Video comprehension questions: How many African Americans served as Buffalo Soldiers in the U. S. Army during the Indian wars?



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Rediscovering America: Buffalo Soldiers


VIDEO COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

1. How many African Americans served as Buffalo Soldiers in the U.S. Army during the Indian wars?

2. Why did the Indians affix the name of the buffalo to these African American soldiers?

3. How were Buffalo Soldiers compensated for their military service in the U.S. Army?

4. What were the names of the four Buffalo Soldier units to serve in the U.S. military during the Indian wars?

5. What tasks did the Buffalo Soldiers perform during their military life?

6. What service did the army chaplains assigned to the Buffalo Soldier regiments provide?

7. Who was the first African American to graduate from West Point; and what hardships did he endure at the hands of his fellow classmates?

8. According to the program, where has the majority of knowledge about Buffalo Soldiers come from?

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Copyright 2001 Discovery.com.

Teachers may reproduce copies of these materials for classroom use only. See next page for answers.





Rediscovering America: Buffalo Soldiers
VIDEO COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS:

1. How many African Americans served as Buffalo Soldiers in the U.S. Army during the Indian wars?

Ten thousand African Americans served in the U.S. military as Buffalo Soldiers during the Indian wars.



2. Why did the Indians affix the name of the buffalo to these African American soldiers?

The Indians affixed the name buffalo to these African Americans because their short curly hair and black faces resembles the buffalo, and their tenacious spirit was also characteristic of the animal.



3. How were Buffalo Soldiers compensated for their military service in the U.S. Army?

Buffalo Soldiers received $13.00 a month in wages, plus food, clothing and shelter, as compensation for their military service.



4. What were the names of the four Buffalo Soldier units to serve in the U.S. military during the Indian wars?

The four Buffalo Soldier regiments serving the U.S. military during the Indian wars were: the 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments, and the 24th and 25th Infantry Regiments.



5. What tasks did the Buffalo Soldiers perform during their military life?

Buffalo Soldiers performed routine military tasks while training. They were the peacekeepers - guarding and protecting settlers on the western plains.



6. What service did the army chaplains assigned to the Buffalo Soldier regiments provide?

Army Chaplains served as teachers, responsible for increasing literacy among the Buffalo Soldier regiments.



7. Who was the first African American to graduate from West Point; and what hardships did he endure at the hands of his fellow classmates?

Henry O. Flipper was the first African American to graduate from West Point. He endured great cruelty at the hands of his classmates, receiving the "silent treatment" during his entire stay.



8. According to the program, where has the majority of knowledge about Buffalo Soldiers come from?

The majority of knowledge about the Buffalo Soldier has come from the memories of their descendants and others who keep their legacy alive.



DiscoverySchool.com

http://www.discoveryschool.com
Copyright 2001 Discovery.com.

Teachers may reproduce copies of these materials for classroom use only.


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