United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank



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USHC-8.1

1. How did Martin Luther King Jr.'s strategy to achieve social justice differ from that of Black Power advocates?



A. King worked with white leaders.

B. King opposed the war in Vietnam.

C. King organized marches and public demonstrations.

D. King supported voting rights for African Americans.


BT4

2.

http://usatestprep.com/modules/gallery/files/52/5263/5263.jpg

This picture of Rosa Parks shows her arrest in 1955 Montgomery. Parks helped start a movement that
A) protested voting discrimination in Alabama.
B) resulted in the integration of lunch counters.
C) attempted to integrate Robert E. Lee high school in that city.
D) used economic pressure to try to affect political and social change.
3. Which organization was led by the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.?
A) The Black Panthers
B) The Southern Christian Leadership Conference
C) The Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee
D) The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

4. The purpose of the 1964 Freedom Summer Project in Mississippi was


A) to protest the escalation of the Vietnam War.
B) to help and encourage blacks to become registered voters.
C) to persuade the all state legislatures to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment.
D) to force the government to declare segregated transportation facilities unconstitutional.
5.

· Rosa Parks
· Malcolm X
· Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
· Jesse Jackson

These people are associated with what movement?
A) Cold War
B) Prohibition
C) Civil Rights
D) Women's Suffrage
6. How did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 affect racial segregation at public colleges and universities?
A) It did not affect racial segregation at public colleges.
B) It helped end segregation by hotels near public colleges.
C) It helped end segregation by restaurants near public colleges.
D) It prohibited segregation by institutions that received federal funding.
7.

We are here... this evening because we are tired now. And we are determined here in Montgomery to work and fight until justice runs down like water, and righteousness like a mighty stream.
There is never a time in our American democracy that we must ever think we are wrong when we protest. When labor all over this nation came to see that it would be trampled over by a capitalistic power, there was nothing wrong with labor getting together and organizing and protesting for its rights. And now we are reaching out for the daybreak of freedom and justice and equality.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
December 5, 1955

According to Dr. King's speech, which form of protest is he MOST likely supporting?
A) boycott
B) marching
C) picketing
D) rioting
BT5

8.

http://usatestprep.com/modules/gallery/files/1/124/124.gif

This editorial cartoon MOST likely refers to
A) the Voting Rights Act
B) Plessy v. Ferguson.
C) the Twenty-sixth Amendment
D) Brown v. Board of Education.
9. Which of these BEST describes the goal of the "Freedom Riders" during the Civil Rights Movement?
A) to allow blacks to become taxi drivers
B) to eliminate racial restrictions in air travel
C) to integrate public transportation in Alabama
D) to desegregate buses involved in interstate travel
BT4

10. Which of these BEST describes the Supreme Court case of Brown v. Topeka Board of Education?


A) it reaffirmed the decision of Plessy vs Ferguson
B) ruled that universities must be open to people of all races
C) Kansas schools were to be desegregated as an experiment for racial integration
D) declared that "separate but equal" facilities for based on race are inherently unconstitutional
11. Riots erupted in April of 1968 as a reaction to
A) the Tet Offensive in the Vietnam War.
B) the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy.
C) the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
D) the failure of the "Great Society" programs.
12. What effect did the Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education have on segregation?

A. It reinforced segregation by upholding the concept of states’ rights.

B. It struck down segregation in public schools.

C. It had little effect on segregation because states neither acknowledged it nor implemented it.

D. It had limited effect because whenever states refused to follow it, the executive branch usually refused to get involved and enforce the decision.
13. Which of the following was not a piece of legislation passed as a result of the civil rights movement?

A. Voting Rights Act of 1965

B. Civil Rights Act of 1964

C. Twenty-fourth Amendment

D. Twenty-fifth Amendment
14. Use the passage below to answer the following question.

“On February 1, 1960, four friends entered the Woolworth’s. They purchased school supplies and then sat at the lunch counter and ordered coffee. When they were refused service, [Ezell] Blair [one of the students] said, ‘I beg your pardon, but you just served us at [the checkout] counter. Why can’t we be served at the counter here?’ The students stayed at the counter until it closed, then announced that they would sit at the counter every day until they were given the same service as white customers.”

~From Civilities and Civil Rights

The above passage describes which of the following?



  1. The Freedom Riders

  2. Labor union strikes

  3. The sit-in movement

  4. Japanese internment

15. University of California Regents v. Bakke (1978) upheld which of the following?

  1. Affirmative action

  2. Land rights for Native Americans

  3. Abortion rights

  4. Civil rights

16. Use the chart below to answer the following question.

NOW

Stop-ERA

*Gives women greater educational opportunities

*Gives equal pay for equal work

*Stops the exclusion of women from certain

professions and most levels of politics



*Destroys traditional American values and social

patterns


*Takes away legal rights of wives, especially in

divorce cases

*Takes away the right to have single-gender

colleges


Based on the chart information, how did the National Organization for Women (NOW) and Stop-ERA differ in reacting to the proposed Equal Rights Amendment?

  1. Stop-ERA wanted to change social patterns, while NOW resisted social change.

  2. Stop-ERA supported the amendment, while NOW was against it.

  3. NOW wanted new rights, while Stop-ERA feared losing existing rights.

  4. NOW wanted more political power, while Stop-ERA wanted to repeal woman suffrage.

17. Under Gerald Ford’s administration, the economy suffered from

  1. Boom and bust

  2. Inflation

  3. Stagflation

  4. Depression



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