1. How did the concept of manifest destiny affect the relationship between the United States and Mexico?
A. It inspired the defense of the Alamo.
B. It discouraged settlement in California.
C. It helped the United States justify the annexation of Texas.
D. It prevented the United States from taking control of the Gulf of Mexico.
2. During the 1800s, what was frequently cited as a justification for U.S. expansionist policies in clashes with other nations?
A. Bill of Rights
B. Social Contract
C. Manifest Destiny
D. Gospel of Wealth
3. The Monroe Doctrine can be viewed as a moral opposition to
4. The main idea behind the settling of western lands by Americans in the early-1800s was known as
A) Women's Suffrage.
B) Manifest Destiny.
C) the Industrial Age.
D) the Abolition Movement
"Our policy in regard to Europe... remains the same, which is, not to interfere in the internal concerns of any of its powers; to consider the government de facto as the legitimate government for us; to cultivate friendly relations with it, and to preserve those relations by a frank, firm, and manly policy, meeting in all instances the just claims of every power, submitting to injuries from none. It is impossible that the allied powers should extend their political system to any portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness; nor can anyone believe that our southern brethren, if left to themselves, would adopt it of their own accord.... If we look to the comparative strength and resources of Spain and those new Governments, and their distance from each other, it must be obvious that she can never subdue them. It is still the true policy of the United States to leave the parties to themselves, in hope that other powers will pursue the same course. . . ."
President James Monroe, December 2, 1823
Which statement BEST explains the point of this passage by President Monroe?
A) The United States will declare war on Spain.
B) Mexico will soon be part of the United States.
C) The United States would be defeated in a war with Spain.
D) Latin America should not be retaken by European countries.
6. Manifest Destiny advanced the belief that
A) new territory would lead to more slavery.
B) God was on the side of American expansion.
C) the Democratic Party would elect the next President.
D) the U.S. should drive the English from North America.
7. Which of these BEST gives the time period associated with "Manifest Destiny?"
A) 1800-1830 C) 1860-1880
B) 1830-1860 D) 1880-1900
American Progress, John Gast, 1872
This painting BEST relates what social philosophy?
A) Gilded Age
B) Great Awakening
C) Manifest Destiny
D) Women's Suffrage
9. The Monroe Doctrine (1823) COULD have been used in response to which of these events?
A) the French invasion of Mexico by Napoleon III
B) the secession of South Carolina from the Union
C) the removal of Indian cultures from the American west
D) the war with Mexico for control of the American southwest
10. The period immediately after the War of 1812 was known as
A) the Gilded Age.
B) Jacksonian Democracy.
C) Jeffersonian Democracy.
D) the Era of Good Feelings.
"Our policy in regard to Europe... remains the same, which is, not to interfere in the internal concerns of any of its powers;... to cultivate friendly relations with it, and to preserve those relations by a frank, firm, and manly policy....
It is impossible that the allied powers should extend their political system to any portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness; nor can anyone believe that our southern brethren, if left to themselves, would adopt it of their own accord....
If we look to the comparative strength and resources of Spain and those new Governments, and their distance from each other, it must be obvious that she can never subdue them. It is still the true policy of the United States to leave the parties to themselves, in hope that other powers will pursue the same course...."
President James Monroe, December 2, 1823
Which of these would Monroe MOST LIKELY be referring to with the phrase "our southern brethren?"
12. Whose message to Congress on May 11, 1846, stated that "Mexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and shed American blood upon American soil"?
A) President James K. Polk
B) President Andrew Jackson
C) President John Quincy Adams
D) President Theodore Roosevelt
13. The United States acquired Florida from Spain in which treaty?
C) Entente Cordiale
14. Two of the MOST important effects of the American victory in the War with Mexico were
A) the acquisition of Texas and Arizona.
B) the acquisition of California and New Mexico.
C) the death of General Santa Anna and the Mexican defeat at the Alamo in Texas.
D) the end of guerrilla attacks on Texas settlers and the removal of Mexican settlers there.
15. James K. Polk initiated a war with Mexico in order to
A) win independence for Texas.
B) obtain the California territory.
C) gain access to the Mississippi River.
D) get access to the gold discovered in Colorado.
16. Why did many northern politicians oppose annexing Texas after it won its independence from Mexico?
A) They feared it would be admitted as a free state, thereby disrupting the balance of power in Washington and giving too much influence to those who opposed slavery.
B) They feared such an act of war by Mexico and would lead to war.
C) They feared it would become a slave state, and possibly several slave states, thereby giving supporters of slavery too much power in the national government.
D) They blamed Texans for defeat at the Alamo and did not want to allow them to become part of the Union
17. How would a member of the English Parliament have MOST LIKELY felt about the phrase “54/40 or fight!”?
A) excited, because he would have wanted to retake territory lost during the American Revolution
B) irritated, because the British and US had agreed to occupy the Pacific Northwest jointly
C) angry, because the US and Great Britain had agreed to share territory in New Mexico
D) indifferent, because it referred to a land dispute between the US and Mexico
18. Under the Monroe Doctrine, how would the US have viewed a European power attempting to establish colonies in the Americas?
A) as a friend, so long as it did not set foot on US territory
B) as a military aggressor moving against the interests of the United States
C) as a concern to be watched closely to make sure it did not try to move against the US once its colony was established
D) as an ally to help the US achieve its “Manifest Destiny”
19. How did Manifest Destiny help rationalize the United States’ spread west?
It challenged European powers who would establish colonies in the Western Hemisphere.
It stated that Americans were destined to democratize the continent.
It granted pioneers land to develop in the West during the Civil War.
It caused Mexico to declare war on the United States.
20. What was a political outcome of the Mexican-American War?
Santa Anna was re-elected the president of Mexico.
B. James Polk resigned after the unlawful invasion of Mexican territory.
The United States gained the Louisiana Territory.
The Rio Grande was established as the American border with Mexico.
On Manifest Destiny, by John L. O'Sullivan, 1839
The American people having derived their origin from many other nations, and the Declaration of National Independence being entirely based on the great principle of human equality, these facts demonstrate at once our disconnected position as regards any other nation; that we have, in reality, but little connection with the past history of any of them, and still less with all antiquity, its glories, or its crimes. On the contrary, our national birth was the beginning of a new history, the formation and progress of an untried political system, which separates us from the past and connects us with the future only; and so far as regards the entire development of the natural rights of man, in moral, political, and national life, we may confidently assume that our country is destined to be the great nation of futurity.
Sullivan is suggesting that the United States
A) will not be truly free without abolition.
B) must have a social revolution to become great.
C) is meant to expand across the continent and become extraordinary.
D) is a nation built on historically successful political practices, guaranteed to succeed.
22. Manifest Destiny was the belief that the United States was destined by God to
Derive great wealth from gold found in California.
Settle all the western land up to the Pacific Ocean.
Convert all Native Americans to Christianity.
23. What was the significance of the Monroe Doctrine?
It demonstrated that the U.S. would not become entangled in European power struggles.
It started a war with Russia over Pacific territories.
It started a war with Spain over colonies in North America.
It embroiled the U.S. in a multitude of European conflicts, with only Britain remaining a consistent U.S. ally.