Vietnam War Review Definitions



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Vietnam War Review

Definitions


Gulf of Tonkin Resolution 1. congressional act giving the President nearly complete control over United States

military actions in Vietnam


Tet Offensive 2. major Viet Cong attack on towns, cities, and American bases throughout South

Vietnam
My Lai Massacre 3. incident in which American troops killed from 175 to 400 Vietnamese villagers



Domino Theory 4. the fear that if one nation falls to communism, its neighbors will soon follow

Vietnamization_ 5. policy of replacing American forces with South Vietnamese soldiers

escalation_ 6. In 1964, President Johnson began a military ____, or expansion of American

involvement, in the Vietnam War.



Teach-ins ___ 7. College professors held ____ in which they expressed opinions about the Vietnam
War.

Conscientious objectors 8. Young men who opposed fighting in a war on moral or religious grounds were ____.

Deferment __ 9. College students could postpone being drafted into military service by getting a(n)…

Ho Chi Minh Trail _ 10. Troops and supplies poured into South Vietnam from the North via the ____, a supply route that passed through Laos and Cambodia.

IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS

11. President Kennedy’s policy in Vietnam was to



He increased U.S. military advisors

12. Escalation of the war in Vietnam began with the


Passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

13. American soldiers fighting in Vietnam had to cope with


Booby traps, guerilla attacks, an enemy that blended in with the local population

14. Civilians in both North Vietnam and South Vietnam had to suffer the effects of American efforts to destroy roads and bridges through



Saturation bombing

15. In the United States, television was instrumental in


Bringing the brutality of the war into people’s living rooms

16. Some Americans questioned the fairness of the draft because


College students could easily avoid the draft

17. The Vietnam War finally ended in 1975 when



North Vietnam successfully invaded South Vietnam

18. What did the United States fear would happen if it did not get involved in Vietnam?


The rest of Southeast Asia would become Communist

19. What congressional action gave President Johnson the authority to escalate the Vietnam War?


The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

20. What was the primary focus of the protest movement of the 1960s?


The Vietnam War

21. Tensions between students who opposed the war and National Guardsmen resulted in four deaths at


Kent State

22. Who was the nationalist leader who led Vietnam against the French?


Ho Chi Minh

23. What did Congress do after the North Vietnamese attack in the Gulf of Tonkin?


Passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving the President expanded powers

24. What principle, described by President Eisenhower, became associated with American involvement in Southeast Asia?


Domino theory

25. One advantage the Viet Cong guerrillas had was their


Ability to blend in, knowledge of their surroundings, tunnel system

26. The death toll at My Lai might have been even greater but for


A U.S. helicopter crew stopped the killing

27. The winner of the 1968 election was


Richard Nixon

28. What did North Vietnam do after the last Americans fled Saigon?



Invaded South Vietnam

29. What was one legacy of the Vietnam War?



A flood of refugees from Southeast Asia


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