|Vietnam War Review
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution 1. congressional act giving the President nearly complete control over United States
military actions in Vietnam
Tet Offensive 2. major Viet Cong attack on towns, cities, and American bases throughout South
My Lai Massacre 3. incident in which American troops killed from 175 to 400 Vietnamese villagers
Domino Theory 4. the fear that if one nation falls to communism, its neighbors will soon follow
Vietnamization_ 5. policy of replacing American forces with South Vietnamese soldiers
escalation_ 6. In 1964, President Johnson began a military ____, or expansion of American
involvement, in the Vietnam War.
Teach-ins ___ 7. College professors held ____ in which they expressed opinions about the Vietnam
Conscientious objectors 8. Young men who opposed fighting in a war on moral or religious grounds were ____.
Deferment __ 9. College students could postpone being drafted into military service by getting a(n)…
Ho Chi Minh Trail _ 10. Troops and supplies poured into South Vietnam from the North via the ____, a supply route that passed through Laos and Cambodia.
IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS
11. President Kennedy’s policy in Vietnam was to
He increased U.S. military advisors
12. Escalation of the war in Vietnam began with the
Passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
13. American soldiers fighting in Vietnam had to cope with
Booby traps, guerilla attacks, an enemy that blended in with the local population
14. Civilians in both North Vietnam and South Vietnam had to suffer the effects of American efforts to destroy roads and bridges through
15. In the United States, television was instrumental in
Bringing the brutality of the war into people’s living rooms
16. Some Americans questioned the fairness of the draft because
College students could easily avoid the draft
17. The Vietnam War finally ended in 1975 when
North Vietnam successfully invaded South Vietnam
18. What did the United States fear would happen if it did not get involved in Vietnam?
The rest of Southeast Asia would become Communist
19. What congressional action gave President Johnson the authority to escalate the Vietnam War?
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
20. What was the primary focus of the protest movement of the 1960s?
The Vietnam War
21. Tensions between students who opposed the war and National Guardsmen resulted in four deaths at
22. Who was the nationalist leader who led Vietnam against the French?
Ho Chi Minh
23. What did Congress do after the North Vietnamese attack in the Gulf of Tonkin?
Passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving the President expanded powers
24. What principle, described by President Eisenhower, became associated with American involvement in Southeast Asia?
25. One advantage the Viet Cong guerrillas had was their
Ability to blend in, knowledge of their surroundings, tunnel system
26. The death toll at My Lai might have been even greater but for
A U.S. helicopter crew stopped the killing
27. The winner of the 1968 election was
28. What did North Vietnam do after the last Americans fled Saigon?
Invaded South Vietnam
29. What was one legacy of the Vietnam War?
A flood of refugees from Southeast Asia