United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank



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USHC-7.6

1. How did the American workplace change as a result of scientific and technological breakthroughs after World War II?

A. Wages for most workers increased, but wages for managers decreased.

B. Opportunities for minorities to move into managerial positions expanded.

C. The number of factory jobs expanded due to the development of the assembly line.

D. The number of white-collar jobs increased, but the number of blue-collar jobs decreased.
2. How did the status of American women change in the decade following World War II?


  1. They entered factory jobs created by new levels of consumer demand.

  1. They started to earn salaries equal to men's salaries equal to men's.

C. They returned to the home as men returned from overseas.

D. They earned college degrees for the first time.


3.

· Born in Tupelo, Mississippi, January 8, 1935
· Recorded "Thats Alright, Mama" in 1954
· Sergeant in the United States Army
· Had 18 "#1 Hit Singles" and 38 "Top 10" records in his career

All of these are describing
A) Johnny Cash.
B) Otis Redding.
C) Elvis Presley.
D) Paul McCartney.
BT3

4.


http://usatestprep.com/modules/gallery/files/2/283/283.gif

Which of these phrases BEST summarizes the trend represented by this graph?


A) the effect of Chinese immigration on western states
B) the lack of manufacturing jobs to foreign competition
C) the transition from an agrarian society to an industrial nation
D) the resurgence of the south following the end of Reconstruction
5. The Fair Deal included twenty-one points, one of which was
A) ending the draft.
B) lowering prices on food.
C) raising the drinking age.
D) raising the minimum wage.
6.

http://usatestprep.com/modules/gallery/files/44/4499/4499.png

The dramatic rise in Defense spending in the first half of the 1950s could be BEST explained by the United States' involvement in


A) World War I.
B) World War II.
C) the Korean War.
D) the Vietnam War.
7.

http://usatestprep.com/modules/gallery/files/75/7576/7576.jpg

The mid-1950s saw a migration from the industrial north east to the American south and southwest. This area people moved to is often called the


A) ‘Sun Belt’.
B) ‘Rust Belt’.
C) ‘Bible Belt’.
D) ‘Humidity Belt’.
BT5

8. How did the Cold War contribute to economic growth in the United States?


A) America limited markets for its exports.
B) American defense spending remained high.
C) The Soviet Union traded more with the United States.
D) European countries failed to recover from World War II.


BT3

9. The National Defense Education Act (1958) was created to


A) educate students on the evils of the Soviet Union.
B) educate students on how to survive a nuclear attack.
C) provide scholarships to students who wanted to go to a US military academy.
D) improve the advancement of education in the areas of science, math, and foreign languages.
BT3

10. Which of these had the BIGGEST impact on the increase in 1950s consumerism?


A) movies
B) newspapers
C) radio
D) television
11.

http://usatestprep.com/modules/gallery/files/2/283/283.gif

Which of these phrases BEST summarizes the trend represented by this graph?


A) the effect of Chinese immigration on western states
B) the lack of manufacturing jobs to foreign competition
C) the transition from an agrarian society to an industrial nation
D) the resurgence of the south following the end of Reconstruction
12. Synthetic rubber, nuclear energy, computers, and pipelines, are all examples of what?

A. items rationed during WWII

B. items included in the US embargo against Japan that contributed to Japan’s decision to attack the US

C. items developed by the Manhattan Project

D. innovative technology that was important during WWII
13. What effect did the “GI Bill of Rights” and the Cold War have on higher education?

A. Fewer people could afford to go to college as the government used money previously allotted for school loans to increase the military and develop nuclear weapons.

B. The number of African-Americans who went to college drastically increased while the number of whites who went to college decreased slightly.

C. More people started going to college and more emphasis was put on math and science.

D. Colleges and Universities experienced a decline in enrollment due to the Red Scare


BT3

14. Which of the following is the most accurate description of migration patterns following WWII?

A) Middle class whites tended to leave the cities to buy affordable houses in the suburbs, while many blacks migrated north to urban areas

B) Southern blacks tended to occupy the suburbs, while whites and northern African-Americans tended to move to inner-cities.

C) Suburbs shrank as people made more money and headed back to the cities.

D) Northern blacks often moved south in search of better jobs and to escape racism


15. Television shows, advertising, and even a number of “scientific” books tended to suggest that women should fulfill what roles during the 19050s?

A) wife and mother

B) wife, mother, and member of the labor force

C) wife and career woman

D) single career woman
16. Which of the following statements is most accurate concerning technology developed during WWII?

A) It served a strictly military purpose and had little use after the war was over.

B) While important advances were made in radar and sonar, no medical advances of note occurred.

C) Some technological advances actually occurred by accident.

D) Although many technological advances occurred, computers were not invented until years after the war.
17. Which one of the following did the “GI Bill of Rights” least contribute to?

A) more suburbs

B) McCarthyism

C) the “baby boom”

D) consumerism
18. Use the list below to answer the following question.

1981 = IBM introduces the personal computer

1985 = Microsoft introduces Windows 1.0

1989 = Berners-Lee invents World Wide Web

1990 = Microsoft sales of Windows 3.0 hit $1 billion

1993 = Browser introduction makes Internet accessible to everyone

What statement best summarizes the impact of this list of events?


  1. Computer technology has led to a revolution in people’s access to information.

  2. Computer technology began in government labs.

  3. Microsoft has played a relatively small role in the computer industry.

  4. Without Apple II, many people could not afford a personal computer.



BT5

19. Use the list below to answer the following question.



Effects of Interstate Highways

More efficient distribution of goods

A new road culture

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The interstate highway system, begun in the 1950s, changed American life in several significant ways. Which of the following effects of interstate highways belongs in the bottom box of this list?

  1. Growth of suburbs and urban sprawl

  2. Cutback in government spending on the military

  3. Further expansion of U.S. territory

  4. Growing conflict between eastern and western states

20. Which of the following does NOT reflect the rise of the conservative movement in the 1950s and 1960s?

  1. The presidential candidacy of Barry Goldwater

  2. Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society programs

  3. The election of Richard Nixon as president

  4. William F. Buckley’s founding of National Review magazine

21. When Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus refused to obey the Supreme Court ruling on integrating schools, who was responsible for enforcing the law in Arkansas?

  1. The state police

  2. The Arkansas National Guard

  3. The Supreme Court

  4. The President

22. Use the chart below to answer the following question.

Key Events of the Carter Administration

Creation of the Department of Energy

Ratification of Panama Canal treaties to give Panamanians control of the canal

Boycott of 1980 Summer Olympic Games in Moscow

Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt

?????

Which of the following events BEST completes the list?

  1. Iranian hostage crisis

  2. Whip Inflation Now program

  3. Mayaguez incident

  4. Signing of the Helsinki Accords




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