Vocabulary Nomad technology extinct agriculture tribe Civilization class slavery pueblo Ancient Indians moved slowly throughout the Americas Indians settled in different regions and developed different ways of life Hunters and Gatherers



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Unit 1 The land and Early People Chapter 2 The Earliest Americans

Lesson 2 Ancient Indians
Vocabulary

Nomad technology extinct agriculture tribe



Civilization class slavery pueblo



  • Ancient Indians moved slowly throughout the Americas

  • Indians settled in different regions and developed different ways of life


Hunters and Gatherers

  • After the ice the Indians hunted mastodons and mammoths

  • Ancient Indians spent their days tracking and hunting animals and gathering fruits and nuts

  • Ancient Indians were nomads who built shelters in caves or made tents out of animal skins

  • They made spears from sharpened stones and wooden poles

  • They invented new weapons to hunt animals

    • Atlatl—spear thrower

    • Clovis – spears created using a process called flaking.


A Time of Change

  • As the climate of North America changed large animals became extinct.

  • People started hunting fish and deer or rabbits

  • Bow and arrows were developed to hunt the smaller animals

  • People started to learn where and when the best time to get different plants soon they planted seeds and grew their own food

  • Indians in Mexico were the first to develop agriculture in North America, they grew 12 different kinds of corn

  • Farming changed how the Indians lived and they formed tribes each with different cultures.


Early Civilizations




  • Maya






  • Anasazi

    • 100B.C. – A.D. 1300

    • Southwestern United States

    • Lived in groups of houses next to or on top of eachother

    • Spanish explores called them pueblos

    • Most were built on top of mesas( high, flat-topped hills)




  • By A.D. 1400 there were hundreds of different tribes of native Americans all throughout North America


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