Vocabulary section: Epic poem, polis, acropolis, democracy, oligarchy, direct democracy Questions



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Western Civ. Study Guide

Chapter 2: Ancient Greece and Rome

Section 1: Ancient Greece

Read: Pgs. 51-60.

Vocabulary: Define the following words or concepts in your Vocabulary section:

Epic poem, polis, acropolis, democracy, oligarchy, direct democracy



Questions:

  1. Describe the reforms of each Athenian leader.

Solon: __________________________________________________________________

Cleisthenes: _____________________________________________________________

Pericles: ________________________________________________________________


  1. Place the following cities or areas on the map: Mycenae, Knossos, Troy, Sparta, Athens, Macedonia, Mount Olympus



  1. What is the Parthenon? Where was it built? ____________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

  1. How did Greece’s geography influence the character of Greek civilization? ___________

________________________________________________________________________

  1. Who had political rights in a Greek polis? Who did not? __________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. Why did Spartan women have more freedom than other women in ancient Greece?

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. How did the Peloponnesian War affect the Greek city-states? ______________________

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. What ideals did the Greeks express in their art, architecture and drama? ______________

________________________________________________________________________

  1. What modern-day countries did Alexander the Great conquer?

____________________ ____________________ ____________________

____________________ ____________________ ____________________



  1. What were the four Hellenistic kingdoms that emerged after Alexander’s death?

_________________________ _________________________

_________________________ _________________________





Section 2: Rome and the Rise of Christianity

Read: Pgs. 66-76.

Vocabulary: Define the following words or concepts in your Vocabulary section:

Republic, patrician, plebeian, imperator, Christianity, clergy, laity, Pax Romana, New Testament

Questions:

  1. What was the Law of Nations? How was it an improvement on the Twelve Tables?

_____________________________________________________________________

  1. What were slaves used for in Rome? Where did the slaves come from? ____________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________



  1. What types of entertainments were performed in Roman amphitheaters and coliseums?

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________



  1. Place the following cities or areas on the map: City of Rome, Carthage, Mediterranean Sea, Asia Minor, Constantinople, Alexandria



  1. How did Rome go from a city-state to controlling the entire Mediterranean by 129 BC?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________


  1. Why did the Republic fall into disorder and civil war in the last century BC?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  1. What was life like in the city of Rome? What did the government do to help people?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  1. Why was Jesus turned over to the Roman authorities? ____________________________

________________________________________________________________________

  1. What benefits did Christianity offer to individuals and Roman society as a whole?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



  1. Name two reforms by Diocletian and Constantine.

______________________________ ______________________________

How did they hurt the empire in the long run?



________________________________________________________________________

  1. Name three invading barbarian tribes.

____________________ ____________________ ____________________


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