United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank



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USHC-3.4


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1. The Southern laws which ensured that blacks and whites attended separate schools, drank from separate water fountains, attended separate churches, rode in separate railroad cars, and visited separate parks and recreational facilities were BEST known as

A) Black Codes

B) Jim Crow laws

C) Populist laws

D) The Official Code of Georgia


2. The U.S. Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson, (1896) determined that segregation was acceptable under the condition that

A) all children receive permission to attend the same school.

B) whites receive higher quality facilities and services than blacks.

C) the segregation laws did not spread outside of the Southern states.

D) the separate facilities or services for both races be of equal quality.
3.


(A)ll persons born in the United States... are hereby declared to be citizens of the United States; and such citizens, of every race and color, without regard to any previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude... shall have the same right, in every State and Territory in the United States... as is enjoyed by white citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment, pains, and penalties, and to none other, any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, to the contrary notwithstanding.
1866 Civil Rights Act

This piece of legislation represents the political and social changes during

A) Prohibition.

B) World War I.

C) the Civil War.

D) Reconstruction.


4. William Simmons capitalized on the rampant anti-Semitism, anti-Catholicism, and nativism of the 1920s to revive which group that terrorized its victims through a combination of pageantry, costumes, and violence?

A) the Ku Klux Klan

B) the Black Panthers

C) the Nation of Islam

D) the Aryan Brotherhood
5. What was the effect of the use of literacy tests throughout the South after the U.S. Civil War?

A) an increase in voter turnout by African Americans

B) the poor and African Americans not being allowed to vote

C) an increase in the power of the Republican Party in the South

D) the election of more African American government officials in the South
6. Lincoln's "10 Percent Plan" dealt with
A) his idea for instituting an income tax.
B) re-admitting Southern states into the Union.
C) his quest to reconquer only 10% of the South.
D) emancipating 10% of the slaves as an experiment.
7. What was the effect of the use of literacy tests throughout the South after the U.S. Civil War?
A) an increase in voter turnout by African Americans
B) the poor and African Americans not being allowed to vote
C) an increase in the power of the Republican Party in the South
D) the election of more African American government officials in the South
8. The actions of the Republican Party after the Civil War were more favorable to
A) Eastern fishing interests.
B) Northern industrial interests.
C) Western agricultural interests.
D) Southern agricultural interests.
9. Which of these would have been MOST likely to have a Carpetbagger during the Reconstruction Era?
A) a New York businessman who relocated to Mississippi
B) a former slave who was able to buy land in Birmingham
C) a Carolina-born politician who supported the Democratic
D) a former Confederate officer who owned a farm in Memphis
10. Presidential Reconstruction following the American Civil War can BEST be described as
A) a plan to re-admit southern states if ten percent of the population pledged loyalty to the United States.
B) a desire to punish those southerners responsible for causing and/or prolonging the war.
C) a desire to rebuild the country quickly and without ill feelings following the war.
D) a plan to fix the damage to the White House caused by the Civil War.
11. The purpose of Jim Crow laws was to
A) prevent black citizens from obtaining employment.
B) limit the religious activities of southern citizens.
C) create as much division between the races as possible.
D) make it illegal for black children to receive an education.

12. Following the Civil War and Reconstruction, which factor delayed the South's economic development?


A) few agricultural resources
B) a lack of major cities in the South
C) a high population of immigrant labor
D) few natural harbors and river systems
13. What is the name of the labor system that developed throughout the South after the Civil War kept poor blacks and white working in agriculture?
A) antebellum
B) indenturing
C) sharecropping
D) convict lease system
BT4

14. In the first half of the 20th century, literacy tests, poll taxes, and grandfather clauses were passed by the southern states in order to


A) deny suffrage to women.
B) end the Reconstruction Era.
C) deny suffrage to African Americans.
D) help pay for the growing New Deal programs.
BT2

15. What effect did the end of Reconstruction have on African-Americans?

A) It presented them with more opportunities because it meant the end of racist policies.

B) It resulted in greater opportunities for education and the revival of the African-American church.

C) It led to oppression because southern states had more sovereignty and used it to implement things like Jim Crow laws, literacy tests, and poll taxes.

D) It meant the loss of political influence because it made the Republicans more powerful and most African-Americans were Democrats.


16. How did sharecropping undermine African Americans’ economic opportunities?

A) It established a system akin to slavery.

B) It forced sharecroppers to work together on one farm.

C) It split profits between multiple sharecroppers.

D) It prevented sharecroppers from working on other farms.
BT2

17. Which weakness in the Compromise of 1877 arguably allowed for the powerful rise of Jim Crow laws and the KKK?

A) The ascension of Rutherford B. Hayes to the presidency

B) The lack of Radical Republican support

C) The withdrawal of military troops from the South

D) The repeal of the Fifteenth Amendment



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