United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank



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BT5

1. Which aspect of economic policy did Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton agree upon?

A. The U.S. government should pass a protective tariff.

B. The U.S. government should use liquor taxes to raise revenue.



C. The U.S. government should pay off the war debt to foreign

countries.

D. The U.S. government should insure deposits in the Bank of the

United States.
2. The first major political issue faced by the US government after the ratification of the Constitution concerned the proposal of Alexander Hamilton to establish a

A) Post Office.

B) National Bank.

C) deep water navy.

D) National University.
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3. Which of these statements MOST accurately describes the term Jeffersonian Democracy?

A) The United States should ally closely with the nations of Europe.

B) The Bill of Rights merely suggests rights and can be easily changed.

C) The common man must be protected from the tyranny of the aristocrats.

D) The states must consistently yield to the power of the Federal government.


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4. Alexander Hamilton, the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, believed that in order to create a strong, capitalistic economy

A) the government needed to provide the poor with income tax breaks.

B) middle-class Americans needed to buy land in the western territories.

C) the wealthiest classes needed to have an interest in keeping the American economy healthy.

D) working-class farmers needed to either adopt slavery as a labor system or completely abolish it.


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5. Fundamentally, the dispute between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton during the Washington administration came down to the fact that

A) Jefferson believed that the primary power of the government should rest with the Supreme Court, while Hamilton believed that the most powerful branch should be the legislative branch, not the courts.

B) Jefferson thought a strong central government would infringe on the rights of the people, while Hamilton believed that the central government needed to be strong to protect the rights of all.

C) Jefferson thought that the US should not be involved in foreign affairs, while Hamilton recognized that, to be a great power, the US had to involve itself in the affairs of Europe.

D) Jefferson believed that political parties were necessary, while Hamilton believed that political parties were an unnecessary burden on the legislative process.


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6. Which of these is one way President Washington helped to quell citizens' anxiety in his Farewell Address?

A) by listing steps for America to remain a strong country

B) by admitting that he was overqualified to be president

C) by saying that America had no threats to its success

D) by offering to serve a third term of the presidency


7.

"Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness—these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens. The mere politician, equally with the pious man, ought to respect and to cherish them. A volume could not trace all their connections with private and public felicity."
- George Washington, September 17, 1796

According to the Farewell Address, which of these BEST explains Washington’s view on religion?

A) Religion would soon lose popularity among the American people.

B) Religion should become the backbone of the American government.

C) Religion causes people to behave badly and could hurt the country.

D) Religion plays a large role in the United States’ political success.
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8. Alexander Hamilton's plan for a “national bank” was politically significant because

A) it helped provide the county’s first balanced budget.

B) it triggered the duel with Aaron Burr that eventually killed Hamilton.

C) the county's war debt which remained from the Revolutionary War was quickly erased as a result of newly created taxes.

D) it caused the first direct conflict between supporters of strict interpretation versus loose interpretation of the Constitution.
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9. Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson disagreed over the proposed “National Bank” based on which issue?


A) which executive department would be responsible for running it
B) the wisdom of staffing such an institution with immigrants from Britain
C) how much in additional taxes would be levied on citizens of the United States
D) whether or not the Constitution gives the national government the power to establish the bank
10.

"Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness—these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens. The mere politician, equally with the pious man, ought to respect and to cherish them. A volume could not trace all their connections with private and public felicity."
- George Washington, September 17, 1796

According to the Farewell Address, which of these BEST explains Washington’s view on religion?
A) Religion would soon lose popularity among the American people.
B) Religion should become the backbone of the American government.
C) Religion causes people to behave badly and could hurt the country.
D) Religion plays a large role in the United States’ political success.
BT1

11. Which of these was a precedent set by the first President of the United States, George Washington?


A) the popular election of the President
B) the tradition of only serving two terms
C) naming nine Justices to the Supreme Court
D) addressing the Chief Executive as as "Your Highness"
12. Alexander Hamilton, the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, believed that in order to create a strong, capitalistic economy
A) the government needed to provide the poor with income tax breaks.
B) middle-class Americans needed to buy land in the western territories.
C) the wealthiest classes needed to have an interest in keeping the American economy healthy.
D) working-class farmers needed to either adopt slavery as a labor system or completely abolish it.
13. The first American political party to successfully have a President in office was the
A) Whigs.
B) Democrats.
C) Federalists.
D) Democratic Republicans.
14. When Virginia and Kentucky in the late 1700s and South Carolina in the 1830s refused to follow federal law they were practicing
A) federalism.
B) nullification.
C) popular sovereignty.
D) checks and balances.

15. Which of these is an example of sectionalism?


A) all states following the same laws
B) all states having separate economies
C) protecting America’s resources from foreign attack
D) celebrating patriotism with one’s family and friends
16. Which of these BEST describes the advice George Washington gave Americans about relationships with foreign powers in his Farewell Address?
A) America should align itself with one foreign nation permanently.
B) America should never align itself with Britain in any international disagreements.
C) America should form permanent alliances of peace with as many foreign nations as possible.
D) America should form temporary alliances with foreign nations only in extraordinary emergencies.
17. Which of the following was a reason President Washington was opposed to political parties?

A) He feared political parties would cause people to work for their special interests rather than the public good.

B) He was afraid of losing office to a new candidate.

C) He was afraid one party would dominate the other and overthrow the government.

D) He was afraid the nation would be split politically and, therefore, weak in the eyes of other nations.
18. Which of the following was not an area of conflict between the Federalists headed by Alexander Hamilton and the Democratic-Republicans headed by Thomas Jefferson?

A) states’ rights

B) interpretation of the Confederation

C) common law

D) powers of government
19. How did Jefferson expand executive power as a Democratic-Republican president?

A) He supported actions like the Louisiana Purchase and the Embargo of 1807.

B) He joined forces with Hamilton to build the Bank of the United States.

C) He became a Federalist as a result of the XYZ Affair.

D) He established the principle of judicial review.
20. What was an outcome of Jay’s Treaty?

A) Hamilton’s resigning as secretary of the treasury

B) The impeachment of John Adams

C) America’s declaration of war on France

D) The solidification of the Democratic-Republican party
21. Which case best exemplifies the Federalist belief in implied powers?

A) Marbury v. Madison

B) Hamilton v. Jefferson

C) England v. France

D) McCulloch V. Maryland

22. How did Thomas Jefferson interpret the Constitution as president?

A) As a strict constructionist

B) As a author of the Articles of Confederation

C) Only in tandem with the Bill of Rights

D) As a loose constructionist


23. Which Federalist policy did John Adams not enforce?

A) The Bank of the United States

B) Implied powers

C) Jay’s Treaty

D) Alien and Sedition Acts

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