Emancipation - freedom from slavery for all African Americans.
Students will be able to explain the concept of Manifest Destiny by evaluating the events that led the United States to claim new territories through war and treaties with other countries. Notes:
1. Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821.
2. Shortly afterwards, Americans began settling in Texas.
3. The settlers, however, did not obey Mexico’s laws.
4. Mexico banned immigration and prohibited slaves from being brought into the state.
5. Mexico sent troops to Texas to enforce its laws & the Texans fought back.
6. The Texas Revolution had begun.
7. Americans believed in manifest destiny, the idea that the United States was meant to expand across the continent to the Pacific Ocean. Odd & Ends
1. Tejanos were settlers of Spanish descent who lived in Texas.
2. The Mexican government sent troops to Texas to b. enforce Mexican laws.
3. The Texas army captured General Antonio López de Santa Anna at San Jacinto.
4. The journey along the Oregon Trail to the Pacific Northwest usually took settlers about six months.
5. The Mormon Trail was followed by pioneers who had been persecuted for their religious beliefs and practices.
6. The U.S.-Canada border and the ownership of Oregon were settled by a treaty with Britain.
7. Border disputes and the annexation of Texas by the United States led to the Mexican War.
8. The United States gained much of Mexico’s northern territory in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
USHX: 3.4: Expanding West
1. c 6. b
2. b 7. d
3. c 8. c
4. b 9. a
5. a 10. d BCR 11. The Texans fought a revolution against Mexico. The Texans lost battles at the Alamo and at Goliad, but later won at San Jacinto. Mexico recognized Texas independence, and the Republic of Texas became an independent nation in 1836.
BCR 12. As settlers began to move west, their journey usually began in late spring and lasted about six months. It was often a difficult journey, as many people traveled in wagon trains, which crossed the northern Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains. BCR 13. By the 1840s, most Americans believed in Manifest Destiny, the idea that the United States was meant to expand across the continent to the Pacific Ocean. In 1845 Congress voted to annex Texas from Mexico. In response, Mexico cut off diplomatic relations with the United States. President Polk ordered soldiers to Texas. After Mexican troops attacked U.S. soldiers, Congress declared war on Mexico.
1. the Everglades; Lake Okeechobee
2. In the north, including the Panhandle; in the west-central part of peninsular Florida
3. Fort Dade (1835), Ft. Mellon (1837), Ft. Jupiter (1838), Ft. Lauderdale (1842)
4. Fowltown (1817), Suwannee (1818)
5. BCR. Many of the areas were swampy, making the movement of troops difficult. Tropical diseases could also have hindered the troops. Some Seminole might have hidden in the Everglades and other areas that were difficult to penetrate. Summary: In today’s lesson we learned that Americans believed in Manifest Destiny. This was the idea that the United States was meant to expand across the continent to the Pacific Ocean. Homework: Manifest Destiny & Forty-Niners
Between 1817 and 1842, the United States fought two wars with the Seminoles of Florida. By the end of these wars, most of the Seminoles had been removed to Indian Territory in the present state of Oklahoma. The map below shows Florida and the sites of major battles during the Seminole Wars. Study the map, and then answer the questions that follow.
1. What large swamp is located in southern Florida? What lake is located just to its north?
2. Generally speaking, in what part of Florida did the Seminole live from 1740 to 1822? Where did they live from 1822 to 1842?
3. What forts were scenes of battles? When did these battles take place?
4. What Seminole villages were scenes of battles? When did these battles take place?
5. BCR Consider the information shown on the map, and suggest why U.S. forces had trouble defeating the Seminole. How might some
Seminole have managed to avoid relocation after 1842?