Us in the Modern World Final Exam True/False Answer 10



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US in the Modern World Final Exam

True/False - Answer 10

Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.

____ 1. American troops are still based in Korea today.

____ 2. With the Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War, the United States became an imperial power.

____ 3. The Big Four were enthusiastic about Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points and included most of them in the Treaty of Versailles.

____ 4. Supporters of appeasement believed that Hitler had a few limited demands and that they could avoid war if they satisfied these demands.

____ 5. Soon after the American troops left, the North Vietnamese invaded South Vietnam and united Vietnam under Communist rule.

____ 6. Ngo Dinh Diem was Catholic and discriminated against his country's Buddhists.

____ 7. Adolf Hitler committed suicide.

____ 8. In the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese sank or badly damaged most of the U.S. Navy's aircraft carriers.

____ 9. Woodrow Wilson wanted Victoriano Huerta to be in power in Mexico because Huerta appeared to support democracy, constitutional government, and land reform.

____ 10. General MacArthur wanted to use the atomic bomb against China during the Korean War.

____ 11. In World War II, the United States suffered more casualties in combat than any of its allies.

____ 12. The America First Committee was an isolationist group.

____ 13. The Rough Riders were a cavalry unit commanded by Theodore Roosevelt.

____ 14. Evidence revealed that the American warship Maine was blown up by a Spanish mine.

____ 15. Kristallnacht was a night of spontaneous rioting by the German people, enraged over the killing of a German diplomat by a Jewish refugee.

____ 16. The Warren Commission concluded that Kennedy's assassin acted alone.

____ 17. The outcome of the 1960 election between Nixon and Kennedy was one of the closest in American history.

____ 18. Truman's loyalty review program calmed public fears that Communists had infiltrated the government.

____ 19. The Bay of Pigs action successfully pressured the Soviets into removing their missiles from Cuba.

____ 20. Despite the war's outcome, most American soldiers returned from Vietnam to parades and celebrations from a grateful nation.

____ 21. The Tet offensive was a major military victory for North Vietnam.

____ 22. After the Chinese civil war, Communist China became a member of the United Nations.

____ 23. World War II put an end to the Great Depression.

____ 24. Americans were encouraged to spy on their neighbors and report if they spoke against the war.

____ 25. The only part of the 14 Points left in the peace treaty was freedom of the seas.

____ 26. The Vietcong overthrew the Diem government in 1963.

Multiple Choice - Answer 50

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Adolf Hitler blamed Germany’s defeat in World War I on the



a.

Slavs.

b.

weak German ruler.

c.

Jews.

d.

democratic form of government.

____ 2. A main reason President Johnson refused to order a full-scale invasion of North Vietnam was his fear that it would



a.

bring China into the war.

b.

result in a staggering loss of American lives.

c.

strengthen the North Vietnamese will to fight.

d.

horrify the American public, ruining him politically.

____ 3. World War I was the first war in which



a.

African American soldiers were not segregated from white soldiers.

b.

the military drafted African American men.

c.

the government officially imposed conscription.

d.

women officially served in the armed forces.

____ 4. In South Vietnam, a monk set himself on fire to protest



a.

Western influences in his country.

b.

the war.

c.

discrimination against Buddhists.

d.

extreme religious ceremonies.

____ 5. The Triple Alliance included



a.

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.

b.

Britain, France, and Russia.

c.

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia.

d.

Britain, France, and the United States.

____ 6. Truman said the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan were essential for



a.

world economic recovery.

b.

world peace.

c.

containment.

d.

American prosperity.

____ 7. The Pentagon Papers revealed that



a.

the government had not been honest with the public about Vietnam.

b.

American soldiers had massacred Vietnamese civilians at My Lai.

c.

American prisoners of war were being tortured in North Vietnamese prisons.

d.

many more Americans had died in Vietnam than had been reported.

____ 8. The Korean War resulted in



a.

victory for the United Nations.

b.

victory for South Korea.

c.

victory for North Korea.

d.

containment but no victory.

____ 9. As the fighting began between the Vietcong and South Vietnamese army, President Eisenhower tried to help South Vietnam by sending



a.

food.

b.

American troops.

c.

military advisers.

d.

napalm.

____ 10. The Platt Amendment effectively made Cuba into an American



a.

state.

b.

protectorate.

c.

unincorporated territory.

d.

colony.

____ 11. Theodore Roosevelt was chosen as McKinley’s running mate in the 1900 election because of his



a.

skill in foreign policy.

b.

charisma and war fame.

c.

reform-minded spirit.

d.

rise from poverty.

____ 12. Joseph McCarthy created the media frenzy that began his witch hunt by



a.

saying that he had a list of Communists employed by the State Department.

b.

saying that there were spies in the United States Army.

c.

accusing Alger Hiss of being a Soviet spy.

d.

urging the House Un-American Activities Committee to hold open hearings.

____ 13. In the Battle of Britain,



a.

the British sunk most of the German ships that crossed the English Channel.

b.

British troops defeated the German ground invasion.

c.

the German air force destroyed the Royal Air Force.

d.

the Royal Air Force saved Britain from invasion.

____ 14. Woodrow Wilson used Mexico’s refusal to apologize for arresting American sailors in Tampico as an excuse to



a.

deport Mexican citizens in the United States back to Mexico.

b.

conduct a series of raids across the border into Mexico.

c.

attempt to overthrow the Mexican government.

d.

arrest Mexican sailors currently in United States ports.

____ 15. Theodore Roosevelt became president



a.

when McKinley died of pneumonia.

b.

by defeating William McKinley.

c.

by defeating William Jennings Bryan.

d.

when McKinley was assassinated.

____ 16. Theodore Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for negotiating peace



a.

among factions in Korea.

b.

between Russia and Japan.

c.

between China and Japan.

d.

among Russia and European powers.

____ 17. With the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, Congress



a.

declared war on North Vietnam.

b.

gave its war powers to the president.

c.

increased aid to South Vietnam.

d.

committed to a limited war only.

____ 18. The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to



a.

help Western Europe recover.

b.

prevent Germany from rearming.

c.

punish Germany for World War II.

d.

keep Communist countries weak.

____ 19. The purpose of the Open Door policy in China was to



a.

ensure trading rights for all nations.

b.

establish spheres of influence.

c.

end the Boxer Rebellion.

d.

gain leaseholds.

____ 20. Two causes of the rise of dictatorships after World War I were



a.

the peace treaty and lack of strong leadership after the war.

b.

the peace treaty and economic depression.

c.

new political ideas and economic depression.

d.

new political ideas and lack of strong leadership after the war.

____ 21. American support for the rebels in Cuba was fueled by



a.

the fear of having a Spanish colony so close to the United States.

b.

sensational stories published by rival newspapers.

c.

popular interest in starting an American empire by taking control of Cuba.

d.

the desire to protect American sugar interests on the island.

____ 22. The outcome of the 1960 presidential election was strongly influenced by



a.

Nixon’s “Checkers speech.”

b.

Kennedy’s stand on communism.

c.

the televised debates.

d.

reapportionment.

____ 23. Which of the following choices best completes the diagram about the agreement ending the Cuban missile crisis?





a.

remove missiles from China.

b.

remove missiles from Turkey.

c.

remove missiles from Florida.

d.

remove missiles from Alaska.

____ 24. Kennedy’s legislative agenda was called the



a.

Great Society.

b.

New Frontier.

c.

Square Deal.

d.

Fair Deal.

____ 25. Operation Rolling Thunder was



a.

a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam.

b.

the first combat operation in which American ground troops participated.

c.

an invasion of Cambodia.

d.

an invasion of North Vietnam.

____ 26. Woodrow Wilson sent marines into several Latin American countries to



a.

set up stable democratic governments in Latin America.

b.

protect the southwestern border of the United States from attack.

c.

preserve trading rights for American companies in Latin America.

d.

protect United States citizens living in Latin America when civil wars broke out there.

____ 27. Which of the following choices best completes the diagram?





a.

V-E Day

b.

D-Day

c.

V-G Day

d.

Double-V Day

____ 28. The Vietcong’s power continued to increase in part because of



a.

the Vietnamese distrust of the U.S.

b.

the strong belief in communism.

c.

the Vietcong’s use of terror.

d.

the use of terror by South Vietnam.

____ 29. Iwo Jima was an important objective for the American military because



a.

the main Japanese naval force was stationed there.

b.

the Japanese were using it as a base to attack the U.S. fleet.

c.

the islands were an important link in the Japanese supply lines.

d.

U.S. planes could bomb Japan from there.

____ 30. When the French left Vietnam, the United States stepped in to



a.

protect the pro-Western government in the South.

b.

make sure free elections were held, as specified by the Geneva Accords.

c.

try to cause a popular uprising against the Communist ruler in North Vietnam.

d.

act as peacekeeper along the border between North and South Vietnam.

____ 31. The Neutrality Act of 1935 made it illegal for



a.

Congress to declare war on any country.

b.

Americans to join the Communist or Fascist Party.

c.

American citizens to join another country’s military.

d.

Americans to sell arms to any country at war.

____ 32. In 1968 antiwar protesters and police clashed outside the



a.

Republican National Convention.

b.

Democratic National Convention.

c.

White House.

d.

Lincoln Memorial.

____ 33. The Bataan Death March occurred in



a.

the Soviet Union.

b.

Corregidor.

c.

the Philippines.

d.

North Africa.

____ 34. The Philippines are now



a.

an American protectorate.

b.

an independent country.

c.

an American commonwealth.

d.

an unincorporated U.S. territory.

____ 35. The capture of Stalingrad was key to the success of Hitler’s strategy to



a.

destroy the Soviet economy.

b.

draw China into the war.

c.

destroy the Soviet army.

d.

destroy Soviet morale.

____ 36. The Truman Doctrine resulted in



a.

a pledge to fight communism.

b.

the Red Scare.

c.

the rearming of West Germany.

d.

the economic recovery of Europe.

____ 37. Kennedy convinced Congress to invest more funds in



a.

urban affairs.

b.

defense and space exploration.

c.

education.

d.

health insurance for the elderly.

____ 38. The McCarran Act



a.

allowed the arrest of Communists in case of a national emergency.

b.

required all government employees to sign a loyalty oath.

c.

authorized the use of wiretaps to uncover suspected Communists.

d.

imposed the death penalty on anyone convicted of espionage.

____ 39. As a result of the battle at Dien Bien Phu,



a.

the French withdrew from Indochina.

b.

regular North Vietnamese army units joined the Vietcong.

c.

President Johnson decided to send American troops into Vietnam.

d.

President Nixon decided to pull American troops out of Vietnam.

____ 40. The goal of Agent Orange was to



a.

cut Vietcong supply lines.

b.

sabotage Vietcong equipment.

c.

infiltrate the Vietcong military.

d.

destroy the ability to hide in jungles.

____ 41. Most of the Jewish refugees aboard the SS St. Louis



a.

were given refuge in Mexico.

b.

died in the Nazis’ “final solution.”

c.

immigrated to the U.S.

d.

disembarked in Cuba.

____ 42. A night of anti-Jewish violence became known as



a.

blitzkrieg.

b.

Kristallnacht.

c.

Gestapo.

d.

Anschluss.

____ 43. Nightly news coverage of the Vietnam War on television helped



a.

unify Americans behind the war.

b.

support the nation’s “hawks.”

c.

raise Johnson’s ratings in the polls.

d.

create a credibility gap.

____ 44. At Yalta, the leaders agreed to recognize the Polish government that the Soviets had set up if Stalin agreed to



a.

hold free elections there as soon as possible.

b.

allow Poland to trade with the West.

c.

allow free enterprise in Poland.

d.

give up his demand for reparations from Germany.

____ 45. According to the treaty that ended the Spanish-American War, the U.S. would



a.

free Guam and Cuba, and annex Puerto Rico.

b.

annex Guam, Puerto Rico, and Cuba.

c.

free Guam, Puerto Rico, and Cuba.

d.

free Cuba, and annex Guam and Puerto Rico.

____ 46. The Nazis’ “final solution” referred to their plans to



a.

exterminate Europe’s Jews.

b.

defeat France.

c.

conquer Britain.

d.

rule Europe after conquering it.

____ 47. The Triple Entente included



a.

Germany, Turkey, and Russia.

b.

Germany, Bulgaria, and Italy.

c.

Britain, France, and Russia.

d.

Britain, France, and the U.S.

____ 48. Roosevelt sent destroyers to Britain in exchange for



a.

U.S. bases on British-held territory.

b.

manufactured British goods.

c.

cash.

d.

a promise to pay at war’s end.

____ 49. When the United States, Britain, and France merged their zones in Germany, the Soviet Union responded by



a.

threatening to declare war.

b.

blockading West Berlin.

c.

building the Berlin Wall.

d.

organizing a military alliance.

____ 50. The event that touched off the first declaration of war in World War I was



a.

the assassination of the archduke of Germany.

b.

the German invasion of Russia.

c.

the German invasion of Belgium.

d.

the assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary.

____ 51. Popular support for Joseph McCarthy began to fade when



a.

millions watched him bully witnesses in televised hearings investigating the Army.

b.

he began to accuse popular film stars.

c.

he could not produce the list he said he had of known Communists.

d.

the Senate impeached him.

____ 52. The purpose of the Warren Commission was to



a.

make recommendations for ending gender discrimination in employment.

b.

find out if more than one person was involved in the Kennedy assassination.

c.

make recommendations for ending racial discrimination in employment.

d.

find out who was at fault for the disastrous invasion of Cuba.

____ 53. Which choice best completes the diagram?





a.

USSR

b.

Spain

c.

Japan

d.

Austria

____ 54. What two events convinced Truman to help France in Vietnam?



a.

Japan’s surrender in World War II and the fall of China to communism

b.

the fall of China to communism and the outbreak of the Korean War

c.

the establishment of a Communist government in Vietnam and the Korean War

d.

the establishment of a Communist government in Vietnam and the fall of China

____ 55. The “Big Four” who attended the peace conference at the end of World War I were the leaders from the United States, Britain, France, and



a.

Italy.

b.

Germany.

c.

Austria-Hungary.

d.

Russia.

____ 56. Kennedy felt he needed to stand up to communism in Vietnam because



a.

he could justify to Congress the need for increases in military spending.

b.

most Southern Democrats strongly supported the war.

c.

many Republicans blamed the Truman administration for losing China to communism.

d.

he needed to overcome the American humiliation in the Korean War.

____ 57. Criticism of the war at home was effectively silenced by



a.

the Espionage and Sedition Acts.

b.

the Palmer raids.

c.

the Red Scare.

d.

the Committee on Public Information.

____ 58. The United States caused an economic crisis in Cuba by



a.

preventing trade with Spain.

b.

withdrawing American investments.

c.

blockading the island.

d.

passing a tariff on sugar.

____ 59. Nixon’s decision to invade Cambodia angered Congress, resulting in



a.

a repeal of the War Powers Act.

b.

a vote of censure.

c.

a repeal of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.

d.

impeachment hearings.

____ 60. In 1898 President McKinley sent the battleship Maine to Havana to



a.

put down the Cuban rebellion.

b.

put down riots by Spanish loyalists.

c.

negotiate peace with Spain.

d.

evacuate Americans if necessary.

____ 61. The Korean War pitted the military forces of North Korea and China against



a.

the United States.

b.

South Korea.

c.

the Soviet Union.

d.

the United Nations.

____ 62. In the case Schenck v. the United States, the Supreme Court ruled that



a.

the right to bear arms could be limited for immigrants.

b.

immigrants from countries at war with the United States could be excluded from positions of power.

c.

freedom of speech could be curbed in wartime.

d.

the Sedition Act was unconstitutional.

____ 63. The Lend-Lease Act was Roosevelt’s way of getting arms to Britain without Britain having to



a.

pick them up.

b.

pay cash.

c.

take out loans to pay for them.

d.

return them after the war.

____ 64. Supporters of annexing the Philippines believed all of the following EXCEPT



a.

the islands would provide the United States with a naval base in Asia.

b.

America had a duty to teach the “less civilized” peoples how to live properly.

c.

the islands represented a large market for American goods.

d.

the United States could profit from the islands’ rich mineral resources.

____ 65. During the space race, Kennedy’s goal for the nation was to be the first to



a.

put a man into space.

b.

put a man into orbit.

c.

land a man on the moon.

d.

build a space station.

____ 66. To prevent Communists from staging revolutions within developing countries, Eisenhower used



a.

massive retaliation.

b.

covert operations.

c.

brinkmanship.

d.

embargoes.

____ 67. As a result of a presidential order allowing the military to declare any part of the United States to be a military zone,



a.

many military installations sprang up along the West Coast.

b.

many areas of the West became off-limits to civilians.

c.

many Japanese Americans were moved to internment camps.

d.

much of the Nevada desert became a weapons testing ground.

____ 68. According to the Zimmermann telegram, if Mexico allied with Germany, Germany would



a.

help Mexico regain Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.

b.

prevent the United States from taking control of Mexico.

c.

send troops to support the Huerta government.

d.

help Mexico take control of Central America.

____ 69. Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were charged with



a.

plotting to overthrow the U.S.

b.

being Communist Party members.

c.

planning acts of terrorism.

d.

passing atomic secrets to the Soviets.

____ 70. The Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown by



a.

a group of Hawaiian peasants, upset over the islands’ economic troubles.

b.

a group of Hawaiian peasants supported by the United States Marines.

c.

an invasion by the United States military.

d.

a group of planters supported by the United States Marines.

____ 71. Truman fired MacArthur because



a.

MacArthur demanded Truman’s approval to expand the war.

b.

MacArthur ignored Truman’s command to invade China.

c.

MacArthur’s mistakes caused his forces to lose the key port of Inchon.

d.

MacArthur wanted to withdraw American troops from China.

____ 72. After the Tet offensive, the mainstream American media began to



a.

openly criticize the war effort.

b.

appeal to American patriotism to support the war effort.

c.

give more air time to antiwar protesters.

d.

give less air time to antiwar protesters.

____ 73. NATO formed for the purpose of



a.

spreading democracy.

b.

promoting free trade among members.

c.

settling international disputes.

d.

mutual defense.

____ 74. The Egyptians seized control of the Suez Canal in order to



a.

assure their own national security.

b.

use the canal’s profits to pay for a dam.

c.

expel Western influences from their country.

d.

assure access to the canal for their ally, the Soviet Union.

____ 75. The first area that Hitler “unified” with Germany was



a.

the Sudetenland.

b.

Poland.

c.

Czechoslovakia.

d.

Austria.

____ 76. The Nuremberg Laws



a.

required all Jewish Germans to leave the country.

b.

authorized German police to shoot Jewish Germans.

c.

took citizenship away from Jewish Germans.

d.

required all Jewish Germans to move to concentration camps.

____ 77. The Nazi-Soviet nonaggression treaty contained a secret deal to



a.

divide Poland between them.

b.

divide France between them.

c.

not fight each other.

d.

fight France and Britain.

____ 78. In World War I, airplanes were first used to



a.

observe enemy activities.

b.

bring supplies to the troops.

c.

bomb enemy trenches.

d.

transport troops to the front.

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