Department Faculty Engagement
The department of Geography and Planning is a bidisciplinary department in which all thirteen faculty are involved in both graduate and undergraduate teaching. Some faculty teach primarily in the graduate Planning program and some primarily in Geography. But Planning faculty also teach undergraduate USP courses, several people who primarily work on the Geography side are urbanists, a reasonable number of courses are cross-listed (GOG=PLN), and in addition some GOG and PLN courses are accepted as “cognates” in the “other” discipline. Moreover, faculty engagement with one or other departmental program has historically changed over their careers. For these reasons, we make no effort to associate a specific subset of our faculty with the new USP program. The following is a list of all our faculty indicating their areas of research and teaching interest, and which USP, cross-listed, or cognate courses they teach.
Full Time Faculty Engagement with the Major
II. Full-time Faculty with Primary Appointment in Geography and Planning, by Appointment Date, Rank, and Tenure Status
Ray Bromley, appt. 1985, AICP, PhD Cambridge University, Professor: Metropolitan and Regional Development Strategies, Community Development and Neighborhood Change, Micro-Enterprise Promotion, Planning History, Latin American Cities.
John S. Pipkin, appt. 1974, PhD Northwestern University, Distinguished Service Professor: Quantitative Methods, Urban Design, American Landscape History, Symbolism, and Ideology, Built Environment, Urban Geography.
Christopher J. Smith, appt. 1980, PhD University of Michigan, Professor and Undergraduate Urban Studies and Planning Program Director : Urban Social Geography, East Asian and especially Chinese Cities.
Roger W. Stump, appt., 1982, PhD University of Kansas, Professor: Cultural Geography, Geography of Religion, Quantitative Methods, North America.
Associate Professor (with tenure)
Gene Bunnell, appt. 2004, AICP, PhD London School of Economics and Political Science, Associate Professor: Land Use Planning and Growth Management; Planning Practice; Central City Planning; Infrastructure Finance and Privatization; Case Studies of Planning Effectiveness; Story-telling in Planning. [Case for continuing appointment in process, Spring 2006]
Youqin Huang, appt. 2001, PhD, University of California, Los Angeles, Associate Professor: Population Geography, Economic Geography, Urban Geography, Feminist Perspectives in Geography, Contemporary China, Asian Cities, Transitional Economies.
Andrei Lapenas, appt. 1996, PhD State Hydrological Institute, St. Petersburg, Associate Professor: Climatology, Climate Change, Quaternary Paleogeography, Soils, Russia.
Catherine T. Lawson, appt. 2000 PhD Portland State University, Associate Professor and MRP Program Director: Travel Behavior, Freight, Archived Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Data, Community Development ∓ Housing Issues, Land Use and Transportation Planning, Spatial Analysis/Geographic Information System (GIS) Applications. [Case for promotion and continuing appointment in process, Spring 2006]
David A. Lewis appt. 2003, PhD Rutgers University, Associate Professor: Regional Planning Theories and Techniques; Brownfields Redevelopment; Innovation, Globalization and Economic Restructuring; and Urban and Regional Economic Development.
James E. Mower, appt. 1987, PhD State University of New York at Buffalo, Associate Professor and MA Program Director: Geographic Information Systems, Automated Cartography, Parallel Processing, Augmented Scenes.
Corianne Scally, appt. 2007 Ph.D., Urban Planning & Public Policy, Rutgers University, Assistant Professor: State and local housing policy and programs, Community development, Community-based organizations, Interest group coalitions, Policy innovation & diffusion.
[Case for promotion and continuing appointment will be presented Fall 2011]
Core faculty teach the majority of courses in the major indicating a high level of engagement (see table 2).
III. Biographical Sketches of Faculty
Full-time Faculty (alphabetical order)
Ray Bromley joined the Department in 1985 and was promoted to the rank of Professor in 1987. He holds joint appointments with the Department of Latin American, Caribbean and U.S. Latino Studies, and with the Public Policy Program. He was born and educated in Britain, and has been a naturalized US citizen since 1994. Before moving to Albany he was on the faculty of the University of Wales Swansea for ten years and with a Syracuse University and USAID Technical Assistance Mission in Peru for three years.
Ray’s BA, MA and PhD are all in Geography from Cambridge University in England. His doctoral studies on regional marketing systems in Ecuador explored interdisciplinary areas, mixing geography, planning, anthropology and history. Before he completed his doctorate he was hired to teach social and regional planning at the University of Wales Swansea, and after the doctorate was awarded he completed a series of United Nations planning consultancies in Latin America. At Swansea he directed the Masters Program in Social Planning, and also established and directed a new Masters Program in Regional Development Planning. All of his work there was oriented towards international development, and he played a leading role in founding the Development Studies Association and in building links with ILPES, the Latin American Institute of Economic and Social Planning. His early research focused mainly on marketing systems, regional planning, urban poverty, casual labor, informal enterprise, entrepreneurship and subcontracting.
Since moving to Albany, Ray has redirected much of his work towards the history of ideas in planning and development, and towards housing policy, community development and neighborhood planning in the United States. Unlike most planning historians, who concentrate on land-use planning and the built environment, he also has a strong interest in socio-economic planning ideas, and in rural, regional, national and international planning. He has been a member of the American Institute of Certified Planners since 1992. He has directed the Master of Regional Planning program for two extended periods (1991-1999 and 2002-2005) and steered it through initial accreditation in 1999 and successful reaccreditation in 2004.
Fluent in Spanish and “functional” in Portuguese and French, Ray has lived nine years in Latin America. In 1997 he was a Senior Fulbright Fellow at the National Engineering University in Lima, Peru, and he has also taught courses at ILPES Santiago, CENDEC Brasilia and other institutions in Latin America. He has taught additional courses at the London School of Economics, the Beirut Arab University and the Bandung Institute of Technology, and he will soon be the first UAlbany faculty member to teach at RPI in a new inter-institutional faculty exchange.
Ray has authored numerous scholarly articles in journals and edited books. His books include Planning for Small Enterprises in Third World Cities (1985), and Casual Work and Poverty in Third World Cities (1979). With Gavin Kitching he edited Routledge’s Development and Underdevelopment book series, and he serves on the editorial boards of SUNY Press and the journal Planning Practice and Research. His current research is in two main areas: the post-1940 physical transformations of Albany and the Bronx; and, the history of ideas in planning and development. Key ideas currently under study include rural reconstruction, linear cities, third way ideologies, ekistics, “national projects”, and planning for decline.
Gene Bunnell Gene Bunnell, Ph.D., AICP is a planning educator with a unique combination of knowledge and experience, whose teaching and research is informed and strengthened by years of experience as a planning practitioner. Gene earned his Masters degree in City and Regional Planning from Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design in 1969, and a Master of Public Health degree from the University of Michigan in 1970. After two years of working in a health planning agency in Buffalo, New York, he joined the planning staff of the Massachusetts Executive Office of Communities and Development, Office of Local Assistance, and was put in charge of preparing planning studies and plans for a number of Massachusetts communities. In the course of working in various communities, and encountering older, deteriorated areas with vacant or underutilized old buildings, he became interested in and knowledgeable about historic preservation and adaptive reuse, and researched and wrote Built to Last: A Handbook on Recycling Old Buildings, which was published by the National Trust for Historic Preservation in 1977. He also wrote an Innovative Project grant proposal on behalf of the Massachusetts Executive Office of Communities and Development, which obtained $178,000 in funding from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research, for the establishment of the Massachusetts Building Reuse Project, which he directed. Over a three year period, the Building Reuse Project prepared detailed building reuse Action Plans for four communities (North Adams, Southbridge, Haverhill and Lawrence), and produced a research report titled Removing Obstacles to Building Reuse at the Local Level.
In 1980, Gene Bunnell became Director of Planning and Development for the City of Northampton, Massachusetts, and during his tenure there the city’s downtown was revitalized and transformed. While serving as Northampton’s Planning Director, he also taught planning-related courses at Smith College, Hampshire College, and the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning-- and the idea of pursuing an academic career took root.
He began studying for a Ph.D. in Planning Studies in the Geography Department of London School of Economics in 1989 — which was made possible by an Overseas Studies Scholarship Grant from the Principals and Vice Chancellors of the Universities of the United Kingdom, as well as a scholarship from the American Friends of London School of Economics. After earning his Ph.D. degree, he joined the faculty of the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he taught for six years. After returning back east in 1998 so that his wife could accept a position in New York City, he taught planning courses in the Urban Studies Program at Vassar College, and at the New School University. He also undertook a major research project (involving a nationwide survey of urban planners, over 150 in-depth interviews and extensive field research) uncovering and documenting the ways in which ten different American cities were shaped by planning. The product of this research, Making Places Special: Stories of Real Places Made Better by Planning (Planners Press) was published in 2002. He joined the faculty of the Department of Geography and Planning at the University at Albany as Associate Professor in the Fall of 2003.
Youqin Huang Dr. Huang received her Ph.D. in Geography from University of California, Los Angeles in 2001. Since then she has been a member of the Department of Geography and Planning and a Research Associate of Center for Social and Demographic Analysis (CSDA) at State University of New York, Albany. Her research has mainly focused on two areas: one on housing, residential mobility, neighborhood change and urban structure, and the other on migration and urbanization. She also has a regional focus on China. In the area of housing, Youqin studies decision-making in housing behavior, and how residential mobility and housing choice influence the urban landscape and commuting pattern. In addition to housing behavior and residential mobility in the U.S. and U.K. and the role of gender, race and life cycle, Dr. Huang studies the profound market transition in China and its impact on housing consumption and provision. She finds that housing condition and homeownership have improved significantly in the recent decade in urban China; yet, she finds housing inequality is increasing and an unprecedented residential segregation is emerging. She also finds that despite the increasing importance of market forces, the socialist institutions persist and continue to affect housing behavior. In the area of migration, Huang studies the spatial pattern and dynamics of female migration and the occupational attainment of female migrants in China. She finds that Chinese women, constrained by both socioeconomic and institutional factors, utilize marriage migration to access economic opportunities brought about by the economic reform. She also finds that gender, together with the socialist institutions, affects female migrants' occupational attainment at the destination.
Currently, Dr. Huang is involved in five projects. First, she is studying migration/mobility in the U.K. using the British Household Panel Survey data. With her collaborator, she is studying the effect of family migration and residential move on women’s participation in the labor market. Because of the intertwined relationship between long-distance migration and short-distance move, they are also studying the dynamic decision-making between the two processes, and they hope to bridge two often separate literatures (one on migration, the other on mobility) for a better understanding of the decision-making. Second, Dr. Huang is conducting a longitudinal research on housing behavior in China. While most of the limited research on housing in China focuses on the recent reform era, Dr. Huang is trying to study housing behavior and residential mobility in both the socialist era and the reform era, which will demonstrate the importance of political economy on housing decision-making. Third, Huang is studying gated communities in urban China. With housing privatization and increasing housing inequality, wealthy gated communities are emerging rapidly in Chinese cities; yet, they have a very different root and social and political construction. Dr. Huang is conducting a comparative study of gated communities with those in the West, hoping to provide a broader framework to incorporate empirical evidences from different regions. Fourth, Dr. Huang is studying housing inequality and residential segregation in China, using both census data and information collected through fieldwork. Funded by the AAAS and NSF, Dr. Huang visited Hong Kong Baptist University during the summer of 2004 and established collaborative relation with Professor Li, an expert on housing studies. Five, Dr. Huang is involved in a collaborative project on housing reform and socio-spatial restructuring in China. With collaborators from Hong Kong, the U.S. and U.K., she is studying recent census data of China and is preparing to conduct a multi-city survey in China.
In addition, Youqin has been actively involved in the Urban China Research Network (UCRN), an international multidisciplinary organization to promote research on urban China and to foster the next generation of China scholars. As a member of the International Advisory Board and a member of the Steering Committee, Dr. Huang (with others) organized and oversaw several rounds of small grant competitions, several conferences and workshops, and two research working groups.
Andrei G. Lapenas Andrei was born in 1958 in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), Russia. His interest in science was triggered at the age of 14 by a wonderful book, The Living Sea, written by the French explore and engineer Jacques-Yves Cousteau. The fascinating stories about exploration of oceans literally dragged him into the science of oceanography. In 1975 Andrei enrolled in the Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) University in the Department of Geography. One year later he declared his major in oceanology and during the next 4 years participated in sea expeditions to the Baltic, Northern, and Norwegian Seas, Southern and Central Atlantic, the Bay of Guinea, and Canary Islands.
After graduation Andrei jointed the Department of Climate Change at the State Hydrologic Institute. Two of his Ph.D. advisors in this institute- the founder of physical climatology, Professor Mikhael Budyko, and atmospheric physicist Dr. Nora Buytner- suggested that after Ph.D. studies Andrei should concentrate on the impact of fossil fuel burning on the global carbon cycle and climate. An understanding of the global carbon cycle dynamics is the key to future forecasts of the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide and the prediction of global greenhouse warming. In 1980s, many carbon cycle scientists tried to resolve the so-called “missing sink” problem. At that time Andrei and his co-workers investigated carbon cycle in World Ocean, but were unable to identify any additional sinks of atmospheric carbon in marine ecosystems. Therefore, in 1990s, Dr. Lapenas brought his attention to the continental biota and terrestrial cycle of carbon. This interest in the interaction between atmosphere and living organisms made Dr. Lapenas appreciate the importance of soil as a mediator of many of these processes and that it is a very important component of the entire climate system.
During the past 13 years Dr. Lapenas worked in the United States at New York University (1992-1996) as a post-doctoral fellow under the famous oceanologist and atmospheric physicist Professor Martin Hoffert, and since 1996 as an assistant, associate professor at the University at Albany. At SUNYA, Dr. Lapenas teach and perform research in the Department of Geography and Planning and in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences. Dr. Lapenas is an author of more than 50 papers in such journals as Nature, Climate Change, Global Change Biology, Global Biogeochemical Cycles and others. His work was supported by such federal agencies as the National Science Foundation, United States Forest Service and Environmental Protection Agency.
Catherine T. Lawson (Ph.D., Urban Studies/Regional Science, Portland State University, 1998). Dr. Lawson has extensive training and real-world experiences in computer applications and applied statistics. Her undergraduate education in Economics and Accounting at Western Washington University, and her graduate work at Portland State University in Economics and Regional Science, provides her with a wealth of knowledge on the use and state-of-the-art practices in these areas. Her experiences as a practicing planner for the City of Portland, in Portland, Oregon, were focused on statistical applications as well. She developed a number of methodologies used to determine the appropriate protection of environmentally sensitive areas and in the utilization of land. She is able to introduce students to the use of computers and statistics using these real world datasets and reports.
Dr. Lawson has a strong background in transportation research and planning, including ground-breaking survey work with the freight community, the use of microsimulation modeling for transportation planning, transit planning and alternative transportation planning, including bike and pedestrian modes. She gives her students hands-on opportunities to learn how to use the various software applications, particularly transportation modeling packages such as VISSIM and TRANSIMS. She recently introduced PLN 545 Transportation Technology Practicum to the MRP Program. In this course, students use a variety of technologies, including global positioning systems (GPS), open source and ESRI geographic information systems (GIS) and new software being developed in her Regional Economic Freight Informatics Laboratory (REFIL). The WIMWEB research project is being funded by the Federal Highway Administration, and was mandated by Congress to examine the impact of very heavy trucks in Vermont and Maine.
Dr. Lawson is responsible for Transportation Planning, with a substantial contribution from Jeff Olson (a nationally recognized expert in Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning). Dr. Lawson communicates the importance of understanding the impact of infrastructure development on the quality of life for community members. In addition to traditional transportation planning techniques, she also emphasizes the need to plan for specific modes, including trucks, ferries and emerging forms of transit. She incorporates micro-simulation applications to transportation planning and provides students with hands-on experience with transportation modeling software and national data sets. Students are encouraged to include transportation courses at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) through a joint-program agreement.
David A. Lewis Before he joined the University at Albany as Assistant Professor in 2003, David Lewis was a Post Doctoral Fellow for the National Center for Neighborhood and Brownfields Redevelopment at the Bloustein School, Rutgers University. In 2009 Dr. Lewis achieved the rank of Associate Professor. Dr. Lewis’ research interests have focused on the intersection of innovation, regional development and environmental change, technology business incubation, brownfields redevelopment, the economic development of mature industrial regions, and the evaluation of public policy. David holds a Ph.D. in Urban Planning and Policy Development and Master in City and Regional Planning from Rutgers University, as well as a B.A. in U.S. History from Rutgers University. Currently, Dr. Lewis is working various research projects include: 1) A national study of business incubation for the U.S. Department of Commerce; 2) a regional sustainability plan for the Capital District; 3) a transfer of development rights program for two non-profit organizations and 4) a guide book for developing scenic byways. Recent publications: include The Incubation Edge: How Incubator Quality and Regional Capacity Affect Technology Company Performance published with National Business Incubation Association, a literature review for the U.S. Department of Commerce on technology business incubation practices and evaluation, a national survey to benchmark technology incubators in the U.S. and explore the role of geography in the performance of technology incubators, a feasibility and implementation report for a food technology center with a shared–use kitchen incubator, and the potential for small, rural metropolitan regions to foster, attract, and retain technology entrepreneurs for the Department of Energy. In addition, Dr. Lewis has been called to testify to the U.S. House of Representatives regarding the efficacy of business incubation.
James Mower Dr. Mower’s path to academic geographic work led through a network of seemingly disparate but ultimately reinforcing interests. In his undergraduate studies at the State University College at Geneseo in 1973, he worked toward a degree in English. At the time, his interests in American Transcendentalism led him to explore of its roots in eastern philosophies, especially Taoist and Confucian traditions, and from there into a study of Chinese poetry and then the language itself. Jim’s focus gradually expanded to East Asian cultural and regional studies, including Altaic peoples and languages.
In his first round of graduate work at Indiana University in 1980, he intended to continue Chinese language studies within a Master’s program in Linguistics. Part of this work involved the study of interactive computing technologies in support of English language acquisition. Though not a central part of his degree concentration, computing experiences at Indiana grew to become one of the most dominant themes in Dr. Mower’s professional research.
Throughout his career, and like so many of my students and colleagues, Jim has had a lifelong interest in maps, whether as a collector, as a cartographer, or as a virtual explorer. He has always been fascinated by the ways that maps model the physical world into perceptible, coherent forms. Maps had always been fundamental tools of his research but had never been its central focus until, working as a teacher of English as a second language at the University At Buffalo in 1981, Dr. Mower began to explore further graduate studies in the department of Geography. During a meeting with David Mark, who would later become his PhD advisor, he discovered that interests in mapping and computing neatly fit into the emerging field of geographic information systems. His dissertation research area narrowed to automated cartographic applications that relied on computing methodologies drawn from expert systems and artificial intelligence paradigms in computer science. Although this work in automated cartography and GIS has expanded over time, Dr. Mower’s work remains centered in these areas.
After coming to the University at Albany in 1987 Jim developed interests in parallel computing technologies. Since many spatial data sets rely on dense grid sampling strategies, it seemed natural to apply large-scale single instruction stream, multiple data stream (SIMD) computing techniques to solve such problems as drainage basin analysis and aspects of cartographic symbolization. With access to the Thinking Machines CM-2 and later the multiple instruction stream, multiple data stream (MIMD) CM-5 computers at the Northeast Parallel Architecture Center at Syracuse University, he created a wide variety of parallel computing applications in GIS, focusing on potential speedup values over sequential computing.
Dr. Mower’s later work, continuing until the present, has returned to his root interests in cartographic visualization. This body of research concerns real time 3D visualization of the environment using techniques from augmented reality. He is currently pursuing a patent for numerous aspects of the technology that he invented for that work. Jim will most likely continue working along these lines, probably extending it into specific application areas as stable implementations of the core services mature. Dr. Mower expects to apply some of this work to automated pen and ink landscape depictions over his sabbatical leave in the Spring 2005 semester.
As interest in and familiarity with GIS has become more commonplace across the University campuses, Jim has served on a vast number of MA thesis and seminar committees. He has also taken an active role in shaping the Information Science PhD concentration in GIS and has chaired and served on several doctoral committees. He is currently convener of a panel to reorganize the INF GIS concentration in light of new and changing faculty expertise within the University.
As a consequence of his core interests in computing issues, Dr. Mower has served at various times on University and College level committees concerning, among other things, faculty support issues related to computing access. He expects to continue to do so after returning from his sabbatical leave.