United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank



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1. Read the quotation below and answer the question that follows.

The representative of the French people…have determined to set forth in a

solemn declaration the natural, unreliable, and sacred rights of man…[and

reinforce] the happiness of all. -French National Assembly, 1789

Which important U.S. document influenced this excerpt?

A. the Bill of Rights

B. the U.S. Constitution

C. the Articles of Confederation

D. the Declaration of Independence
2.


"British victory against France in the Seven Years' War helped to cause the American Revolution."

Which answer BEST explains why this quotation is true?

A) France sought revenge and stirred-up colonial anger against the British.

B) The British attempt to industrialize Canada offended the American colonists.

C) Britain became overconfident, resulting in a failed invasion of Spanish Florida.

D) The British increased colonial taxes in order to pay for the victory over France.
3. Why did American colonists resent British taxes?

A) Unlike American colonists, people who lived in Great Britain did not have to pay any duties .

B) Americans did not elect representatives to Parliament as people who lived in Great Britain did.

C) Great Britain did not offer the American colonists any protection from the French and the Indians.

D) American colonists were unhappy that the colonies were a source of cheap raw materials for Great Britain.
4. Which of these was a major philosophy expressed in the Declaration of Independence?

A) a belief in the natural rights of citizens

B) the need for a federal system of government

C) a belief in the benefits of a laissez-faire economy

D) the need for a Bill of Rights to secure personal liberties
5. In the years leading up to the American Revolution, the Committees of Correspondence were MOST important because they

A) kept Parliament informed as to what colonists were planning.

B) provided a record of the negotiations in the Continental Congress.

C) show that the group that would become the Federalists were already very powerful.

D) were the first attempt to maintain close political cooperation among all colonists.
6. Which of these was a reason the American colonies were fighting a war for independence in 1776?

A) restrictions on colonial trade

B) restrictions on slave ownership in the colonies

C) failure to protect the colonists from attacks by the French

D) failure to protect the colonists from attacks by the Spanish

7.


"For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury...."

- From The Declaration of Independence


Each phrase from this section of the Declaration of Independence begins with the word 'for', which is referring to the actions of



A) Parliament.

B) King George III.

C) the First Continental Congress.

D) the Second Continental Congress.


8.


"They tell us, sir, that we are weak; unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a... guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on our backs and hugging the delusive phantom of hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? Sir, we are not weak if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. The millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us."
Patrick Henry
March 23, 1775

Who/what is the adversary Patrick Henry speaks of?



A) British

B) Congress

C) inaction

D) liberty


9.

"We must indeed all hang together, or, most assuredly, we shall all hang separately."
Benjamin Franklin

Which of the following is an accurate conclusion based on his statement?

A) Benjamin Franklin wanted to hang traitors.

B) Benjamin Franklin was loyal to the British.

C) The American colonies should all sign the Declaration of Independence.

D) Benjamin Franklin did not want to sign the Declaration of Independence.


10. What was the First Continental Congress seeking when the “Olive Branch Petition” was sent to King George III in 1775?
A) agricultural assistance and protection from Indian attacks
B) the overthrow of English government for ideological reasons
C) to explain why it was necessary to dissolve their political connections
D) to try to assure the King that the Colonists were not wanting independence
11. Historians have regarded the American Revolution as being of worldwide importance because it
A) was won without foreign military assistance.
B) was led by people of recognized intellectual ability.
C) ended European imperialism in the Western Hemisphere.
D) marked the successful emergence of a new concept in government.
12.

"We must indeed all hang together, or, most assuredly, we shall all hang separately."
Benjamin Franklin

Which of the following is an accurate conclusion based on his statement?
A) Benjamin Franklin wanted to hang traitors.
B) Benjamin Franklin was loyal to the British.
C) The American colonies should all sign the Declaration of Independence.
D) Benjamin Franklin did not want to sign the Declaration of Independence.
13. Historians often praise Thomas Jefferson for incorporating the Enlightenment into the Declaration of Independence. Which of these BEST explains why this can be said?
A) there is evidence that it was written in France
B) it was written in the middle of the 18th Century
C) the philosophies of John Locke and Montesquieu are used
D) it contains many references to "Nature's God" and religion
14. Historians have regarded the American Revolution as being of worldwide importance because it
A) was won without foreign military assistance.
B) was led by people of recognized intellectual ability.
C) ended European imperialism in the Western Hemisphere.
D) marked the successful emergence of a new concept in government.

15.


He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
The Declaration of Independence

In this passage from the Declaration of Independence, the primary complaint of the colonists is centered around Parliament's passage of the
A) Tea Act.
B) Stamp Act.
C) Sugar Act.
D) Quartering Act.
16. The primary goal of the people who instigated the American Revolution was
A) to establish a new economic elite in North America.
B) to establish the world’s first democratic government.
C) to achieve the rights they felt the British had been denying them.
D) to make legally binding the concepts of equality and liberty for all in the colonies.
17. In the Declaration of Independence, whom did the Americans indict for "repeated injuries and usurpations"?
A) King George III, because of the crown's apparent intention to establish despotism
B) Parliament, because of the oppressive legislation that it had passed over ten years
C) British merchants, because their drive for personal profits had caused them to ignore the greater good of the empire
D) The king's ministers, because they had refused to compromise and had turned the king and Parliament against the colonies
18. Which of the following led to the cry, “No taxation without representation!”?

A) the Stamp Act

B) the Quartering Act

C) the Boston Massacre

D) the Declaration of Independence
19. The impact of the Declaration of Independence worldwide can best be described as what?

A) profound, because its principles have inspired revolutions and political movements worldwide.

B) oppressive, because it opposes egalitarianism.

C) moderate, because its effects have been limited outside of the United States.

D) powerful, because it rejected the idea of “inalienable rights,” thereby giving governments more power.
20. How did the Declaration of Independence influence other countries?


  1. It inspired the common people to fight for democratic control of their governments.

  2. It caused other governments to impose Intolerable Acts on their colonies.

  3. It ended slavery in countries like Haiti.

  4. It encouraged France to maintain and strengthen its monarchy.

21. The Treaty of Paris of 1783



  1. Ordered German reparations.

  2. Ended the French and Indian War.

  3. Recognized the United States of America as a new nation.

  4. Gave British control of lands west of the Mississippi River.

22. What is the significance of Lexington and Concord?



  1. The British marched to Lexington and Concord to show off their military superiority to the colonists in hopes of convincing them not to continue with their rebellion.

  2. The British marched to Lexington and Concord because the Continental Congress was secretly meeting there.

  3. George Washington had set up his headquarters between these two towns, and the British hoped to destroy the colonial army and end the revolution quickly.

  4. Lexington and Concord marked the first time that the British experienced organized resistance from the colonial militia.
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