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GRADE: 9

VENDOR: Pearson/Prentice Hall

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS:

The American Nation: Beginnings through 1877

SUBJECT: United States History 19

COPYRIGHT: 2003

SE ISBN: 0130588482

TE ISBN: 0130588512


COMMENTS:

SOCIAL STUDIES

SPECIFIC CRITERIA FOR CONTENT AND SKILLS

GRADE NINE: UNITED STATES STUDIES TO 1900
This program of study follows the evolution of the Constitution as a living document and the role of participatory democracy in the development of a rapidly changing technological society. This study of the United States is an examination of the formative years from the Pre-Columbian civilizations to its transformation as a dominant political and economic influence in the world. Special emphasis is placed on how the challenges of settling expansive and widely-differing environments were met by a diverse population. West Virginia teachers are responsible for analyzing the benefits of technology for learning and for integrating technology appropriately in the students’ learning environment. See the related grade-level Technology Standards and Objectives.


(Vendor/Publisher)

SPECIFIC LOCATION

OF CONTENT WITHIN

PRODUCT


I = In-depth

A = Adequate

M = Minimal

N = Nonexistent



(IMR Committee)

RESPONSES

I A M N











All materials at this grade level (1) be research based and theory driven; (2) incorporate basic, accurate information that is developmentally appropriate; (3) use interactive activities that actively engage students; (4) provide students with opportunities to model and practice relevant skills; (5) develop higher order thinking opportunities; and (6) be based on national standards. The instructional materials should provide students with opportunities to:













A. CITIZENSHIP














1. compare and contrast various citizens’ responses to controversial government actions. (SS.9.1.1; 9.3.4)

  • Taxation and tariff

  • States’ rights

  • Special interest groups

X

  

  

  



















(Vendor/Publisher)

SPECIFIC LOCATION

OF CONTENT WITHIN

PRODUCT


I = In-depth

A = Adequate

M = Minimal

N = Nonexistent



(IMR Committee)

RESPONSES



I A M N





















2. explain the importance of the fundamental democratic values and principles of the United States constitutional democracy upon various groups. (SS.9.1.2)

  • Individuals

  • Communities

  • Nations

X

  

  

  



3. evaluate negative and positive aspects of decisions made by government. (SS.9.1.3)

X

  

  

  



4. explain how citizens interacting with one another monitor and influence their government. (SS.9.1.4)

  

X

  

  



5. evaluate ways conflicts can be resolved in a cooperative, peaceful manner that respects individual rights and promotes the common good. (SS.9.1.5)

  

X

  

  



  1. evaluate, take and defend positions on issues in which fundamental democratic values and principles are in conflict. (SS.9.1.6)

X

  

  

  



  1. analyze citizenship. (SS.9.1.7; 9.1.8; 9.1.11)

  • Types

  • Characteristics

  • Responsibilities

  • Privileges and rights

X

  

  

  






















B. CIVICS/GOVERNMENT

































1. identify and describe the fundamental democratic principles and values in core American documents and identify the discrepancies between the ideals and realities. (SS.9.2.1; 9.5.8; 9.2.10)

  • Mayflower Compact

  • Declaration of Independence

  • State constitutions

  • Constitution and the Bill of Rights

X

  

  

  



2. identify fundamental American democratic principles using primary sources and significant political speeches and writings. (SS.9.2.2)

X

  

  

  



3. explain the development of representative democracy in the United States and analyze how powers are acquired, used and justified. (SS.9.2.3; 9.5.22)

X

  

  

  




(Vendor/Publisher)

SPECIFIC LOCATION

OF CONTENT WITHIN

PRODUCT


I = In-depth

A = Adequate

M = Minimal

N = Nonexistent



(IMR Committee)

RESPONSES



I A M N



4. summarize documents and philosophies that are the basis for representative democracy in the United States. (SS.9.2.4)

  • Greek

  • Roman

  • John Locke

  • Magna Carta

  • English Bill of Rights

X

  

  

  



5. analyze and explain the three branches of the federal government (legislative, executive, judicial). (SS.9.2.5)

  • Organization and function

  • Separation of powers

  • Checks and balances

X

  

  

  



6. explain the steps required to amend the United States Constitution. (SS.9.2.6)

X

  

  

  



7. analyze the presidential election process, the continued use of the Electoral College and the order of presidential succession. (SS.9.2.7)

X

  

  

  



8. explain federalism and give examples of shared, delegated, reserved, and implied powers. (SS.9.2.8)

X

  

  

  



9. summarize the Constitution and the Amendments. (SS.9.2.9)

X

  

  

  



10. evaluate the degree to which public policies and citizen behaviors reflect or foster the stated ideals of a democratic, republican form of government. (SS.9.2.11)

  

X

  

  



11. evaluate, take and defend positions about functions of political leadership and the importance of public service in American democracy. (SS.9.2.12)

X

  

  

  






















C. ECONOMICS

































1. determine the relationship between production and consumption and the law of supply and demand. (SS.9.3.1)

  

  

X

  



2. examine the role of the United States government in banking, finance and monetary systems. (SS.9.3.2)

  

X

  

  



3. describe how the United States economic system changed from mercantilism to free enterprise capitalism. (SS.9.3.3)

  

X

  

  



4. analyze the labor movement as an outgrowth of industrialism. (SS.9.3.5)

  

X

  

  




(Vendor/Publisher)

SPECIFIC LOCATION

OF CONTENT WITHIN

PRODUCT


I = In-depth

A = Adequate

M = Minimal

N = Nonexistent



(IMR Committee)

RESPONSES



I A M N



5. explain the basic components of economic systems. (SS.9.3.6)

  • Capitalism

  • Socialism

  • Communism

  

  

X

  



6. identify and analyze the role of market factors in the settlement of the United States and the development of the free enterprise system. (SS.9.3.7)

  

X

  

  



7. analyze the effects of foreign trade and tariff policies of the United States. (SS.9.3.8)

  

X

  

  





















D. GEOGRAPHY

































1. analyze the role of mental maps in the movement of people across the United States. (SS.9.4.3)

  

  

X

  



2. evaluate the effects of population growth on urbanization. (SS.9.4.5)

  

X

  

  



3. interpret how people express their attachment to places and regions through media and literature. (SS.9.4.6)

X

  

  

  



4. analyze the relationship of Native American cultures to their physical environment. (SS.9.4.8)

  

X

  

  



5. describe geographic differences that contributed to economic development and regionalism prior to the Civil War. (SS.9.4.9)

  

X

  

  



6. explain settlement, population patterns and the growth of service centers. (SS.9.4.11)

X

  

  

  



7. analyze the impact of the environment on immigration and settlement patterns. (SS.9.4.12)

  

X

  

  



8. describe socioeconomic changes that occur in regions that experience population change. (SS.9.4.13)

  

X

  

  



9. analyze and explain the human impact on the environment throughout the American experience. (SS.9.4.14)

X

  

  

  



10. analyze ways in which physical and human features have influenced the evolution of significant historic events and movements. (SS.9.4.15)

X

  

  

  






















E. HISTORY

































1. describe life in America before the 17th century. (SS.9.5.1)

X

  

  

  




(Vendor/Publisher)

SPECIFIC LOCATION

OF CONTENT WITHIN

PRODUCT


I = In-depth

A = Adequate

M = Minimal

N = Nonexistent



(IMR Committee)

RESPONSES



I A M N



2. analyze and explain the contacts that occurred between Native Americans and European settlers during the age of discovery. (SS.9.5.2)

  

X

  

  



3. trace the roots and evaluate early explorations of America and describe the attraction of the New World to Europeans. (SS.9.5.3)

  • Religious

  • Social

  • Political

  • Economic

X

  

  

  



4. explain and sequence the effects of European empire building and explain how it led to the American Revolution. (SS.9.5.4)

X

  

  

  



5. identify and explain problems between the British government and the American colonies. (SS.9.5.5)

X

  

  

  



6. analyze the content of the Declaration of Independence. (SS.9.5.6)

X

  

  

  



7. analyze and explain causes and effects/consequences of the wars in America and sequence their major events. (SS.9.5.7; 9.5.18; 9.5.23)

      1. French and Indian War

      2. Revolutionary War

      3. War of 1812

      4. Civil War/Reconstruction













X

  

  

  

X

  

  

  

X

  

  

  

X

  

  

  



8. identify the Constitution as a response to the political, economic and social conditions that existed after the American Revolution. (SS.9.5.9)

X

  

  

  



9. explain the major challenges faced by the framers of the Constitution and describe the compromises reached at the Constitutional Convention. (SS.9.5.10)

X

  

  

  



10. evaluate the effects of nationalism on the constitutional, political, economic, and foreign policy issues faced by the United States in its formative years. (SS.9.5.11)

  

X

  

  



11. identify and explain the impact of major United States Supreme Court decisions. (SS.9.5.12)
  • Marbury v. Madison

  • McCollough v. Maryland

  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

X

  

  

  




(Vendor/Publisher)

SPECIFIC LOCATION

OF CONTENT WITHIN

PRODUCT


I = In-depth

A = Adequate

M = Minimal

N = Nonexistent



(IMR Committee)

RESPONSES



I A M N



12. explain the growth and change in the United States from 1801 to 1861. (SS.9.5.13; 9.5.14)

  • Exploration

  • Settlement

  • Admission of new states

X

  

  

  



13. assess the effects of United States policies on Native Americans. (SS.9.5.15)

X

  

  

  



14. describe the institution of slavery and its effect on political, economic and social development of the United States. (SS.9.5.16)

X

  

  

  



15. compare and contrast the political, economic and social conditions in the United States before and after the Civil War. (SS.9.5.17)

X

  

  

  



16. describe the effects of technological change on the United States. (SS.9.4.7; 9.5.19)

  • Agriculture

  • Transportation

  • Industry/labor

  • Quality of life

  

X

  

  



17. describe the influence and impact of diverse cultures on United States society and their assimilation into American life. (SS.9.5.21)

X

  

  

  



18. analyze and describe reform movements. (SS.9.5.20)

  • Women’s rights

  • Minorities

  • Temperance

  • Prisons/hospitals/schools

X

  

  

  













F. SKILLS
















FOUNDATION CRITERIA






1. integrate the five strands of Social Studies.

  

X

  

  



2. be successful based on individual needs and abilities.

X

  

  

  



3. use multiple intelligence strategies.

X

  

  

  



4. respond to expanded questioning strategies.

X

  

  

  



5. integrate reading strategies/techniques using Social Studies content.

X

  

  

  



6. practice reflective thinking.

X

  

  

  



7. integrate Social Studies material/content across the curriculum.

X

  

  

  



8. apply contextual learning concepts.

X

  

  

  



9. develop discriminating memory.

X

  

  

  




(Vendor/Publisher)

SPECIFIC LOCATION

OF CONTENT WITHIN

PRODUCT


I = In-depth

A = Adequate

M = Minimal

N = Nonexistent



(IMR Committee)

RESPONSES



I A M N



10. understand and manage change and continuity.

X

  

  

  



11. develop historical empathy.

X

  

  

  



12. analyze the complexity of history.

X

  

  

  



13. engage as active learners.

X

  

  

  



14. practice workplace process skills.

  

X

  

  



15. understand cultural diversity.

X

  

  

  













BASIC SKILLS IN SOCIAL STUDIES






1. locate, access, analyze, organize, sequence, synthesize, and evaluate information and make reasoned judgments.

X

  

  

  



2. analyze and interpret information and draw conclusions from maps, charts, graphs, timelines, and tables.

X

  

  

  



3. participate in discussion, defense of positions, and debate.

X

  

  

  



4. integrate writing (e.g., creative, self-expression, journaling), reflection and metacognition.

X

  

  

  



5. read a variety of sources for historical understanding and perspective.

X

  

  

  



6. read a variety of print sources for critical understanding.

X

  

  

  



7. learn and use vocabulary, terms and terminology essential for understanding Social Studies.

X

  

  

  



8. listen to information to gain knowledge and follow directions.

X

  

  

  













SKILLS IN CITIZENSHIP






1. participate in activities of school, community and nation.

X

  

  

  



2. resolve conflicts peacefully.

  

  

X

  



3. participate in volunteer projects.

  

X

  

  



4. evaluate, take and defend positions.

X

  

  

  



5. interact with, monitor and influence government at all levels.

  

X

  

  













SKILLS IN CIVICS/GOVERNMENT






1. interpret political cartoons.

X

  

  

  



2. analyze current and historical documents.

X

  

  

  













SKILLS IN ECONOMICS






1. read, interpret and draw conclusions from tables, graphs and charts.

X

  

  

  




(Vendor/Publisher)

SPECIFIC LOCATION

OF CONTENT WITHIN

PRODUCT


I = In-depth

A = Adequate

M = Minimal

N = Nonexistent



(IMR Committee)

RESPONSES



I A M N



2. apply economic concepts to current and historical settings.

X

  

  

  



3. predict economic trends.

  

  

X

  













SKILLS IN GEOGRAPHY






1. select, analyze and design maps to organize geographic information.

X

  

  

  



2. select, analyze and design graphs, diagrams and tables to organize geographic information.

X

  

  

  



3. make inferences and draw conclusions from maps and geographic representations.

X

  

  

  



4. locate places, landforms and regions on appropriate maps.

X

  

  

  












SKILLS IN HISTORY






1. analyze, gather and interpret historical information.

X

  

  

  



2. use historical inquiry to detect bias and emotional appeal in historical information.

X

  

  

  



3. recognize valid interpretations and factual accuracy in historical data.

X

  

  

  













G. ASSESSMENT















1. practice in a format commensurate with West Virginia Assessment programs.

  • Norm referenced

  • State writing assessment

  • NAEP

  • Informal assessment

  • Criterion referenced

X

  

  

  



2. practice using project format, portfolios and/or performance based measures.

X

  

  

  



3. practice for standardized assessments, open-ended questioning, checkpoint benchmarks, miscue analysis, and rubrics.

X

  

  

  



4. use a variety of assessment techniques.

  • True/false

  • Selected response

  • Short answer

  • Extended response

  • Essay

X

  

  

  




(Vendor/Publisher)

SPECIFIC LOCATION

OF CONTENT WITHIN

PRODUCT


I = In-depth

A = Adequate

M = Minimal

N = Nonexistent



(IMR Committee)

RESPONSES



I A M N













H. TECHNOLOGY















  1. use a variety of technological tools.




  1. Conduct online research.

  2. Create, publish and present projects related to content areas.

  3. Integrate advanced technology skills, word processor, database, and spreadsheets.

  4. Select and use appropriate technology tools to collect, analyze and display data relevant to class assignments.

  5. Use multi-media (VCRs, CDs, LDs, DVDs, cassette tapes with audio versions of the text).

  6. Use teacher planning tools.




X

  

  

  

X

  

  

  

X

  

  

  

X

  

  

  

X

  

  

  

X

  

  

  



2. practice ethical behavior in using computer-based technology.

X

  

  

  



3. adhere to Fair Use and Multimedia Copyright guidelines, citing sources in papers, projects, and multi-media presentations.

X

  

  

  



4. analyze websites with information related to the content.

X

  

  

  



5. use expert systems, intelligent agents and simulations in real world problems.

X

  

  

  



6. run materials at computer level capacity.

X

  

  

  



7. access juried websites, materials and lesson plans.

X

  

  

  



8. use materials in standard formats that are easily accessed by teachers, parents and students from school and home.

X

  

  

  




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