VCE Revolutions Units 3 and 4
Some of the print resources contained in this list may be out of print. They have been included because they may still be available from libraries, bookshops and private collections.
At the time of publication the URLs (website addresses) cited were checked for accuracy and appropriateness of content. However, due to the transient nature of material placed on the web, their continuing accuracy cannot be verified. Teachers are strongly advised to prepare their own indexes of sites that are suitable and applicable to the courses they teach, and to check these addresses prior to allowing student access.
The American Revolution
Cantwell, J 2005, The Spirit of Change: America in Revolution, McGraw-Hill, Sydney.
Thompson, S 2010, Forging America (A Study in Revolution Series), History Teachers’ Association of Victoria, Melbourne.
Thompson, S 2005, Revolution: America Student Workbook, History Teachers’ Association of Victoria, Melbourne.
Toohey, V & Butcher, A (forthcoming as digital PDF/interactive) Analysing the American Revolution, Cambridge, Melbourne.
Bailyn, B (ed.) 1965, Pamphlets of the American Revolution, 1750–1776, vol. 1, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, MA.
Bailyn, B (ed.) 1992, The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution, Harvard University Press, MA.
Commager, HS & Morris, RB (eds.) 1995, The Spirit of Seventy Six: the Story of the American Revolution as told by its participants, Da Capo Press, New York.
Beard, CA 1913, An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States,
The Macmillan Company, New York.
Booth, SS 1973, The women of '76, Hastings House, New York.
Countryman, E 1985, The American Revolution, Penguin, UK.
Egnal, M 1980, ‘The Origins of the Revolution in Virginia: A Reinterpretation’, The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 37, No. 3, July.
Ellis, J 2007, American Creation: Triumphs and tragedies at the founding of the Republic, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.
Evans, E 1975, Weathering the Storm, Scribner, New York.
Fleming, T 1997, Liberty: The American Revolution, Viking, New York.
Hackett Fischer, D 1995, Paul Revere’s Ride, Oxford University Press, New York.
Hibbert, C 1990, Redcoats and Rebels: The War For America, 1770–1781, Grafton Books, Grafton.
Holton, W. 1999 Forced Founders: Indians, Debtors, Slaves and the making of the American Revolution in Virginia, University of North Carolina, Williamsburg.
Kerber, LK 1980, Women of the Republic: Intellect and Ideology in Revolutionary America, University of North Carolina Press, Williamsburg.
Knollenberg, B 1975, Growth of the American Revolution 1766–1775, Free Press, New York.
Lengel, EG 2011, Inventing George Washington, Harper, New York.
Mayo, B 1963, Myths & Men: Patrick Henry, George Washington [and] Thomas Jefferson, Harper Torchbooks, New York.
McDonnell, MA 2007, The Politics of War: Race, Class, and Conflict in Revolutionary Virginia, The University of North Carolina Press, Williamsburg.
Miller, JC 1960, Sam Adams: Pioneer in Propaganda, Oxford University Press, Stanford.
Nash, GB 1974, Red, white, and black: the peoples of early America, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
Nevins, A & Commager HS 1961 America: The Story of a Free People, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Norton, MB 1980, Liberty’s Daughters: The Revolutionary Experience of American Women, 1750–1800, Cornell University Press, New York.
Norton, MB 1972, The British Americans: The Loyalist Exiles in England 1774–1789, Little, Brown, London.
Phillips, D 1984, Empire of Liberty? United States History from 1492, Pitman, Carlton.
Raphael, R 2001, A People’s History of the American Revolution, New Press, New York.
Van Schreeven, WJ & Scribner, RL (ed.) 1983, Revolutionary Virginia: The Road to Independence, vol. 1, Forming Thunderclouds and the First Convention, 1763–1774, University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.
Van Tyne, CH 1951, The Causes of the War of Independence, American Philosophical Society, New York.
Wiencek, H 2004, An Imperfect God: George Washington, His Slaves, and the Creation of America, Macmillan, London.
Wood, GS 2002, The American Revolution, A History, Random House, New York.
Wood, GS 1966, ‘Rhetoric and Reality in the American Revolution’, William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 23, No. 1, Jan.
Young, AF, Fife, TJ & Janzen, ME 1993, We the People: Voices and Images of the New Nation, Temple University Press, Philadelphia.
Zinn, H 1980, A People's History Of The United States, Harper & Row, New York.
Online document collections
American Archives: Documents of the American Revolution, 1774–1776, University of Chicago.
Colonial Williamsburg curated site with a wide range of multimedia resources and reproduction of key historical documents.
Annotated Newspapers of Harbottle Dorr, Jr.
Collection of 805 newspaper issues published between 1765 and 1776 in Boston and surrounding towns.
The Articles of Confederation, Library of Congress website.
Avalon Project: Yale Law School
All the major documents of 18th century American History.
Over 165,000 searchable documents, fully annotated, from the authoritative Founding Fathers Papers projects includes correspondence: George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams (and family), Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison.
George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741–1799:
The complete George Washington Papers approximately 65,000 documents.
Newspapers from 1736 to 1780: from the earliest known issue of the Virginia Gazette
(10 September, 1736) to the last issue (9 December, 1780).
The French Revolution
Adcock, M 2009, Analysing the French Revolution, 2nd edn, Cambridge Education, Melbourne.
Fenwick, J & Anderson, J 2011, Liberating France – A Study in Revolution, History Teachers’ Association of Victoria, Melbourne.
Hardman, J 1981, The French Revolution: The Fall of the Ancien Regime to the Thermidorean Reaction, 1785–1795, Edward Arnold, London.
Mason, J & Marriner, FJ 1982, Revolution, McGraw-Hill, Sydney.
Townson, D 1990, France in Revolution, Hodder & Stoughton, London.
Beik, P (ed.) 1971, The French Revolution, ‘Documentary History of World Civilization’ series, Walker, New York.
Cowie, LW 1987, The French Revolution: Documents and Debates, Macmillan, London.
Frauenfelder, P (ed.) 1997, The French Revolution (vols 1–4), State Library of Victoria, Melbourne.
Hunt, L (trans. and ed.) 1996, The French Revolution and Human Rights: A Brief Documentary History, ‘Bedford Series in History and Culture’ series, St Martin’s Press, Boston.
Kelly, L 1987, Women of the French Revolution, Penguin, London.
Mason, L et al. 1999, The French Revolution – A Document Collection, Houghton, London.
Andress, D 2015, The Oxford Handbook of the French Revolution, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Andress, D 2006, The French Revolution and the People, Bloomsbury Academic, London.
Ballard, R 2011, A New Dictionary of the French Revolution, Tauris & Co., London.
Bosher, JF 1988, The French Revolution, Norton, New York.
Bouloiseau, M 1987, The Jacobin Republic, 1792–94, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Cobban, A 1965, Aspects of the French Revolution, Paladin, London.
Desan, S (ed. by) 2013, The French Revolution in Global Perspective, Cornell University Press, New York.
Doyle, W 1980, Origins of the French Revolution, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Doyle, W 2013, France and the Age of Revolution: Regimes Old and New from Louis XIV to Napoleon Bonaparte, Tauris, London.
Doyle, W 2001, The French Revolution: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Doyle, W 1989. The Oxford History of the French Revolution, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Furet, F & Ozouf, M (eds) 1989, Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Massachusetts.
Hanson, PR 2007, The A to Z of the French Revolution, Scarecrow Press, Maryland.
Hibbert, C 1980, The French Revolution, Penguin, London.
Jones, C 1987, The Longman Companion to the French Revolution, Penguin, London.
Kennedy, E 1989, A Cultural History of the French Revolution, Yale University Press, New Haven.
Lefebvre, G 1962–64, The French Revolution (2 vols), Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.
Lefebvre, G 1967, The Coming of the French Revolution, Princeton University Press, Princeton.
McPhee, P (ed), 2013, A Companion to the French Revolution, Blackwell Publishing, Sussex.
McPhee, P 1993, A Social History of the France, Routledge, London.
McPhee, P 2004, A Social History of France 1789–1914, Palgrave, New York.
McPhee, P 2009, Living the French Revolution, Palgrave, New York.
McPhee, P 2013, Robespierre: A Revolutionary Life, Yale University Press, Yale.
Rude, G 1959, The Crowd in the French Revolution, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Rude, G 1964, Revolutionary Europe, 1783–1815, Fontana, London.
Schama, S 1989, Citizens, Penguin, London.
Stone, B 2002, Reinterpreting French Revolution, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Soboul, A 1974, The French Revolution, 1787–1799: From the Storming of the Bastille to Napoleon, Vintage Books, New York.
Sutherland, DMG 1985, France, 1789–1815: Revolution and Counter-Revolution, Collins-Fontana, London.
Sutherland, DMG 2003, The French Revolution and Empire, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.
Vovelle, M 1984, The Fall of the French Monarchy, 1787–1792, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Films and documentaries
A Guide to the French Revolution
(Instant Expert Series, documentary), 2010, History Channel.
The Rise and Fall of Versailles
(film), 2013, Madman Films.
(viewed 1 March 2015).
Coursera: The French Revolution (viewed 1 March 2015).
Online course taught by Peter McPhee (The University of Melbourne).
Transcripts of historical documents such as the London Gazette, 1789 (viewed 10 July 2015).
The Russian Revolution
Corin, C & Fiehn, T 2002, Communist Russia Under Lenin and Stalin, John Murrary, London.
Lynch, M 2005, Reaction and Revolution: Russia 1894–1924, 3rd edn, Hodder Murray, London.
Lynch, M 2008, From Autocracy to Communism: Russia 1894–1941, Hodder Education, London.
Lynch, M 2005, Bolshevik and Stalinist Russia 1918–56, 3rd edn, Hodder Murray, London.
Malone, R 2009, Analysing the Russian Revolution, Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne.
Malone, R 2015, Analysing the Russian Revolution, 2nd edn, Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne.
Morcombe, M & Fielding, M 2003, The Spirit of Change: Russia in Revolution, McGraw-Hill, Sydney.
Perfect, L, Ryan, T & Sweeney, S 2008, Reinventing Russia: A Study in Revolution, History Teachers’ Association of Victoria, Melbourne.
Perfect, L, Ryan, T & Sweeney S 2015, Reinventing Russia: The Revolutionary Experience, 2nd edn, History Teachers’ Association of Victoria, Melbourne.
Webb, K 2015, Russia and the Soviet Union, Cengage Learning, Melbourne.
Bruce, LW 1999, Red Victory: A History of the Russian Civil War 1918–1921, Da Capo Press,
Chamberlin, WH 1965, The Russian Revolution 1917–18: From the Over of the Czar to the Assumption of Power by the Bolsheviks, Volume I; The Russian Revolution 1918–1921: From the Civil War to the Consolidation of Power, Volume II, The Universal Library, New York.
Darby, G 1998, The Russian Revolution: Tsarism to Bolshevism 1861–1924, Longman, London.
Figes, O 1996, A People’s Tragedy: The Russian Revolution 1891–1924, Pimlico, London.
Figes, O 2014, Revolutionary Russia 1891–1991, Metropolitan Books, New York.
Fitzpatrick, S 2008, The Russian Revolution, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Hill, C 1971, Lenin and the Russian Revolution, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth.
Kenez, P 1999, A History of the Soviet Union from the Beginning to the End, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Kowalski, R 1997, The Russian Revolution 1917–1921, Routledge, London.
Lee, SJ 2003, Lenin and Revolutionary Russia, Routledge, New York.
Miller, M (ed.) 2001, The Russian Revolution: Blackwell Essential Readings in History, Blackwell, Oxford.
Pipes, R 1996, A Concise History of the Russian Revolution, Vintage Books, New York.
Pipes, R 1998, Three Whys of the Russian Revolution, Pimlico, London.
Pipes, R 1991, The Russian Revolution, Vintage Books, New York.
Rabinowitch, A 2007, The Bolsheviks in Power: The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd, Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
Rabinowitch, A 2004, The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd, Haymarket Books and Pluto Press, Chicago.
Service, R 2002, Lenin: A Biography, Pan Books, London.
Service, R 1999, The Russian Revolution 1900–1927, Palgrave, New York.
Shukman, H (ed.) 1988, The Blackwell Encyclopedia of the Russian Revolution, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford.
Smith, SA 2002, The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Steinberg, M 2001, Voices of Revolution, 1917, Yale University Press, New Haven.
Suny, R 1998, The Soviet Experiment: Russia, The USSR and the Successor States, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Wade, R (ed.) 2004, Revolutionary Russia: New Approaches, Routledge, New York.
Wade, R 2000, The Russian Revolution, 1917, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
White, J 1994, The Russian Revolution: A Short History, Palgrave, London.
Williams, B 2000, Lenin, Pearson Education, Essex.
Wood, A 1993, The Origins of the Russian Revolution: 1861–1917, Routledge, London.
Steinberg, M 2003, A History of Russia: From Peter the Great to Gorbachev, The Teaching Company, Chantilly. A lecture series from the Teaching Company’s Great Courses series. Steinberg lectures on the revolutionary period give insightful and accessible overviews of significant topics.
This Library of Congress website exhibits the photographs of Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii. The photos have been coloured and give a strikingly visual portrayal of Tsarist Russia.
This Spartacus Educational web page provides short biographies of revolutionary leaders, suggested classroom activities, links and overviews of important events.
The Marxist Internet Archive provides a wealth of information on revolutionary leaders, ideas and movements.
This Bucknell University website has useful links to further sites on Russian history.
Orlando Figes’ website contains useful summaries and supplementary material to complement Figes’ Revolutionary Russia text. Subscribers have access to further material.
Bob Atchison’s Alexander Palace Time Machine site has useful links to resources on the Romanov dynasty.
Films and documentaries
Nicholas and Alexandra
(film), 1971, UK, director Franklin J. Schaffner.
October: Ten Days that Shook the World
(film), 1927, USSR, director Sergei Eisenstein.
(film), 1985, USSR, director Elem Klimov.
Russian Revolution in Colour
(documentary), 2004, Cineflix International.
Dramatised reconstructions and colourised archive footage show the significant events of the Russian Revolution. From the perspective of the Kronstadt sailors.
Red Chapters: The Hunt for True October
(documentary), 2005, SBS.
Overview of the October Revolution.
Lenin’s Secret Files
(documentary), 1997, InVision Productions.
Interviews with a range of historians such as Steve Smith and Robert Service.
The Chinese Revolution
Buggy, T 1988, The Long Revolution: A History of Modern China, Shakespeare Head Press, NSW.
Gates, C & Morgan, E 2015, China and Revolution, Cengage Learning, Melbourne.
Lynch, M 2010, China: From Empire to People’s Republic 1900–49, 2nd edn, Hodder Education, London.
Lynch, M 2008, The People’s Republic of China 1949–76, 2nd edn, Hodder Education, London.
Morcombe, M & Fielding, M 1999, The Spirit of Change: China in Revolution, McGraw-Hill, Sydney.
McDonald, D 1997, The Chinese Revolution A Student Handbook, 2nd edn, History Teachers’ Association of Victoria, Melbourne.
Ryan, T 2009, China Rising: A Study in Revolution, History Teachers’ Association of Victoria, Melbourne.
Ryan T 2015, China Rising: The Revolutionary Experience, 2nd edn, History Teachers’ Association of Victoria, Melbourne.
Sowdon, T 2015, Analysing the Chinese Revolution, 2nd edn, Cambridge, Melbourne.
Becker, J 1996, Hungry Ghosts, China’s Secret Famine, John Murray, London.
Benton, G & Chun, L 2010, Was Mao Really a Monster? The Academic Response to Chang and Halliday’s Mao the Unknown Story, Routledge, London.
Chang, J & Halliday, J 2005, Mao: The Unknown Story, Jonathan Cape, London.
Cushing, L & Tompkins. A. 2007, Chinese Posters: Art from the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Chronicle Books, San Francisco.
Dietrich, C 1994, People’s China: A Brief History, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Dikotter, F 2013, The Tragedy of Liberation: A History of the Chinese Revolution 1945–57, Bloomsbury, UK.
Ebrey, P 2006, China: A Cultural, Social and Political History, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
Fairbank, JK 1988, The Great Chinese Revolution 1800–1985, Picador, London.
Feigon, L 2002, Mao: A Reinterpretation, Ivan R. Dee, Chicago.
Fenby, J 2008, Modern China, HarperCollins, New York.
Gao, M 2008, The Battle for China’s Past: Mao and the Cultural Revolution, Pluto Press, Ann Arbor.
Gay, K 2009, The Aftermath of the Chinese Nationalist Revolution, Twenty-First Century Books. Minneapolis.
Gray, J 1990, Rebellions and Revolutions China from the 1880s to the 1980s, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
Hsu, I 1995, The Rise of Modern China, 5th edn, Oxford University Press, New York.
Jocelyn, E & McEwen, A 2006, The Long March: The True Story behind the Legendary Journey that Made Mao’s China, Constable & Robinson, London.
Landsberger, S & Van Der Heijehen, M 2009, Chinese Posters. Prestel Verlag, Munich.
Lawrence, A 2000, China Under Communism, Routledge, London.
Li, Z 1994, The Private Life of Chairman Mao: The Inside Story of the Man Who Made Modern China, Chatto & Windus, London.
MacFarquhar, R & Schoenhals, M 2006, Mao’s Last Revolution, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
Mitter, R 2008, Modern China: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Mitter, R 2013, China’s War with Japan 1937–1945: The Struggle for Survival, Allen Lane, London.
Moise, E 1994, Modern China: A History, Longman, London.
Short, P 2004, Mao: A Life, John Murray, London.
Spence, J 1990, In Search of Modern China, W.W. Norton & Co., New York.
Sun, S 2006, The Long March, HarperCollins, London.
Terrill, R 1995, Mao: A Biography, Hale & Ironmonger, Sydney.
Chang, J 1991, Wild Swans: Three Daughters of China, HarperCollins, London.
Cheng, N 1995, Life and Death in Shanghai, Flamingo, London.
Li, Z 2003, Red-color News Soldier, Phaidon Press, London.
Ma, B 1995, Blood Red Sunset: A Memoir of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth.
Wu, H 1994, Bitter Winds: A Memoir of My Years in China’s Gulag, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Wu, N 1993, A Single Tear, Sceptre, UK.
Yuan, G 1987, Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution, Stanford University Press, Stanford.
Films and documentaries
Empire of the Sun
(film), 1987, Warner Brothers, director Steven Spielberg.
The film of JG Ballard’s autobiographical story of the fall of Shanghai in 1941.
(film), 1994, director Zhang Yimou.
Traces the life of one family from life under the Nationalists to the Cultural Revolution.
Why we fight series: The Battle for China (short films), 1942–44.
This series commissioned by the US Government and made by Frank Capra were for propaganda purposes. They provide a fascinating insight into perceptions of China and its war with Japan from the perspective of America at the time.
China: The Long March
(documentary), 1986, Independent Productions, Sydney.
Australian film crew retraces the Long March.
As It Happened: Mao – A Life
(documentary), 2006, SBS.
Explores the life of Mao Zedong over three episodes. Based on Philip Short’s biography.
As It Happened: The Long March
(documentary), 2008, SBS.
An informative overview of the Long March.
Chairman Mao: The Last Emperor
(documentary), 1993, BBC.
Contains many interesting interviews.
(documentary), 2003, Long Bow Group.
Covers the Cultural Revolution.
People’s Century: Great Leap
(documentary), 1997, BBC.
Overview of the revolutionary period, particularly regarding life in the People’s Republic of China.
Red Chapters: The Play’s the Thing
(documentary), 1999, SBS.
Takes a theatrical approach to explaining the Cultural Revolution: Mao is the director, the Red Guards his chorus line, and all the actors follow a set script.
Red Chapters: The Heroes of Dadu
(documentary), 1999, SBS.
Covers the legend and importance of the Long March.
Hammond, K From Yao to Mao. The Great Courses: lecture series covering the entirety of Chinese history from ancient to modern times.
Baum, R The Fall and Rise of China. The Great Courses: lecture series covering the late Qing period through to modern day China.
The John Fairbank Memorial Chinese History Virtual Library: Collection of well-organised, comprehensive links to other sites.
A resource for Chinese Revolution propaganda posters.
Accessible topic overviews, documents and links. Designed with VCE students in mind.
Provides a range of source information on China from 1911 to the current day.
The Cultural Revolution. Developed by the producers of the documentary of the same name.
Provides background to and further information on Sydney Rittenberg, whose story is told through the film promoted by this site.