|United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank
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1. Emily was born in the colonies. Her parents emigrated from England in the early 1700s. Her parents came because they were searching for freedom of religion and because her father wanted to work in a large city and make money by exporting agricultural goods. In which colony did Emily’s family live?
2. Which colonial region had the most religious diversity during the 1700s?
A. New England colonies
B. Southern colonies
C. Middle colonies
3. The first financially successful English colony in the "new world" was
4. Which colony was home to the largest number of Quakers?
B) New York
5. The cities of New York, Baltimore, and Philadelphia began to flourish in the late 17th century because of what economic activity?
C) rice farming
D) tobacco farming
The Navigation Acts
The first of these was passed in 1651, with the primary rule that no goods grown or manufactured Africa, the Americas, or Asia could be brought into England except in English vessels. Additionally, goods from any European country imported into England must be brought in British ships or in the ships of the country that produced them.
In 1660, a more infamous part of this act was passed. It forbade importing goods into or exporting goods out of the British colonies unless British ships were used in the process. Additionally, certain products such as cotton, sugar, & tobacco could not be shipped to any country except England or to another English colony.
According to the passage, which of these choices would have been ILLEGAL in the late 1600s?
A) A merchant in the Maryland Colony unloads fur from a Spanish ship in exchange for corn.
B) A trader in London purchases wine directly off of a ship from the southern coast of France.
C) A planter in the Virginia Colony trades tobacco to a South Carolina plantation owner for cotton.
D) A port in Boston Harbor unloads 50 crates of tea that arrived on a ship that arrived from London.
7. "Joint stock companies" were organizations meant to establish colonies in the Americas by people from
8. Which of these would have been MOST likely to be a significant part of the Middle colonies' economy in 17th century North America?
C) silver mining
D) indigo plantations
9. The Mayflower Compact was unique because it
A) was the foundation for the Declaration of Independence.
B) allowed black colonists freedom centuries before emancipation.
C) was the first example of colonial European self-government in northeastern North America.
D) established the precedent of freedom of religion in the southern colonies of North America.
10. From the following list, identify the Englishman who first scandalized his prominent English family by becoming a Quaker, but who later convinced the King, an old friend, to grant him land in the "New World" that would later be named for himself.
A) William Penn
B) William Pitt
C) William York
D) William Oglethorpe
11. This colony was founded by the Dutch in the early-1600s and is now known as New York City.
A) New Jersey
B) New Haarlem
C) New Holland
D) New Amsterdam
12. The economic activities of the English colonies during the 17th-18th centuries could be described as
A) industrial in the south and agricultural in the north.
B) agricultural in the south, industrial in the north.
C) agricultural in both north and south.
D) industrial in both north and south.
13. The development of the shipbuilding industry during the colonial era had the greatest impact on
A) the Middle colonies.
B) the Southern colonies.
C) the New England colonies.
D) colonies in French Canada.
14. Which of these was considered a “Mid-Atlantic” colony in North America?
A) New York
C) Rhode Island
D) New Hampshire
15. Which of the following lists is associated with the Southern Colonies?
A) subsistence farming, slavery, profitable shipping industry, Puritan faith
B) commerce, diversity, originally home to Dutch settlements
C) tobacco, rice, plantation system, colony for debtors
D) fur trade, witch trials, Mayflower Compact
16. John is a Puritan merchant who can vote. Where does he most likely live?
A. Massachusetts Bay colony
D. Rhode Island
17. How did John Rolfe’s tobacco and the slaves seized by the English and Dutch in 1619 transform Virginia’s economy?
A. Enslaved Africans and the Powhatan created a rival colony based on Rolfe’s tobacco.
B. The Dutch recovered the slave ship and stole Rolfe’s tobacco plant in the process.
C. Both established the primary crop and workforce through which Virginia’s agriculture grew.
D. The enslaved Africans improved upon Rolfe’s tobacco and created the crop that stabilized Virginia’s economy.
18. How did the Wampanoag help the Pilgrims survive in Plymouth Colony?
A. They assisted them with building houses, churches, and schools.
B. They refused to attack the Pilgrims based on religious principles.
C. They showed the Pilgrims how to sew clothing for cold weather.
D. They taught Pilgrims how to grow corn, beans, and squash.
19. The settlement at Jamestown suffered from many problems in its early years, mostly from lack of adequate food. Finally, in 1614, two changes helped save the colony. What were these changes?
Enslaved people were introduced, and they started cultivating tobacco.
Private cultivation was allowed, and the successful cultivation and curing of tobacco started.
Settlers were organized into work gangs, and successful tobacco cultivation began.
Private cultivation was allowed, and the Powhatan Confederacy stopped attacking Jamestown.
20. Why did Massachusetts resist the Navigation Acts more strongly than the other colonies?
Massachusetts suffered the most because it had many of the major ports.
Massachusetts relied heavily on English ships.
Massachusetts was self-sufficient in raw materials.
James II had revoked the Massachusetts charter.