinion of morality. ____________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



Section 2: The Intellectual and Artistic Renaissance

Read: Pgs. 164-169.

Vocabulary: Define the following words or concepts in your Vocabulary section:

Humanism, fresco, secularism, vernacular, liberal arts, perspective, Low Countries



Questions:

  1. What was Christine de Pizan’s main argument in The Book of the City of Ladies?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  1. How are the principles of classical art and Renaissance art similar? How are they different?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

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  1. What were the humanist goals of Renaissance education? _________________________

________________________________________________________________________

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  1. List the greatest achievements of each artist:

Leonardo da Vinci: _______________________________________________________

Raphael: ________________________________________________________________

Michelangelo: ___________________________________________________________


  1. What literary format does Chaucer use to portray English society? __________________

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________



  1. How did Renaissance paintings differ from medieval paintings? ____________________

________________________________________________________________________

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  1. What techniques were developed by Northern Renaissance painters? ________________

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Section 3: The Protestant Reformation

Read: Pgs. 171-175.

Vocabulary: Define the following words or concepts in your Vocabulary section:

Christian humanism, salvation, indulgence, Modern Devotion, Ninety-five Theses, Hapsburgs

Questions:

  1. What was the impact of the Edict of Worms? ___________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

  1. List the ways that Erasmus wanted to reform the Catholic Church: __________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  1. What was the religious situation in Germany after the Peace of Augsburg? ____________

________________________________________________________________________

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  1. List the nations and territories controlled by Emperor Charles V.

____________________ ____________________ ____________________

____________________ ____________________ ____________________

____________________ ____________________ ____________________


  1. Who did Martin Luther side with in the German Peasants’ Revolt? What effect did this have on the development of Lutheranism?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

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Section 4: The Spread of Protestantism and the Catholic Response

Read: Pgs. 177-183.

Vocabulary: Define the following words or concepts in your Vocabulary section:

Predestination, annulment, theocracy, Consistory, clerical celibacy



Questions:

  1. What was the outcome of “Bloody” Mary’s persecution of Protestants? ______________

________________________________________________________________________

  1. List the unique features of each denomination.

Lutheranism: ____________________________________________________________

Calvinism: ______________________________________________________________

Anabaptism: ____________________________________________________________

Zwinglianism: ___________________________________________________________



  1. List the countries that had adopted each denomination by the mid-sixteenth century.

Lutheranism: ____________________________________________________________

Calvinism: ______________________________________________________________



  1. Why did Henry VIII form the Church of England? ______________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. What impact did the Protestant Reformation have on the role of women? _____________

________________________________________________________________________

  1. What was the relationship between the Jesuits and the pope? _______________________

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  1. Place the following locations on the map (pgs. 159, 167, 174, 181):

Pg. 159: Milan, Venice, Florence, Rome

Pg. 167: Canterbury, Flanders

Pg. 174: Wittenberg, Bohemia, Hungary

Pg. 181: Zurich, Geneva, Trent





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