Video comprehension questions: What is the origin and meaning of the word Zimbabwe? Where is Great Zimbabwe located?



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Zimbabwe: The Lost City of Africa


VIDEO COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is the origin and meaning of the word Zimbabwe? Where is Great Zimbabwe located?

2. What did Portuguese explorers believe to be the origin of Great Zimbabwe, which had been abandoned by the time they rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488?

3. Who was the driving force behind European colonization efforts in Africa? What was he hoping to prove, and why?

4. Who caused the most damage to the ruins of Great Zimbabwe, and why?

5. Who discovered the truth about the builders of Great Zimbabwe, and what was it? What was the reaction to his discovery?

6. Who confirmed David Randall-MacIver's conclusions regarding the African origins of Great Zimbabwe?

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Copyright 2001 Discovery.com.

Teachers may reproduce copies of these materials for classroom use only. See next page for answers.





Zimbabwe: The Lost City of Africa
VIDEO COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS:

1. What is the origin and meaning of the word Zimbabwe? Where is Great Zimbabwe located?

The African people who lived near the ruins, the Shona, named them “Zimbabwe,” which means “sacred houses” in their language. The country of Zimbabwe took its name from these ruins after it gained its independence from Britain in 1980. Great Zimbabwe is located 200 miles south of the Zimbabwean capital city of Harare.



2. What did Portuguese explorers believe to be the origin of Great Zimbabwe, which had been abandoned by the time they rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488?

The Portuguese speculated that the abandoned ruins of Great Zimbabwe had been the site of the fabled capital city built by the Queen of Sheba following her visit to King Solomon.



3. Who was the driving force behind European colonization efforts in Africa? What was he hoping to prove, and why?

Cecil Rhodes was the driving force behind the colonization of Africa. He hoped to prove the theory that Great Zimbabwe had been the capital of an ancient Phoenician colony so that he could use this as evidence of the foreign origin of Africa. He felt this would allow him to use Africans as cheap labor for the mines, which he later learned had already been depleted a few hundred years before his arrival.



4. Who caused the most damage to the ruins of Great Zimbabwe, and why?

Richard Hall, a journalist who had no archaeological training, did the most damage to the ruins. He was eager to find Phoenician objects made of gold and, as a result, stripped the site of all of its African artifacts.



5. Who discovered the truth about the builders of Great Zimbabwe, and what was it? What was the reaction to his discovery?

In 1906 David Randall-MacIver, a British archaeologist, discovered that the true origins of the mighty walls of Great Zimbabwe were African and that they dated back to the medieval period. Randall-MacIver's conclusions were completely dismissed by the white Rhodesian government, which remained in power until 1980.



6. Who confirmed David Randall-MacIver's conclusions regarding the African origins of Great Zimbabwe?

In 1929 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, who was leading an all-women team of archaeologists, confirmed Randall-MacIver's conclusions about Great Zimbabwe's African origins.



DiscoverySchool.com

http://www.discoveryschool.com
Copyright 2001 Discovery.com.

Teachers may reproduce copies of these materials for classroom use only.


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